Essay on Healthy Food vs Junk Food

Students are often asked to write an essay on Healthy Food vs Junk Food in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Healthy Food vs Junk Food


Healthy food and junk food are two types of food often discussed. Healthy food is nutritious, while junk food lacks essential nutrients but is high in harmful substances.

Healthy Food

Healthy food includes fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. They provide the body with necessary vitamins, minerals, and fiber to maintain good health.

Junk food includes fast food, sweets, and soda. They contain high amounts of sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats, which can lead to health problems like obesity and heart disease.

In conclusion, healthy food is the best choice for maintaining good health, while junk food can harm our health.

250 Words Essay on Healthy Food vs Junk Food

The allure of junk food.

Junk food, characterized by high levels of sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats, is often preferred for its convenience and addictive taste. However, the immediate gratification it offers comes with long-term health consequences. Overconsumption of junk food is linked to obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic illnesses. It also negatively impacts cognitive functions, affecting academic performance and productivity.

The Power of Healthy Food

On the other hand, healthy food, rich in nutrients like vitamins, minerals, protein, and fiber, provides the body with the necessary components for optimal functioning. These foods boost the immune system, enhance cognitive abilities, and lower the risk of chronic diseases. They also contribute to maintaining a healthy weight and promote overall well-being.

Changing the Narrative

Despite the clear benefits of healthy food, the pervasive culture of fast food has normalized junk food consumption. However, changing this narrative is possible through education and awareness. Understanding the detrimental effects of junk food and the benefits of a balanced diet can help steer societal preferences towards healthier options.

In conclusion, while junk food may appeal to our taste buds and offer convenience, its long-term effects on health are detrimental. In contrast, healthy food, despite being less convenient, provides numerous health benefits, making it the superior choice. It is essential for individuals, especially college students, to make informed dietary choices for a healthier future.

500 Words Essay on Healthy Food vs Junk Food

The debate between healthy food and junk food has been a topic of interest for many years. As society becomes more health-conscious, the importance of dietary choices is increasingly recognized. This essay aims to explore the differences between healthy and junk food, their impact on our health, and the societal implications of these choices.

Understanding Healthy Food and Junk Food

On the other hand, junk food is typically high in unhealthy fats, sugars, and salt, while being low in nutritional value. Common examples include fast food, candy, soda, and chips. These foods may be appealing due to their taste and convenience, but their regular consumption can lead to various health issues.

The Health Implications

The consumption of healthy food has numerous health benefits. It provides the necessary nutrients that the body needs to function optimally. A balanced diet can help maintain a healthy weight, boost the immune system, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer.

Societal Implications

The choices between healthy food and junk food also have broader societal implications. The rising consumption of junk food is often linked to the global obesity epidemic. The ease of access and low cost of junk food, combined with aggressive marketing strategies, contribute to its popularity, particularly among younger generations.

Meanwhile, healthy food is often perceived as more expensive and less accessible, especially in low-income communities. This creates a socio-economic divide in dietary choices and health outcomes. Promoting the consumption of healthy food and making it more accessible and affordable can help address these disparities.

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junk food vs healthy food essay in english

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Junk Food Vs Healthy Food: Advantages, Disadvantages And Healthier Food Choices

Quick reads, content details.

Many of us love greasy and sugary foods and for those used to eating junk food - cheese, deep-fried, sweetness loaded delicacies are an obsession of sorts.

Thanks to globalization, various junk foods belonging to global cuisine have crept into your daily diet plan in the last couple of decades leading to an increase in the rate of childhood obesity and the risk of developing chronic diseases like cancer , diabetes , cardiovascular diseases etc.

If you ask, which one is better from the taste point of view, the battle between healthy food and junk food never ends. Mindful eaters might argue that nutritional food items are tastier too but when it comes to choosing between the two, junk food always win the race.

But why? Well, agree or disagree cravings are irresistible and unhealthy eating habits are actually a norm. We can kill our mid-day hunger pangs with an apple or a fistful of nuts, but most of us end nibbling upon a pile of French fries or pizza and even guzzle down fizzy drinks. It in fact, has become a mammoth task for these days parents in convincing their children to pick fresh veggies, fruits, nuts, salads, soups over these unhealthy and calorie loaded recipes.

What Is Junk Food?

Junk food is the best example of an unbalanced diet categorised by a huge proportion of simple carbs, refined sugar, salt, saturated fat and with very low nutritional value. These foods are processed to a great extent where they almost lose all of their vital nutrients, fibre and water content. Junk food may be quite convenient, readily available on the go, cheap whereas healthy food is best for maintaining weight, getting an adequate amount of essential nutrients and for keeping you in good state of health.

Also Read: Craving For Junk Food? Try These Healthy Swaps Loaded With Nutrition – Infographic

Junk Vs Healthy Food

Junk Vs Healthy Food

Healthy food refers to a whole lot of fresh and natural products such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and good fats that deliver your body with essential nutrients for carrying out several bodily processes, combat sickness and keep diseases at bay. Some of the healthy foods include apples, greens, carrots, oatmeal, whole grain, beans and legumes, fish, eggs, avocado, milk and milk products  and olive oil to mention a few.

While, junk food is a highly processed food that is made up of ‘empty’ calories foods loaded with full of saturated fat, sugar and devoid of nutrients which neither helps the body to nurture, focus and perform vital functions all through the day. It includes packaged food products like chips, cookies , cakes, pastry, candy soda, ice-cream and a list of fast food items on the restaurant menus like pizza, pasta, burgers and French fries.

Why Is Healthy Food Better Than Junk Food?

When you consume a diet that is packed with natural fresh produce, it facilitates to lower the risk of several chronic disorders like cancer, obesity, cardiovascular problems, diabetes and many more. Furthermore, healthy foods are mostly low on calories and contain huge amounts of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and dietary fibre   that are well-known for promoting total well-being.

Advantages Of Healthy Foods

Healthy foods like fruits and veggies or whole grain cereals  are a source of good dietary fibre. An adequate amount of fibre in the diet helps with delaying gastric emptying time, keep you satiated and prevent you from overeating. Fibre-rich foods also benefit to maintain the digestive system healthy and function effectively thereby lowering cholesterol and blood glucose level.

Also Read: 5 Healthy Food Choices To Start Your Day

Advantages of eating healthy

Healthy foods are basically unprocessed, low on calories and do not miss out on vital nutrients. Consuming a wholesome meal comprising of whole-grain cereal, legume, low-fat dairy –paneer or curd , veggies and fruit meets your daily demands of nutrition.

Natural food produce is low on saturated fat, trans fat and calories which help you to manage weight.

Incorporating a rich array of healthful foods imbued with dense nutrient profile safeguard your heart, maintain lipid profile, control blood pressure and blood sugar levels, avert the risk of inflammation, boost metabolism, promote smooth digestion process, bolster immunity and keep diseases at bay .

Yes, healthy food not only provides you with needed essential nutrients but also delivers you with a spectrum of health incentives which hold a significant role in uplifting your overall physical, mental and emotional well-being.

The perks of healthy food and cons of junk food are quite clear, making mindful choices with your meals and snacks will let you to focus and concentrate well throughout the day. As the body’s needs are met by nutritionally loaded food choices it will keep you satiated and content. Moreover, this averts untimely snacking or binge eating.

When kids prefer healthy food it ensures them to be more productive and efficient with time and memorize things they have learned, rather than being sleepy and reading the same things over and over again.

High fibre foods release energy slowly, whereas sugar laden foods offer you a sudden burst of energy. You may be tempted to reach for that pack of chocolates around afternoons but choose an apple with peanut butter or banana or carrot sticks with yoghurt for conferring you with sustained energy needed to accomplish your day task.

Also Read: 5 Successful Healthy Eating Habits To Practice - Infographic

Junk food can result in long-term damage, going for unhealthy food stuffs like French fries, pizza, pastries and candy can increase your risk of developing depression, obesity, heart disease and cancer.

Difference Between Healthy Food vs Junk Food

Junk food tends to be high on fat, unrefined carbohydrates and added sugars, all of which up their energy density or caloric values. Consuming plenty of energy-dense foods increases your risk of obesity and other metabolic disorders. On the other hand, healthy foods are low in energy and fat content and high on nutrients, thus a diet low in calories help you lose weight  and maintain good health status.

