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Design and Fabrication of Waste Paper Recycling Machine for Laboratory and Medium Scale Operation

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2019, Journal of Production Engineering

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Shashikant Pawar

The generation of waste paper is quite common especially in the educational institutions like schools or colleges. The recycling of paper is possible to overcome of this problem, recycling the waste paper is best way to protect the wastage of paper instead of disposing off. This has many advantages like saving of cost, along the contribution toward the environment protection. To achieve this, considering the design and fabrication of automated paper recycling machine, to use in schools and colleges. In the current paperwork, a detailed review on the paper recycling machine especially used in educational institutions like schools or colleges is described. Reviews have also considered recovery techniques for pulp paper making.

literature review on paper recycling machine

International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology (IJERT)

IJERT Journal

https://www.ijert.org/development-and-fabrication-of-paper-recycling-machine https://www.ijert.org/research/development-and-fabrication-of-paper-recycling-machine-IJERTV10IS010192.pdf It is literature review paper on Development & Fabrication of paper recycling machine. In every big institution ,mainly educational institutions like schools or colleges, generation of large quantity of waste papers is quite apparent. And effective use of recycled paper is also possible. So, instead of disposing off the waste papers into trash, recycling them makes sense. This not only helps the institute in cost saving but will also ensure its contribution towards the protection of the environment. Designing machine which integrate all the process in single unit, which can be used in schools and colleges, ensures that a cheap and non-complex method of production of paper product is guaranteed. Accordingly design of the machine unit has been prepared with all necessary component specifications.

TJPRC Publication

Paper has become a part of human life in various aspects and it is becoming even more popular now-a-days. With the increase in consumption of paper, the problem of raw material sources is emerging. This ultimately resulted in exploitation of natural resources. Recycling of paper has become vital, since the demand for paper has increased. A survey is conducted in G Pulla Reddy Engineering College (GPREC) campus and identified the sources of waste paper. In this paper, the design and fabrication of manually operated paper recycling equipment has been presented. Recycled paper has been extracted from the equipment. H2O2 as deinking agent, Guar Gum as adhesive and Boric powder as softening agent have been added to the pulp to enhance its quality. Cost analysis has been done to analyze the budget of the equipment.

IRJET Journal

Paper recycling has a prime importance as the whole world expresses its concerns for the deforestation and increased pollution on the earth. Securing natural resources and improvement of the green count on the earth for the next generation has a critical reception in the current world. Recycling is a codicil for the production of new paper. This process actually helps in reduction of deforestation which would have a direct impact on preservation of the natural resources on earth clouting the adverse affects of pollution. The innovation targeting the recycling of the paper, portable manually operated recycling machine is a highly appreciable step ahead promoting the decreased conservation of the earth’s resources. The byproducts in the process of paper recycling also could be used for various other purposes and in industries as raw material. Acknowledging the existing idea of the portable manually operated paper recycling machine, the objective of our project is to improve the reliability, sustainability and the life of the paper recycling machine by improving the design elements of the machine performing structural analysis on the various elements and identifying the element on whose change in design could be implemented for the improvement in the life of the machine

imhade P okokpujie

In an effort to mitigate the problem of increasing amount of generated waste papers going to dumpsites for burning directly causing global warning. Horizontal waste paper baling machine was designed, Manufactured and tested using high local content and readily available materials in such a way that, maintenance will not be expensive to ensure sustainability and reliability. The principal parameters of the design included the maximum force (10 KN) of the compression, the distance the piston rod has to move before compressing the waste paper (piston stroke, 609mm), cycled time of 9 minutes and the system pressure. The major components of the waste paper baling machine designed includes the frame, electric motor, coupling, hydraulic pump, pressure hose, directional control valve, filter, pressure gauge, thermometer, tank, and hydraulic cylinder. The machine was tested for performance with a waste paper such as white papers of A4 size used for Photostat and printing upon and found to be...