One of the key variants between junk and healthy food is the amount and type of saturated and unsaturated fats they contain. Unsaturated fatty oils are healthier options like olive oil, sunflower oil , sesame oil etc., these oils contain the right proportion of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids which are healthier for the heart and also maintain the lipid profile. While junk foods are loaded with a high amount of saturated fats and trans fat like butter, lard, palm oil and dalda are unhealthy and harm health.

Junk or fast foods are those items with empty calories, which means they only offer you a high amount of calories without providing you with needed vital nutrients. Studies have also disclosed that people who consume fast foods on a regular basis have lower micronutrient intake and may have a nutritional deficiency. Choosing wholesome foods will assure you with an increase in the nutrients per calorie making it feasible to meet the recommended dose of macro and micronutrients.

Difference between junk and healthy food

Well, fast food can be a cheaper option than adopting a healthy eating habit, however, you can still plan a nutritious meal plan by including low-cost locally available fresh natural produce that will save your money compared to convenience foods. Furthermore, the merits of eating healthy food go way beyond in maintaining your overall health, where the cost factor is often neglected when health is your top priority.

Addictive Qualities

Junk food is considered to have addictive qualities as they are revolved around sugar and fat. Sugar is known to kindle the brain reward pathways, sugar, when combined with fat, becomes hard to resist. Studies observe that the blend of sugar and fat is mostly linked with addictive symptoms like withdrawal or loss of self-control over food. Well, regular or even intermittent intake of junk foods has the potential to drive the habit formation in the brain which can increase your cravings leading to overconsumption of junk food and with time results in weight gain.

Simple Ways To Eat Less Junk Food

There are a number of ways one can gradually reduce the intake of junk food. First and foremost, never stock up in your homes which can easily take away the temptation.

Secondly, stay alert and be mindful of eating chips or other snacks directly from the pack, instead, portion a small quantity into a bowl and relish. Share junk food with friends or eat with other people who will help you to slow down and enjoy good conversation and your nachos.

Staying healthy while eating junk food is possible when you have it moderation, the key mantra is don’t overdo it.

Junk food tastes delicious but not satiating, it’s packed with empty calories. Hence if you are hungry steer clear of the readily available junk foods and wait uncomplainingly for something wholesome.

If you want to eat junk food, then ensure to stay active and do include some physical activity into your routine. A brisk walk post-dinner or quick cardio can help you to stay active and keep things in balance. On the other hand, if you don’t want to move your body, then reconsider the junk food you wish to eat.

Consider junk food the exception, rather than the norm. Focus on eating a healthy diet all through the week and have a cheat day   during the weekend, where you can treat yourself with favourite candy or fries, and you don’t have to feel guilty about it.

Likewise, swap your junk food with healthier choices which includes

Fruits: apples, bananas , oranges, and berries

Vegetables: Leafy greens, sweet potato, carrots, broccoli, and cauliflower

Whole Grains: Cereals, oats, brown rice, quinoa , and wheat

Seeds and Nuts: Almonds, walnuts, flaxseeds and sunflower seeds

Legumes: Beans, peas, and lentils

Lean Protein Sources: Fish, eggs and poultry

Dairy: Curd, yogurt, cheese, and fermented dairy products like kefir

Healthy Fats: Olive oil, nut butter, avocados, and coconut

Healthy Beverages: Water, green tea, and herbal teas

Eat healthy

Fitting Fast Food Into A Healthy Diet

A well-balanced meal plan comprises of about half fruits and vegetables, while other half consists of whole-grain cereals and legumes or lean meats. When you visit a fast-food restaurant lookout for the healthiest options, it can be a grilled or baked food instead of deep-fried stuff. Start with a soup or salad with low-fat dressing as they are low in calories and keep you filled, then get a smaller serving of your main course. Vegetarian choices are often healthier than meat-based starters, as long as they are not fried. Try to skip fattier toppings like mayo, sauces, cheese and creams.

Healthier Junk Food Options

Craving for unhealthy junk food stuff is real and powerful. Well, instead of struggling and fighting your cravings, just try to feed it with a healthier version. There are certain junk foods that are pretty good for you which include:

Popcorn baked or made at home with a drizzle of olive or vegetable oil is a source of good dietary fibre.

Ice-creams and Greek yoghurt  are great options loaded with calcium and protein.

Look for dark chocolate  bars that are 70% cocoa for your guilt-free indulgence for something sweet. Dark chocolates abound in antioxidants, protein and fibre.

Tortilla chips made from kale, greens are preferred choice versus traditional potato chips.

Sweet potato fries though has a high amount of carbs and calories, it is heaped with dietary fibre and a massive amount of vitamin A.

Snacking on one or two cubes of cheese   will offer you a boost of calcium and protein. It is a good idea to top up the cheese with fruit or nuts for that bonus vitamins.

Oatmeal cookies is one of the best bet for a healthful snack packed with fibre, calcium and iron.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is healthy and unhealthy food.

Healthy Food:

Healthy food refers to items that provide essential nutrients needed for the body's maintenance, growth, and overall well-being.

Unhealthy Food:

Unhealthy food often contains high calories, unhealthy fats, sugars, and salt, with little to no nutritional value. Excess intake of these foods can result in weight gain , micronutrient deficiencies, and increased risk of chronic diseases.

What Are 10 Unhealthy Foods?

Sodas, carbonated and sweetened beverages are high in sugar and calories with no nutritional benefits.

Foods high in fat, calories, and salt often contain harmful trans fats , such as potato chips and fried foods.

Hot dogs, meat patties and sausages are high in saturated fats, sodium , and preservatives.

Pastries and cakes contain sugar, unhealthy fats, and refined flour.

Ice-creams are high in sugar and fat.

Candy bars are loaded with sugar, calories, and unhealthy fats with little to no nutritional value.

Burgers, fried chicken, and pizza are heaped with calories, unhealthy fats, and sodium.

White Bread: Made from refined flour, lacking fibre and essential nutrients.

Difference Between Healthy Food And Junk Food?

Nutritional Content:

Healthy Food: Rich in essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, fibre, and antioxidants. Supports overall health and well-being.

Junk Food: Loaded with calories, unhealthy fats, sugars, and salt. It is also very low in macro and micronutrients.

Health Impact:

Healthy Food: Promotes good health, supports bodily functions, and reduces the risk of chronic diseases.

Junk Food: Overconsumption of junk food can lead to weight gain, nutritional deficiencies, and a higher risk of chronic diseases.


Healthy Food: Typically consists of whole, unprocessed ingredients like fruits, vegetables, whole grain cereals, and lean proteins.

Junk Food: Often contains artificial additives, preservatives, and high sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats.

What Are The 10 Most Healthy Foods?

 Spinach, kale, and moringa leaves are imbued with vitamins A, C, and K, as well as antioxidants.

All types of berries are good sources of fibre, vitamins, and antioxidants.

 Almonds, walnuts, and chia seeds offer healthy fats, protein, and fibre. Quinoa , brown rice, and millet are high in fibre, vitamins, and minerals.

 Salmon, mackerel, and sardines are good sources of healthy omega-3 fatty acids.

 Lentils, kidney beans, and chickpeas are excellent sources of protein, fibre, and iron.

Greek Yogurt: Rich in protein, probiotics, and calcium.

Sweet Potatoes: High in fibre, vitamins A and C, and antioxidants.

Why Is Junk Food Harmful?

Junk food lacks essential nutrients, leading to deficiencies that can impact overall health.

High in calories and unhealthy fats, junk food contributes to obesity and weight-related issues.

Regular consumption of junk food can elevate the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension.

Junk food often lacks fibre, leading to digestive problems such as constipation.

High sugar and fat content can make junk food addictive, leading to overeating and poor dietary habits.

Poor diet quality is linked to problems like depression and anxiety.

Junk food can affect children's growth, cognitive development, and academic performance.

  Conclusion :

Junk food are highly processed foods loaded with calories, sugar and fat, however, it is devoid of essential nutrients like fibre, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. It is believed to be a key factor in the obesity epidemic and a driving force in the development of chronic diseases. Moderation is the key mantra when it comes to food. The combination of fat and sugar make junk foods more addicting and easy to overdo. Relishing your favourite treat on occasional basis is a more realistic, healthful and sustainable approach for your health.


Junk Food in Schools and Childhood Obesity,Ashlesha Data corresponding author and Nancy Nicosia




The content provided here is for informational purposes only. This blog is not intended to substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider for any questions or concerns you may have regarding a medical condition. Reliance does not endorse or recommend any specific tests, physicians, procedures, opinions, or other information mentioned on the blog.

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junk food vs healthy food essay in english

Healthy Food vs. Junk Food

What's the difference.

Healthy food and junk food are two contrasting categories of food that have a significant impact on our overall health and well-being. Healthy food, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, is packed with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that nourish our bodies and support optimal functioning. It provides sustained energy, boosts the immune system, and helps maintain a healthy weight. On the other hand, junk food, including fast food, sugary snacks, and processed foods, is typically high in calories, unhealthy fats, and added sugars. It lacks essential nutrients and can lead to weight gain, increased risk of chronic diseases, and a decline in overall health. While healthy food promotes vitality and longevity, junk food can have detrimental effects on our physical and mental well-being.

Healthy Food

AttributeHealthy FoodJunk Food
Nutritional ValueHighLow
Calorie ContentLowHigh
Fat ContentLowHigh
Sugar ContentLowHigh
Fiber ContentHighLow
Vitamin ContentHighLow
Mineral ContentHighLow
Antioxidant ContentHighLow
Protein ContentHighLow
Processing LevelMinimalHigh

Junk Food

Further Detail


When it comes to our diet, the choices we make can have a significant impact on our overall health and well-being. The food we consume can be broadly categorized into two main types: healthy food and junk food. While healthy food provides essential nutrients and promotes good health, junk food is often high in calories, unhealthy fats, and added sugars. In this article, we will explore the attributes of both healthy food and junk food, highlighting the benefits and drawbacks of each.

Attributes of Healthy Food

Healthy food, as the name suggests, is packed with essential nutrients that our bodies need to function optimally. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products are all examples of healthy food choices. These foods are typically rich in vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants, which play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy immune system, reducing the risk of chronic diseases, and promoting overall well-being.

One of the key attributes of healthy food is its ability to provide sustained energy throughout the day. Whole grains, such as brown rice and quinoa, release energy slowly, keeping us feeling fuller for longer and preventing energy crashes. Additionally, healthy food is often low in unhealthy fats and added sugars, making it an excellent choice for weight management and reducing the risk of obesity-related conditions like heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Furthermore, healthy food is known to support brain health and cognitive function. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fatty fish like salmon and nuts like walnuts have been linked to improved memory and concentration. Antioxidant-rich foods like berries and leafy greens can also protect brain cells from damage caused by free radicals, potentially reducing the risk of age-related cognitive decline.

Lastly, healthy food choices are often associated with better mood and mental well-being. Research suggests that a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can lower the risk of depression and anxiety. These foods contain nutrients like folate, magnesium, and vitamins B6 and C, which are essential for the production of neurotransmitters that regulate mood.

Attributes of Junk Food

Junk food, on the other hand, is typically high in calories, unhealthy fats, and added sugars, while lacking essential nutrients. Fast food, sugary snacks, processed meats, and sugary beverages are all examples of junk food. While these foods may be convenient and tasty, they often come with several negative attributes that can harm our health.

One of the main drawbacks of junk food is its high calorie content. Consuming excessive calories without proper nutritional value can lead to weight gain and obesity. Junk food is often low in fiber, which means it fails to provide the feeling of fullness that healthy food offers. This can result in overeating and a higher risk of developing chronic conditions like heart disease, high blood pressure, and type 2 diabetes.

Moreover, junk food is typically high in unhealthy fats, particularly trans fats and saturated fats. These fats can raise cholesterol levels, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Additionally, many junk food options are heavily processed, containing artificial additives, preservatives, and high levels of sodium. Regular consumption of these additives has been linked to various health issues, including inflammation, digestive problems, and an increased risk of certain cancers.

Another attribute of junk food is its negative impact on dental health. Sugary snacks and beverages can contribute to tooth decay and cavities. The high sugar content in these foods provides a breeding ground for harmful bacteria in the mouth, leading to plaque formation and dental problems. Poor dental health can have broader implications on overall health, as it has been linked to cardiovascular disease and other systemic conditions.

Furthermore, junk food is often associated with mood swings and a lack of mental clarity. While these foods may provide a temporary feeling of pleasure, they can lead to energy crashes and a decrease in overall productivity. The high sugar content in junk food can cause blood sugar spikes and subsequent crashes, affecting mood stability and cognitive function.

Choosing between healthy food and junk food is a decision that can significantly impact our health and well-being. While healthy food provides essential nutrients, sustained energy, and numerous health benefits, junk food is often high in calories, unhealthy fats, and added sugars, leading to weight gain, chronic diseases, and a decline in overall health. By making conscious choices and prioritizing a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, we can take control of our health and enjoy the benefits of nourishing our bodies with the right foods.

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Healthy Food Essay

500+ words essay on healthy food.

Before starting your daily activity, you must have food. Food is essential for our body besides water. Eating healthy food gives you the required nutrients you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Your daily food should have carbohydrates, proteins, water, vitamins, fat and minerals. To keep ourselves fit, we need healthy food.

When we talk about our health, healthy food plays a crucial role. It helps preserve our health, and some nutrients renew the health of various organs. Besides, healthy food is always delicious and mouthwatering. Kids, nowadays, should eat healthy food more than ever. We must encourage kids to eat healthy food so that our future generations become healthy and fit.

We should speak more often about the harmful effects of unhealthy food and the positive impact of healthy food. In this way, we can teach our kids about eating healthy foods from an early age.

To keep our internal organs healthy, we should make a habit of eating healthy food. Unhealthy food welcomes life-threatening diseases like heart attack, high or low blood pressure, increased or decreased glucose level, etc. In today’s scenario, with so many changes around the world in terms of climate, pollution, etc., eating healthy food should be on our priority list.

Advantages of Eating Healthy Food

  • We get a solid and fit body by eating healthy and nutritious food.
  • Healthy food also gives the body physical strength; that way, one can go about their duties comfortably.
  • Eating healthy food gives good health, saving you from wasting time, money and resources seeking medical assistance and solutions.
  • By eating nutritious food, we can protect our bodies from getting serious diseases like diabetes, hypertension, elevated cholesterol, and so forth.
  • It also helps maintain our weight, and unhealthy food leads to obesity.
  • Likewise, healthy sustenance gives us a fit and fine body and smooth skin.
  • We never feel lazy in the wake of eating light and solid nourishment; instead, we feel dynamic and energetic.
  • Eating healthy food helps build the body and its immunity levels, enhancing the living standards one gets to enjoy.
  • It is one of the ways individuals enjoy life as they get to spend good time with friends and family.
  • Healthy food is, therefore, a principal requirement for the body.

Junk Food vs Healthy Food

In today’s scenario, consumption of junk food is increasing rapidly, due to which the fast-food market is also growing fast. Junk foods are easier to prepare and delicious. It became more accessible after the arrival of the food delivery apps. People can now sit at their homes and order junk food as per their choice.

But, unknowingly, we are compromising our health by having junk food. After eating it, you will feel more satisfied. Junk food leads to poor concentration and creates digestive problems as it contains less fibre, which causes indigestion.

Junk food also results in varying blood sugar levels because it contains less protein and carbohydrates. Consumption of junk food also increases levels of triglyceride and cholesterol.

When we talk about healthy food, it contains a plethora of nutrients. It keeps our bodies physically and mentally fit. It enhances our immune system and develops our brain functionality. If we are worried about our health, we should not consume processed food.

We know that junk food seems to be more appealing and tempting, but it comes at a very high price. Therefore, we should eat healthy food to live a longer and healthier life.

Conclusion of Healthy Food Essay

We can end the essay by stating that eating healthy food is our primary need. Eating healthy food is a simple way to increase the ease of the body and the happiness of the mind. Eating junk food will make our bodies weaker and have low immunity. So, it is essential to consume healthy food to maintain good health.

Students of the CBSE Board can get essays on different topics from BYJU’S website. They can visit our CBSE Essay page and learn more about essays.

Frequently Asked Questions on Healthy Food Essay

What are the negative impacts of junk food.

1. High sodium content 2. Excessive carb intake and cholesterol intake 3. Obesity and cardiac diseases

What are some of the healthy food items?

1. Fruits and vegetables 2. Foods with high fibre content  3.  Foods containing saturated fats 4. Foods with less salt and sugar

How to regulate our body with food intake?

1. Eat at regular intervals 2. Do not overeat or have junk food 3. Drink water and be hydrated

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Essay On Junk Food Vs Healthy Food For Students & Children In Simple English

  • September 12, 2021

junk food vs healthy food essay in english

In the modern world, children are exposed to a vast array of food options. This can be problematic because it leads to unhealthy diets and habits that may have long-term consequences.