Aakash Handge , Moses Olutoye

A manually operated paper-recycling machine was designed and fabricated. This was done to enable waste paper conversion into useful product. The fabricated plant consists of six major component units that include the disc refiner, the hydropulper, the head box, the felt conveyor, the driers and the rollers. From the results of experimental analysis carried out on the study, it was discovered that for every 0.1kg of used paper fed into the refiner, about 7000ml of water is required to defibre it, and about 0.2 kg of starch adhesive is required. The calculated volume of the refiner, hydropulper and head box is 11795.62cm 3 , 62930.47cm 3 and 60979.096cm 3 respectively. The fabricated machine is capable of producing 7.6 kg of recycled paper from 10 kg of used paper.

Deepak Joshi

panashe mombeyarara

A manually operated paper-recycling machine was designed and fabricated. This was done to enable waste paper conversion into useful product. The fabricated plant consists of six major component units that include the disc refiner, the hydropulper, the head box, the felt conveyor, the driers and the rollers. From the results of experimental analysis carried out on the study, it was discovered that for every 0.1kg of used paper fed into the refiner, about 7000ml of water is required to defibre it, and about 0.2 kg of starch adhesive is required. The calculated volume of the refiner, hydropulper and head box is 11795.62cm3, 62930.47cm3 and 60979.096cm3 respectively. The fabricated machine is capable of producing 7.6 kg of recycled paper from 10 kg of used paper.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE MANAGEMENT AND ENGINEERING RESEARCH IJSMER

In any big institution, especially educational institutions like schools or colleges, generation of large quantity of waste papers is quite apparent. And effective use of recycled paper is also possible (craft papers, registers etc). So, instead of disposing off the waste papers into trash, recycling them makes sense. This not only helps the institute in cost saving but will also ensure its contribution towards the protection of the environment. Paper is the most important part of human life. Modern civilization cannot be imagined without the use of paper. Likely, daily routine starts with the use of paper and also end with the use of paper. And large amount of waste paper is generated. Sometimes or every time it causes environmental pollution. A survey from the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI), Nagpur shows that 17 trees are required for the paper production of 1 ton of paper. Also, we have seen that, in any big institutions, especially educational institutions like school, colleges and universities, generates large amount of waste paper. Our motive was to fabricate the small scale automatic paper recycling machine which enables to recycle paper at home, colleges and GRAMUDYOG as well. Though the recycled paper from this machine is not so smooth and thin as like produced from mill by wood. But they can be used for banner, title, greeting cards, also for making hand bags, box for packaging etc. This machine increases production rate and the turnover ratio as well.

Olawale Ajisefini

In any big institution, especially educational institutions like schools or colleges, generation of large quantity of waste papers is quite apparent. And effective use of recycled paper is also possible (craft papers, registers etc). So, instead of disposing off the waste papers into trash, recycling them makes sense. This not only helps the institute in cost saving but will also ensure its contribution towards the protection of the environment. Designing manually operated small-scaled paper recycling plant, which can be used in schools and colleges, ensures that a cheap and non-complex method of production of paper product is guaranteed. Accordingly design of the machine unit has been prepared with all necessary component specifications. Also 3D modeling and drafting has been done.

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Shredder machine for plastic recycling: A review paper

J H Wong 1 , M J H Gan 1,2 , B L Chua 1 , M Gakim 1 and N J Siambun 1,2

Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering , Volume 1217 , Material and Energy Engineering for Sustainable Advancement (MEESA 2021) 29th-30th September 2021, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia Citation J H Wong et al 2022 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 1217 012007 DOI 10.1088/1757-899X/1217/1/012007

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1 Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

2 Centre of Research in Energy and Advanced Materials, Faculty of Engineering Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jalan UMS, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

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Plastic pollution has become a global concern due to poor plastic waste disposal management. As an alternative, independent recycling efforts are necessary. A Plastic shredder machine is a preliminary machine used to cut plastic waste into small pieces before turning it into useful products. The concept design of the shredder machine that is currently available is fairly similar. The shaft and blades are the critical components in the shredder machine that determines its performance. The geometry and orientation of the blades that were fitted into the single or double-shafts were found to directly affect the shredding performance. Therefore, this article aims to review the various geometry and orientations of the blades that give direct effect on the shredding performance, as well as identifying the research gaps related to the shredder machine for plastic waste materials

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Computer Science > Machine Learning

Title: a structured review of literature on uncertainty in machine learning & deep learning.