The junk food vs healthy food essay is an essay on the topic of junk food vs. healthy food for students and children in simple English.

Healthy foods are those that include nutrients as well as a variety of vitamins, minerals, carbs, and fats, all of which are essential for our bodies to be fit and healthy.

Junk foods are meals that are manufactured and delivered more rapidly than traditional cuisines, and they are mostly mass-produced foods.

These junk meals, in comparison to the conventional foods that we prepare and consume at home, have a lower nutritional value.

We feel good and have energy when we eat a range of foods that include nutrients that preserve our health, and it is healthy eating that offers necessary minerals and nutrients, since nutrition is extremely important for our bodies.

The Importance Of Eating Well


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We should follow a proper diet because everyone should be able to keep their body fit and healthy, and as a result, good and nutritional food should always be used in their diet, for example, potato bread eggs meat fishes are some of the foodstuffs that give energy to our bodies and keep them healthy and fit, and this diet should be followed on a regular basis by people.

Vegetables should always be cooked thoroughly and consumed fresh. Eating a variety of fruits and nuts also provides nutritious value to our bodies.

While dieting, everyone should have a well-balanced breakfast with appropriate eatings, followed by lunch and supper, and all of this should be done with excellent food.


Although junk foods have a superior flavor to other meals, they have a number of negative health consequences, including a rise in body fat or cholesterol, as well as a number of cancer illnesses and obesity when consumed on a regular basis.

Fast food, such as Subway Burgers and Pizza, are delicious to consume, but they are bad for our digestion and may cause a variety of digestive issues.

People with internal bodily issues should stay away from fast food. This kind of cuisine contains ingredients that raise the body’s calorie level, making youngsters obese and causing a variety of health problems.

Not only should individuals who are on a diet avoid pizza burgers, but they should also avoid sugary beverages and goods. These meals are harmful to the body and should be avoided by everyone, not just dietitians.

Our diet should always be a proper diet in which all of the things that give energy to our body are included, and most people should avoid these junk foods as they harm the body. There are many trends among the youth of eating junk food, and as a result, some people are harmed as a result of this. People should eat these types of food once a month and mostly avoid these types of food.

If you have any more questions about Essay Junk Food Vs Healthy Food, please leave them in the comments section below.

The healthy food vs junk food essay for class 1 is an essay that discusses the differences between healthy and junk food.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is junk food better than healthy food.

Junk food is better than healthy food because it tastes better.

What is the difference between healthy food and unhealthy food?

Healthy food is any food that can be eaten in moderation. Unhealthy food is any food that should only be eaten occasionally, or not at all.

What is junk food and healthy food?

Junk food is something that is high in sugar, fat, and salt. Its not good for you or your body. Healthy food is something that has a low amount of sugar, fat, and salt. Its good for your body and keeps you healthy.

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Healthy Food Vs Junk Food: A Guide

Nov 28, 2023

One of the most significant aspects of our pursuit of better health is our nutrition . Our eating decisions have a significant impact on our overall health. In the modern world, many people face a daily battle between healthy eating and junk food - and rightly so. 

While delectable-looking junk food may satisfy your hunger for a sizzling minute, including nutritious food is vital for a healthy existence.

What is Healthy Food?

Healthy food is defined as food that contains vital nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that promote general well-being.

What is Healthy Food?

Fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and nuts are examples of natural and unprocessed foods.

They have little to no saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, or added sweeteners.

What is Junk Food?

Junk food, on the other hand, has a high-calorie count but minimal nutritious benefits.

What is Junk Food?

It is frequently overly processed, with high levels of harmful fats, carbohydrates, salt, and artificial additives.

Fast food, sugary snacks, and fizzy beverages are common examples.

Healthy Vs. junk food: The differences

Healthy Vs. junk food

1. Nutrient Density

One of the key distinctions between healthy and junk food is nutrient density. Nutrient-dense foods have a higher concentration of important elements per calorie.

Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are nutrient-dense foods that include vitamins , minerals, fiber, and antioxidants.

Junk food, on the contrary, is high in calories but low in nutrients. French fries, candy bars, and sugary drinks are heavy in calories but low in the nutrients our body requires to thrive.

2. The Role of Macronutrients

Macronutrients, which include carbs, lipids, and proteins, are essential components of human meals. Whole grains, lean meats, and fish are examples of healthy dietary choices that provide the proper macronutrient balance.

They provide vital amino acids, healthy fats, and complex carbs to keep energy levels stable and biological functions running smoothly. Nutrient-dense food also boosts brain power.

Junk food is well-known for containing excessive amounts of harmful fats, processed sugars, and simple carbohydrates. When consumed in excess, these substances can cause weight gain, diabetes, heart issues , and other chronic health problems.

Why is healthy food better than junk food?

Why is healthy food better than junk food?

1. Weight Management

A well-balanced diet rich in nutritious foods can help with weight management and lower the risk of obesity. Nutrient-dense foods boost satisfaction and give long-lasting energy, making calorie control easier.

Regular eating of junk food, on the other hand, might lead to weight gain due to its high caloric content and lack of satiety. These meals frequently promote overeating and cravings, which makes it difficult to keep a healthy weight.

2. Heart Health

By lowering the risk of heart disease, wholesome meals like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are known to help maintain heart health . They have minimal levels of cholesterol and saturated fats, which can clog arteries and raise blood pressure.

Junk food can cause heart issues, particularly if it contains a lot of trans fats and salt. These foods can elevate "bad" LDL cholesterol levels and boost the risk of cardiovascular illnesses when consumed often.

3. Blood Sugar Control

Steady blood sugar levels are important to maintain overall health. Legumes, whole grains, and leafy greens are examples of healthy foods with low glycemic index that help control blood sugar levels.

Junk food, particularly sugary snacks and drinks, can cause blood sugar levels to quickly rise and fall. Over time, the rollercoaster effect may be a factor in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes .

What Are The Benefits Of Eating Healthy?

1. mood and mental health.

Our mood and mental health can be significantly impacted by the things we eat. Antioxidants, vitamins, and foods high in omega-3 fatty acids help enhance brain function and lower the risk of mental illnesses including depression and anxiety .

On the other hand, junk food is frequently connected to mood changes and a raised risk of mental health concerns. The neurotransmitters in the brain and brain function can be significantly impacted by a diet high in processed meals and sugary snacks.

2. Addictive Nature of Junk Food

Junk food can be addicting due to its high levels of sugar, salt, and fat. These components stimulate the reward centers in the brain, resulting in cravings and overeating.

Maintaining a balanced diet can prove tough due to the addicting qualities of junk food.

3. Food and Stress

Stress often leads to emotional eating and junk food is frequently the choice to go with during moments of high stress. While these comfort foods can provide momentary solace, they do not deal with the underlying causes of stress and might set off a vicious cycle of unhealthy eating patterns.

What Are The Benefits Of Eating Healthy?

Easy Ways To Stop Eating Junk Food

Create a meal plan that includes a variety of nutrient-dense foods, making it easier to stick to a healthy eating pattern.

Pay attention to food labels when shopping. Look for products with fewer added sugars, lower sodium content, and minimal unhealthy fats.

Making your meals at home allows you to have more control over the choice of ingredients and methods of cooking. 

Choose healthier snack options such as fruit, yogurt, or nuts. 

Easy Ways To Stop Eating Junk Food

Drink plenty of water throughout the day to stay hydrated and help control hunger. Limit sugary drinks and opt for infused water instead.

It's okay to enjoy junk food occasionally, but practice moderation. Allow yourself an occasional treat without overindulging.

List of Healthy Food

List of Healthy Food

List of Junk Food

List of Junk Food

The battle between healthy food and junk food is an ongoing struggle for many individuals. Making the right choices for your health can be challenging, but the benefits are undeniable. Connect with a primary care physician from Access Health Care Physicians to learn more about healthy eating and prioritizing nutrient-dense foods.

The key is to maintain a balanced and sustainable approach to eating that supports your long-term health goals. 

Frequently Asked Questions

It's important to read nutrition labels in order to determine whether an item is healthy or not. These labels list every nutrient present in a single serving of a food, including fats, proteins, and carbs.

Yes, according to studies, a nutritious diet can make you happier and positively impact your mental health.

Anything in excess is harmful to our bodies. When indulging in junk food, moderation is key.

Studies have shown that junk food can have detrimental effects on brain health and lead to cognitive impairment.

Fish, leafy greens such as kale and spinach, almonds, peanut butter, and quinoa are some of the healthiest foods.


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Essay on Junk Food

Essay On Junk Food

Food is the necessity of all living beings. We will die if we do not have a meal. Having food is sufficient to live but to live a healthy life we should have a proper meal. A healthy meal leads to a healthy mind and healthy living. We always choose good things for us but when it comes to food, we get attracted towards unhealthy food. People should not forget that health is wealth. Therefore, one should always prefer health over everything.

Short and Long Junk Food Essay in English

Here, I’m presenting a long essay on Junk Food. This essay would be helpful for students of all classes, especially kids. It will also be helpful to know the harmful effects of junk food.

10 Lines Essay on Junk Food (100 – 120 Words)

1) The foods that have high calories and low nutrition value are considered Junk foods.

2) The word ‘junk’ depicts harmful or unhealthy food.

3) Snack, soda, cake, processed food, etc belong to the category of junk food.

4) Junk foods are harmful to our bodies and health.

5) Increased weight, mental issues, depression, etc are other harmful effects of junk food.

6) Junk foods are popular due to their cheap prices and easy availability.

7) Children and youngsters are the main targets of junk food.

8) Fast foods, directly and indirectly, lead to diseases like high blood pressure, heart disease, cancer, etc.

9) Working women mostly prefer junk and fast food over healthy food to save time.

10) Various countries have taken several steps to regulate and control junk food.

Short Essay on Junk Food (200 – 250 Words)

Junk foods are foods that are rich in calories but lacking in nutrients. They are not healthy for our bodies. They take more time to digest and are bad for both our physical and mental health. Junk foods do not feed your hunger, you will always feel hungry and end up having more and more unhealthy food.

Obesity is the synonym of junk food. They have high amounts of sugar quantity and thus contribute lots of fat to our body. Children may suffer from increasing weight, inadequate growth, depression, and so on due to over consumption of junk foods. However, junk food invites lots of diseases like hypertension, cancer, heart-related issues, diabetes, etc.

We all know that a balanced diet is what our body needs to work properly but due to many reasons, we are attracted to junk food. Junk foods are easy and quick to prepare. In addition to being affordable, they are easily available in the market. Therefore, people who don’t have time or don’t want to cook, easily step into junk food. Packaged foods, unhealthy chips, cokes, sodas, pastries, pizzas, noodles, most of the fast foods, etc come in the category of junk food.

If you don’t want to fall sick frequently, try having healthy food instead of junk food. They only look delicious but actually do not contain the adequate amount of nutrition value that a healthy body requires.

Long Essay on Junk Food and Its Harmful Effects (1500 Words)


Today’s generation is influenced by junk food. They mostly prefer chips and cokes over a healthy diet like sprouts and milk. Junk food is replacing healthy food. But they are unaware of the upcoming consequences they are going to face in the future.

Sometimes people consider junk food as fast food, but both these terms are different from each other. Fast food is the name given to the time of making the food. As they can be prepared quickly. However, some fast foods come in the category of junk food as they are unhealthy but not all fast foods are junk food.

What Is Junk Food?

In many terms, the word Junk is used for garbage or things with little value. In the case of food, this word depicts unhealthy. Junk food is the category of food and drinks which contains high calories and low nutrition values. Most of the junk foods are snacks and fast foods.

Junk foods are unhealthy as they contain high fat and sugar. Therefore, HFSS (High in fat, salt, and sugar) is another name given to junk foods. Junk foods are usually processed food that leads to various health-related issues. However, junk food will not affect the body if consumed in a moderate amount.

Examples Of Junk Food

Today, several junk foods are flooding the market. Some of the junk foods, mainly preferred by the youngster are given below:

  • Snacks like potato chips, nachos, French fries, etc.
  • Sugary drinks like coke and soda.
  • Cake and pastries.
  • Some type of fast food.
  • Processed food.
  • Pizza and burgers.

Junk Food Consequences/ Disadvantages/ Side Effects

Junk food lacks essential nutrients like carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, minerals, etc. Apart from low nourishment they also have various side effects.

  • Feel Empty: Eating fast food makes you feel hungry. Junk food has low satiation value which leads to an over intake of unhealthy food. This takes the place of healthy food and leads to various diseases.
  • Mental Issue Like Depression: Fast food contains ingredients that raise various mental issues. It also generates violent behavior among teenagers. Depression is one of the most common issues among youngsters.
  • Inadequate Growth And Development: For proper growth and development of mind and body, a proper balanced diet is necessary. But today teenagers at the time of their development are approaching junk food which is harmful to them.
  • Increase Weight: The major problem teenagers and youngsters are facing today is increasing weight. Everyone is well aware of the consequences of increased weight.
  • Promote Acne Skin-Related Issues: Apart from various health issues, junk foods are also responsible for promoting acne and other skin-related issues.

Junk Food Diseases/ Health Issues

Over intake of junk food and fast food of some type may lead to various health-related issues. Some of the major diseases caused due to them are as follows:

  • Obesity: The most common health issue due to junk food is obesity. Sitting for a long time and having junk food will lead to an excess amount of calories than required in our body. This fat will also lead to other health-related issues.
  • Hypertension: We all know that junk food contains an extra amount of salt and sugar. The extreme intake of salt that is sodium is responsible for high blood pressure or hypertension.
  • Atherosclerosis: The high cholesterol level in the body chokes the artery due to which the flow of blood and oxygen is disturbed. This could result in clogged arteries or atherosclerosis.
  • Cancer: Consuming junk food is not directly responsible for causing cancer. However, the various health issues caused by it may constitute a condition that may high the risk of diseases like cancer.
  • Heart Disease: Increased saturated fat, cholesterol, calories, etc will lead to heart related issues in our body.
  • Diabetes Type 2: The various disorders caused due to intake of junk food like obesity, high blood pressure, tension, overweight, etc weaken the insulin production in our body, therefore, increase the chances of type 2 diabetes.

Junk Food Vs Healthy Food

Healthy foods are foods loaded with high nutrition values. They are foods rich in vitamins and minerals which are necessary for a healthy life. It helps to keep you healthy. On the other hand, junk foods are processed food that is harmful to our health.

Natural foods have low calories and saturated fat. They are the major source of energy, which is required to carry out our daily work. Opposing these, junk foods lack energy and are filled with high calories and fat. This results in gaining weight and obesity.

Many people prefer fast food due to its cheap prices over fresh food. But saving money on food and later suffering from serious disease is not a sign of a sensible human. Better you should opt for a healthy living instead of chasing money.

Why Is Junk Food So Popular?

There are multiple reasons why people mostly prefer junk foods over healthy food. One of the most common reasons is availability. Junk foods are easily available in shops and restaurants. Another reason is the cheap price of junk foods. The prices of junk foods are less expensive than healthy foods like fruits and vegetables. Therefore, people mostly prefer these unhealthy foods to save money.

Fast food comes with a variety of flavors which makes them tasty. It is available in different shapes and sizes to grab children’s attention. The packaging is done in such a way that attracts people especially youngsters.

Junk food is convenient to cook, no extra preparation is required. People, who do not know cooking, find it as an easy way to feed the hunger. Junk foods become a part of the life of women who are working or who do not get time to cook food from their busy schedules.

Measures To Control The Intake

Junk foods are very addictive and hence it is quite tough to quit their intake in one day. Some measures that can be taken at an individual level to control the harmful effect of junk food are mentioned below.

People always used to have fast food when in a hurry. You can opt for fast food containing higher nutrients instead of that having unsaturated fat. Choosing the right food when away from home would help to a great extent like always prefer food with low sugar in it.

Today pizza is the first choice of every kid. Therefore, making pizza with multi-grains with healthy vegetable toppings will be a good option to replace junk foods with healthy foods. Another healthy option is choosing fruit juice and green tea over other unhealthy beverages. Having junk food in a minimum restricted amount would not be harmful to the body.

Steps Taken By Government To Control Over Intake Of Junk Food

By seeing the consequences and health-related issues among people due to junk food, many countries have taken steps to control the over intake.

  • Sin Tax: Sin tax is a type of tax that is imposed on items that are considered harmful for an individual as well as society. The government has implemented this tax to reduce the overtake of junk foods from society. Many countries like Mexico, Hungary, Denmark, Norway, etc have imposed food taxes.
  • Ban The Sale To Children: Another major step is taken by the government in some states of Mexico. They have banned the sale of junk and unhealthy food to minors.
  • Stop Advertising: According to a survey, advertising is a major reason for increasing the consumption of junk foods among youngsters. The UK committee proposed to ban advertisements with cartoon characters promoting unhealthy foods.