Abstract: The adaptation and use of Machine Learning (ML) in our daily lives has led to concerns in lack of transparency, privacy, reliability, among others. As a result, we are seeing research in niche areas such as interpretability, causality, bias and fairness, and reliability. In this survey paper, we focus on a critical concern for adaptation of ML in risk-sensitive applications, namely understanding and quantifying uncertainty. Our paper approaches this topic in a structured way, providing a review of the literature in the various facets that uncertainty is enveloped in the ML process. We begin by defining uncertainty and its categories (e.g., aleatoric and epistemic), understanding sources of uncertainty (e.g., data and model), and how uncertainty can be assessed in terms of uncertainty quantification techniques (Ensembles, Bayesian Neural Networks, etc.). As part of our assessment and understanding of uncertainty in the ML realm, we cover metrics for uncertainty quantification for a single sample, dataset, and metrics for accuracy of the uncertainty estimation itself. This is followed by discussions on calibration (model and uncertainty), and decision making under uncertainty. Thus, we provide a more complete treatment of uncertainty: from the sources of uncertainty to the decision-making process. We have focused the review of uncertainty quantification methods on Deep Learning (DL), while providing the necessary background for uncertainty discussion within ML in general. Key contributions in this review are broadening the scope of uncertainty discussion, as well as an updated review of uncertainty quantification methods in DL.

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Electric vehicle batteries waste management and recycling challenges: a comprehensive review of green technologies and future prospects

  • Published: 21 May 2024

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literature review on paper recycling machine

  • Hussein K. Amusa   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0001-9829-0891 1 ,
  • Muhammad Sadiq 2 ,
  • Gohar Alam 3 ,
  • Rahat Alam 3 ,
  • Abdelfattah Siefan 3 ,
  • Haider Ibrahim 3 ,
  • Ali Raza 1 &
  • Banu Yildiz 3  

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Electric vehicle (EV) batteries have lower environmental impacts than traditional internal combustion engines. However, their disposal poses significant environmental concerns due to the presence of toxic materials. Although safer than lead-acid batteries, nickel metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries still present risks to health and the environment. This study reviews the environmental and social concerns surrounding EV batteries and their waste. It explores the potential threats of these batteries to human health and the environment. It also discusses alternative methods to enhance EV-battery performance, safety, and sustainability, such as hybrid systems of green technologies and innovative recycling processes. Finding alternative materials for EV batteries is crucial to addressing current resource shortage risks and improving EV performance and sustainability. Therefore, the development of efficient and sustainable solutions for the safe handling of retired EV batteries is necessary to ensure carbon neutrality and mitigate environmental and health risks.

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literature review on paper recycling machine

Raw Materials and Recycling of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Generation and management of waste electric vehicle batteries in china.

literature review on paper recycling machine

The Recycling of Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries: a Review of Current Processes and Technologies

Abbreviations.

Alternating current

Battery electric vehicle

Direct current

Deep eutectic solvent

Department of Energy

Department of Transportation

European Battery Recycling Organization

Eutrophication potential

Extended producer responsibilities

European Raw Materials Alliance

European Union

Electric vehicle

Greenhouse gas

Hydrogen bond acceptor

Hydrogen bond donor

Hazardous Materials Regulation

Human toxicity potential

Ionic liquid

Life cycle assessment

Lithium iron phosphate

Lithium-ion battery

Nickle metal hydride

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle

Polyvinylidene fluoride

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

Supercritical CO 2

Strategy Energy Technology Plan

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Amusa, H.K., Sadiq, M., Alam, G. et al. Electric vehicle batteries waste management and recycling challenges: a comprehensive review of green technologies and future prospects. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10163-024-01982-y

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  29. Buildings

    Public parks are vital for community well-being, yet often fail to cater to the needs of people with disabilities, restricting their safe and independent use. This paper details a pragmatic study aimed at crafting the design for an inclusive park on the outskirts of Bangkok, addressing these limitations. Through a comprehensive mixed-methods approach—encompassing literature reviews, semi ...

  30. Atmosphere

    A Feature Paper should be a substantial original Article that involves several techniques or approaches, provides an outlook for future research directions and describes possible research applications. ... Submit to this Journal Review for this Journal Propose a Special ... Kattel GR, Kazora J, Shangwe CN, Habiyakare F. Application of Machine ...