Having junk foods occasionally would not affect the health but replacing a healthy diet and having junk food in our regular diet is not acceptable. It is high time when the Government of every country should make some guidelines regarding junk food. Rules and restrictions should be made to regulate healthy food supply. People should be made aware of its harmful effect. A healthy population will lead to the healthy growth of the country.

I expect the above-given essay on Junk Food will be helpful for you to know what exactly junk food is. I also request all the young generations to take a properly balanced diet instead of having excess junk food.

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FAQs: Frequently Asked Question on Junk Food

Ans. No, not all fast foods are considered junk food. For example, salad is fast food with high nutrient value.

Ans. Fast food begins in Britain with the first fish and chips shop, which opened in the 1860s.

Ans. Junk food like dark chocolates is considered good for health when taken in moderate quantities.

Ans. The first fast-food restaurant was White Castle, founded in 1921.

Ans. The United States is the largest consumer of fast food.

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Healthy Food Essay for Students and Children

500+ words essay on healthy food.

Healthy food refers to food that contains the right amount of nutrients to keep our body fit. We need healthy food to keep ourselves fit.

Furthermore, healthy food is also very delicious as opposed to popular thinking. Nowadays, kids need to eat healthy food more than ever. We must encourage good eating habits so that our future generations will be healthy and fit.

Most importantly, the harmful effects of junk food and the positive impact of healthy food must be stressed upon. People should teach kids from an early age about the same.

Healthy Food Essay

Benefits of Healthy Food

Healthy food does not have merely one but numerous benefits. It helps us in various spheres of life. Healthy food does not only impact our physical health but mental health too.

When we intake healthy fruits and vegetables that are full of nutrients, we reduce the chances of diseases. For instance, green vegetables help us to maintain strength and vigor. In addition, certain healthy food items keep away long-term illnesses like diabetes and blood pressure.

Similarly, obesity is the biggest problems our country is facing now. People are falling prey to obesity faster than expected. However, this can still be controlled. Obese people usually indulge in a lot of junk food. The junk food contains sugar, salt fats and more which contribute to obesity. Healthy food can help you get rid of all this as it does not contain harmful things.

In addition, healthy food also helps you save money. It is much cheaper in comparison to junk food. Plus all that goes into the preparation of healthy food is also of low cost. Thus, you will be saving a great amount when you only consume healthy food.

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Junk food vs Healthy Food

If we look at the scenario today, we see how the fast-food market is increasing at a rapid rate. With the onset of food delivery apps and more, people now like having junk food more. In addition, junk food is also tastier and easier to prepare.

However, just to satisfy our taste buds we are risking our health. You may feel more satisfied after having junk food but that is just the feeling of fullness and nothing else. Consumption of junk food leads to poor concentration. Moreover, you may also get digestive problems as junk food does not have fiber which helps indigestion.

Similarly, irregularity of blood sugar levels happens because of junk food. It is so because it contains fewer carbohydrates and protein . Also, junk food increases levels of cholesterol and triglyceride.

On the other hand, healthy food contains a plethora of nutrients. It not only keeps your body healthy but also your mind and soul. It increases our brain’s functionality. Plus, it enhances our immunity system . Intake of whole foods with minimum or no processing is the finest for one’s health.

In short, we must recognize that though junk food may seem more tempting and appealing, it comes with a great cost. A cost which is very hard to pay. Therefore, we all must have healthy foods and strive for a longer and healthier life.

FAQs on Healthy Food

Q.1 How does healthy food benefit us?

A.1 Healthy Benefit has a lot of benefits. It keeps us healthy and fit. Moreover, it keeps away diseases like diabetes, blood pressure, cholesterol and many more. Healthy food also helps in fighting obesity and heart diseases.

Q.2 Why is junk food harmful?

A.2 Junk food is very harmful to our bodies. It contains high amounts of sugar, salt, fats, oils and more which makes us unhealthy. It also causes a lot of problems like obesity and high blood pressure. Therefore, we must not have junk food more and encourage healthy eating habits.

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  • Speech on Junk Food



Over the years, the intake of junk food among the young age groups has only increased. Adolescents especially are the ones who are on the margin of high consumption of junk food. Any type of food that has more harmful ingredients like less nutrition-rich food is considered to be junk. Junk food according to research has shown that when regularly consumed it can cause severe damage to the health of an individual. In this article Speech On Harmful effects of junk food and speech on health hazards of junk food is discussed to help you get a better understanding of different ways of speech writing on junk food. The much-relished fast foods also fall under the umbrella of junk food. And to keep healthy one must keep at bay from such food. Different ways to deliver this message can be a long speech on avoiding junk food or a short speech on saying no to junk food.

Long and Short Speech on Junk Food 

Long speech on junk food.

This form of the long speech on junk food is extremely helpful for students in grades 8-12 who are assigned to deliver a 5-minute speech. 

Good morning to everyone present here, respected Principal, teachers, and my dear friends, I am Abc (mention your name) here to speak about a topic we know of but not entirely that is junk food. Yes, aren’t we all aware of the delicious junk food. In fact, we eat more junk food than healthy food without realizing what the consequences will be. 

Before going ahead let me ask you all a question about your breakfast habits. Do you actually take the time to consider what you eat as the most important meal like having fruits, toast, idli, dosa, etc or do you just buy something like a heavy cheesy sandwich from our canteens? I am certain we all act according to our convenience without considering the effects on our health.

It is indeed the changing times that we have been totally neglectful towards what we put into our bodies. Especially in metropolitan cities and towns where there is a surplus of junk food available it is more likely that everyone will consume it more. The main reason for it being so much in demand is because of its cheap price which is the perfect fit for teenagers and youngsters for the affordability of these products. 

Another main reason apart from being available for affordable prices is its delicious taste. Because of this very reason, it has more repeat value for the young kids and they seem to form an addiction to such kinds of foods. The other attracting quality of this junk food is that it is readily available at all times. Be it on the streets or now even in fast-food restaurants. So people find it extremely convenient to either eat on-site or even take away because it takes very little time to prepare.  

Junk in itself means waste and junk food also contains all the waste and unwanted additives and ingredients with high calories because of fat and sugar that is added in abundance. It also lacks everything good that is required for the body to function properly as the proper quantity of protein, fibers, vitamins, and minerals. It also contains trans-fats that are truly damaging in the long term and even in the short term period. 

These full of fats junk foods are, fried chicken, pizza, burger, noodles, pasta, hot dogs, potato chips like lays, puffcorn, popcorn, doughnuts, french fries, icecreams, tacos, cookies, and pancakes and as I mention this I am fully aware that there are many of our favorite food items in these. And while one can enjoy these once in a while and should not be consumed regularly. This is because it can lead to obesity, which will hamper appetite and digestion. 

And eventually lead to lethargy, inactive lifestyle, and depression. All of this in no way sounds kind to the children’s growth and development. Even though there are many KFC outlets and pizza outlets we must keep in mind that we are what we eat and avoid visiting such restaurants that serve so much junk food. Instead, go for fruits and vegetable vendors and exercise into a healthy lifestyle and healthy body. These small changes can lead to so many beneficial outcomes and we must start immediately. Start living a good life and stay healthy.

Short Speech on Junk Food

This kind of speech on junk food is short and hence can be extremely beneficial for students in grades 4-8 who can deliver a simple speech and cover all the important points.

Good morning all, respected Principal, teachers, and my dear friends today I am here to speak on the topic of junk food. Junk food is termed junk food because all the components in it are waste, unhealthy and unimportant. These components are oil, trans fats instead of the good omega fats, sugar, fats, calories, minimal to no proteins, and fibers. 

Even with so many problems, the endorsement of it is very alluring. Junk food, mostly fast foods, are easily available on the streets. It is charged at a reasonable price so even the young ones are buying without any issues and since it is also delicious it is very appealing. 

We learn the components that have to be consumed for a healthy body and the food chart clearly mentions consuming less of all the components that are abundantly present in junk food. Yet we keep falling prey to such false advertisements of burgers, biryanis, pizzas, pasta, chips, and noodles.  

The problem with all of this is not the availability of it and the accessibility of the junk food; it is how regularly the choice of eating such unhealthy food is being made instead of the good homemade and fine food.

Our health is in our own hands, and we can make the choice to either destroy it or conserve and preserve it to live a long and healthy life. Let us all make this choice sooner rather than later so we do not regret our decisions when we have diabetes, obesity, depression, heart diseases, cholesterol early in our lives. The time is now to make healthy choices and let us pledge to do so by avoiding harmful foods that damage our health and body.

Thank you.  

10 Lines Speech on Junk Food

This is a short speech on saying no to junk food especially helpful for the students in grades 1-3 highlighting the harmful effects of junk food.

The cause of the rising obesity and a lethargic lifestyle among teenagers and the youth is the heavy consumption of junk food. 

The components of junk food are very harmful and lead to serious illnesses.

It is not body-friendly and causes an increase in fat levels of the body, which leads to cholesterol, blood pressure, heart diseases, obesity, and depression.

Such foods even though delicious are damaging. And the deliciousness can be appealing to the tongue since everyone seems to relish its taste but not to the body and its functions. 

Certain types of junk foods are chips, fried foods like deep-fried samosa, fried chicken, noodles, pasta, burgers, french fries, etc.

They have trans-fats and an immense quantity of oil, and sugar that is very difficult to digest.

It has no proteins, fibers, good minerals, and vitamins.

It hampers the digestive system by destroying the digestive juices and thus reducing the metabolism.

With so many problems children suffer from a lack of growth and development and start leading a lethargic and inactive life.

Hence one must say no to junk food and yes to healthy dietary foods that keep us safe and help us live longer. And one must encourage others to opt for such healthy lifestyle changes as well.

Intake of junk food is very harmful to one’s health. We all know that. It has always been an issue. But, with the passage of time, it has become more of a bigger issue. This is due to the fact that the consumption of such foods has witnessed tremendous growth. And the big part of the statistics is that more and more teens and adolescents have been consuming them in increased amounts every year. There are many studies that have some very thought-provoking statistics. 

Importance of a Speech on Junk Food

Various studies show the very consequences that have surfaced after so much consumption of junk food. As a result, it is a very important topic for schools to discuss with the students. And what better way to do that than with a speech from a fellow student?

Yes, many schools have been leaning towards the idea of starting a conversation with their students on the topic of the extreme consumption of junk food. Their fellow classmates, then not only listen to it but also pay attention to it. With accessibility to Junk Food in almost every corner of the city and on every road, it is hard to be ignored. And hence, it is significant that the students are educated in this area so as to lead a healthy lifestyle.


FAQs on Speech on Junk Food

1. How frequently should one have junk food?

It is advised by various healthcare experts and doctors for one to not have junk food regularly. One can go on consuming it in moderation, once or twice a week, but not more than that. But regular consumption can be bad for one’s health. One must also ensure to replace their junk food with substitutes that are healthy instead. Experts also claim that with the decreased rate of consumption of junk food, one can stay healthy for longer. This will also help them with preventing various diseases, which may happen now or later in their life.

2. What should a speech on junk food contain?

Promoting a healthy diet via a speech on junk food might be easy. All one has to do is speak a bunch of words about how junk food is bad for their health. However, the case with such a speech is that it is focussed more on the facts about junk food. What one needs to do is provide a proper solution to the problem. With that kept in mind, one can showcase the health effects of a balanced diet. They can count a few substitutes that can be used or much healthier counterparts that can be consumed instead of junk food. They can also give advice on how healthy food can also be made tasty with the help of some spices.

3. How can one promote having a healthy diet in a speech on junk food?

4. Where can I get more information about how to give a speech on junk food?

A speech on junk food for students is something that is pretty easy. However, it is the delivering part of the speech that might get tricky. In such a case, one can always ask their teacher for help. Another one who can come to their rescue is Vedantu, where they can easily get so many pointers that can help them nail their speech. From a short speech to a long speech, Vedantu helps the students with giving their best speech in English.

5. Who can guide the students to give a speech on junk food in English?

Students who are about to give a speech require some much-needed guidance when it comes to delivering a speech. With such a task, a teacher can act as their mentor, their guide and help them do the deed with confidence. They can help the students at every stage, from preparing the speech with the help of Vedantu to rehearsing their enunciation of words. The students must be well in terms of the language they are giving the speech in as well, in this case, it is English.

Home — Essay Samples — Nursing & Health — Nutrition & Dieting — Junk Food

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Essays on Junk Food

The importance of writing an essay on junk food.

Writing an essay on junk food is important because it allows us to explore and understand the negative effects of consuming unhealthy foods. Junk food has become a widespread issue in today's society, and writing about it can help raise awareness and promote healthier eating habits.

When writing an essay on junk food, it's important to research and include factual information about the harmful effects of consuming these types of foods. This can include discussing the high levels of sugar, fat, and sodium found in junk food, as well as the impact it has on our overall health and well-being.

Additionally, it's crucial to address the societal and environmental implications of junk food consumption. This can involve discussing the marketing tactics used to promote these products, as well as the impact on our planet due to excessive packaging and waste.

To effectively convey the message in your essay, it's important to use a clear and persuasive writing style. This can involve using strong evidence and examples to support your arguments, as well as engaging the reader with a compelling and .

Overall, writing an essay on junk food is important because it allows us to shed light on the negative effects of consuming these foods and encourages individuals to make healthier choices for themselves and the environment.

  • The Impact of Junk Food on Health

Junk food has long been associated with negative health effects, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. This essay will explore the various ways in which junk food can negatively impact our health, and discuss potential solutions for reducing its consumption.

  • The Role of Advertising in Promoting Junk Food

Advertising plays a significant role in promoting junk food to consumers, especially to children. This essay will examine the tactics used by advertisers to market junk food, and discuss the ethical implications of targeting vulnerable populations.

  • The Influence of Junk Food on Children's Eating Habits

Children are particularly susceptible to the allure of junk food, which can have long-term consequences for their health. This essay will explore the ways in which junk food influences children's eating habits, and discuss strategies for promoting healthier choices.

  • The Economics of Junk Food

Junk food is often cheaper and more readily available than healthier alternatives, making it a popular choice for many consumers. This essay will examine the economic factors that contribute to the prevalence of junk food, and discuss potential solutions for making healthy options more accessible.

  • The Cultural Significance of Junk Food

Junk food has become deeply ingrained in modern culture, with many iconic brands and products becoming synonymous with American cuisine. This essay will explore the cultural significance of junk food, and discuss the ways in which it has shaped our culinary landscape.

  • The Environmental Impact of Junk Food Packaging

The production and disposal of junk food packaging can have significant environmental consequences, contributing to pollution and waste. This essay will examine the environmental impact of junk food packaging, and discuss potential solutions for reducing its footprint.

  • The Psychology of Cravings for Junk Food

Many people experience intense cravings for junk food, which can be difficult to resist. This essay will explore the psychology behind these cravings, and discuss strategies for overcoming them and making healthier choices.

  • The Role of Government Regulation in Limiting Junk Food Consumption

Government regulations can play a crucial role in limiting the consumption of junk food, through measures such as bans on advertising to children and restrictions on the sale of unhealthy products. This essay will examine the impact of government regulation on junk food consumption, and discuss the potential benefits and drawbacks of such policies.

  • The Ethics of Junk Food Consumption

Consuming junk food raises ethical questions about personal responsibility, corporate accountability, and societal well-being. This essay will explore the ethical implications of junk food consumption, and discuss potential solutions for addressing these concerns.

  • The Future of Junk Food

As our understanding of nutrition and health continues to evolve, the future of junk food is uncertain. This essay will explore potential trends and developments in the junk food industry, and discuss the ways in which our attitudes and behaviors toward junk food may change in the years to come.

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junk food vs healthy food essay in english

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Essay on Junk Food for Children and Students – Infinity Learn

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Table of Contents

Essay on Junk Food: Junk food is an informal term for food that is of little nutritional value and is often high in calories, fat, sugar, and salt. It can include fast food, processed snacks, and sugary drinks. Junk food is often convenient and easy to eat, but it is not always healthy. It is generally considered to be unhealthy food that is high in calories but low in nutrients.

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Junk food has been linked to a number of health problems, including obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. Some experts believe that the high levels of sugar, fat, and salt in junk food can lead to cravings and overeating.

Essay on junk food is a common topic given to the school students during essay writing competition in order to make them aware about junk food. Here we have given some easy and simple junk food essay which you can chose according to your need of words limit.

Long and Short Essay on Junk Food in English

Junk food essay 100 words.

Good health is the necessity of living a healthy life for every one of us which needs to maintain a healthy diet and healthy habits throughout the life. However, the custom of eating junk food in many is increasing day by day and making our future sad and diseased especially our future generations. Parents should be very conscious towards the eating habits of their kids and children because in the childhood they never know and decide their good or bad so it is parents who are fully responsible for the good or bad eating habits among their kids. They should train their kids about eating habits from childhood and make them clear about the differences between healthy and junk foods.

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Junk Food Essay 150 words

Generally, junk foods look so attractive and yummy for the people of every age group. However, it is very true that they are so coarse from inside. What they look from outside never become from inside. Junk foods are never considered healthy to the health, they have been proved unhealthy in all ways. Junk foods are unfit to the health and one who practice to eat junk foods calls so many disorders to his/her health. It may cause heart diseases, cancer, early ageing, high blood pressure, bone problems, diabetes, mental disorders, liver disorders, digestive system problems, constipation, diarrhoea, heart attack, prostate and breast cancer, osteoporosis, and so many health disorders.

According to the research, it is found that puberty is the most sensitive age during which one should practice healthy eating habits because during this age there are many changes occur in the body to prepare one to enter to the adult age group.

Junk Food Essay 200 words

The term junk food means a food do not good to the body health in anyway. It is less nutritional and harmful to the body systems. Most of junk foods contain high level of saturated fats, sugar, salt and bad cholesterol which are toxin to the health. They become lack of dietary fibers so easily get involve in causing constipation and other digestive disorders.

Essay on Unhealthy Food. Unhealthy food refers to heavily processed and refined food products. It’s typically less nutritious than natural, whole foods. Unhealthy food is often linked to weight gain and can lead to significant health problems, especially in kids, including the risk of developing conditions like diabetes.

Junk foods have gained so much popularity because of the nice taste and easy to cook. There are many readymade junk foods available in the market packed in the polybags. Most of the people are depend on such readymade foods because of their busy schedule or they do not know to cook food at home.

The consumption of junk food all over the world is increasing day by day which is not good for the future. People of all age groups like to eat junk food and they generally chose to eat whenever they enjoy special time with family like birthday party, marriage anniversary, etc. They easily become used to of taking soft drinks, wafers, chips, noodles, burgers, pizza, french fries, Chinese dishes, and other varieties of fast food available in the market.

Junk Food Essay 250 words

As we all know the truth about junk foods and it needs no introduction. However, it is a most interesting question that why everyone likes to eat junk foods even after knowing its truth. Nowadays every one of us is enjoying well the taste of junk food because it is delicious, affordable and readily available. Junk foods have no nutritional value and essential ingredients required for the health. I t is very harmful to the health if consumed on regular basis. It causes a spike in body energy level and creates sleeping disorders. It reduces level of concentration and calls to chronic diseases such as obesity, hormonal imbalances, heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, etc.

Junk foods become very oily and lack of dietary fibers thus they are hard to digest and require more energy to perform the process from body and make a person lack of oxygen level in the body which lead towards improper brain functioning. Junk foods are high in bad cholesterol and cause heart and liver damage. Because of lack of dietary fibers they cause strain to the stomach and other digestive organs and result in constipation.

Junk foods are always harmful to the heath and deteriorate the health condition if taken on regular basis without providing any health benefits. We should avoid eating junk foods in order to enjoy the good health and happy life all through the life.

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Junk Food Essay 300 words

The word junk food speaks itself a lot and indicates its harmful nature to the health. Junk foods are trash food to the health because they are high in calorie, fat, cholesterol, sugar and salt components. Nowadays kids and teenagers are more prone to eat junk foods daily in bulk amount. They are leading their lives towards danger through their unhealthy lifestyle. They generally eat chips, french fries, cracks, snack, chawmin, burger, pizza, pasta, and other junk foods whenever they feel hungry. No junk foods are beneficial and provide no nutritional value.

It affects the health in all ways of the people of any age group, weight and health condition. Junk foods are considered as high in calories however one who eat end up easily getting exhausted and need more food frequently. Junk food does not provide appropriate level of energy thus the eater develop tendencies of craving more food frequently.

What we generally acquire from the junk foods are unhealthy fats and not healthy ingredients thus we feel lack of oxygen which causes poor brain functioning. We absorb much cholesterol from such type of foods which causes plaque formation in the arteries and creates problems for the heart to pump normal amount of blood. That’s why we feel high level fatigue. High level of bad cholesterol destroys our liver and put more weight at the same time.

According to the research, kids and children eating more junk food on daily basis are overweight and obese and highly prone to the heart and liver disorders. Such kids are more prone to become diabetic and lethargic because of high sugar collection in their body in the early ages. They get high blood pressure because of high amount of sodium mineral in the junk foods. Kids and children should be trained by their parents to follow healthy eating habits from the childhood.

Junk Food Essay 400 words

Junk foods taste good that’s why it is mostly liked by everyone of any age group especially kids and school going children. They generally ask for the junk food daily because they have been trend so by their parents from the childhood. They never have been discussed by their parents about the harmful effects of junk foods over health.

According to the research by scientists, it has been found that junk foods have negative effects on the health in many ways. They are generally fried food found in the market in the packets. They become high in calories, high in cholesterol, low in healthy nutrients, high in sodium mineral, high in sugar, starch, unhealthy fat, lack of protein and lack of dietary fibers.

Processed and junk foods are the means of rapid and unhealthy weight gain and negatively impact the whole body throughout the life. It makes able a person to gain excessive weight which is called as obesity. Junk foods tastes good and looks good however do not fulfil the healthy calorie requirement of the body. Some of the foods like french fries, fried foods, pizza, burgers, candy, soft drinks, baked goods, ice cream, cookies, etc are the example of high-sugar and high-fat containing foods.

It is found according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention that Kids and children eating junk food are more prone to the type-2 diabetes. In type-2 diabetes our body become unable to regulate blood sugar level. Risk of getting this disease is increasing as one become more obese or overweight. It increases the risk of kidney failure.

Eating junk food daily lead us to the nutritional deficiencies in the body because it is lack of essential nutrients, vitamins, iron, minerals and dietary fibers. It increases risk of cardiovascular diseases because it is rich in saturated fat, sodium and bad cholesterol. High sodium and bad cholesterol diet increases blood pressure and overloads the heart functioning.

One who like junk food develop more risk to put on extra weight and become fatter and unhealthier. Junk foods contain high level carbohydrate which spike blood sugar level and make person more lethargic, sleepy and less active and alert. Reflexes and senses of the people eating this food become dull day by day thus they live more sedentary life. Junk foods are the source of constipation and other disease like diabetes, heart ailments, clogged arteries, heart attack, strokes, etc because of being poor in nutrition.

Essay on Junk Food FAQs

What is junk food in 10 lines.

Junk food is processed, high-calorie food with little nutrition. It includes items like fast food, sugary snacks, and soft drinks. These foods are often convenient but lack essential nutrients like vitamins and fiber. Overeating junk food can lead to health issues like obesity and heart problems.

What are the 10 harmful effects of junk food?

Eating too much junk food can cause health problems, including obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. It can also harm your dental health, lead to digestive issues, and affect your energy levels negatively.

What is healthy food and junk food?

Healthy food is fresh and packed with essential nutrients, like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Junk food, on the other hand, is highly processed and offers little nutritional value. It's often high in sugar, salt, and unhealthy fats.

How do you write a junk food essay?

To write a junk food essay, start with an introduction explaining what junk food is. Then discuss its impact on health, including obesity and related diseases. Conclude with suggestions for a balanced diet.

What are the harmful effects of junk food?

Harmful effects of junk food include weight gain, high cholesterol, and an increased risk of chronic diseases. It can also lead to poor digestion, low energy, and dental problems.

How is junk food harmful for our health?

Junk food can harm our health by causing obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. It lacks essential nutrients, and overconsumption can lead to various health issues.

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The Impacts of Junk Food on Health

junk food vs healthy food essay in english

Energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods, otherwise known as junk foods, have never been more accessible and available. Young people are bombarded with unhealthy junk-food choices daily, and this can lead to life-long dietary habits that are difficult to undo. In this article, we explore the scientific evidence behind both the short-term and long-term impacts of junk food consumption on our health.


The world is currently facing an obesity epidemic, which puts people at risk for chronic diseases like heart disease and diabetes. Junk food can contribute to obesity and yet it is becoming a part of our everyday lives because of our fast-paced lifestyles. Life can be jam-packed when you are juggling school, sport, and hanging with friends and family! Junk food companies make food convenient, tasty, and affordable, so it has largely replaced preparing and eating healthy homemade meals. Junk foods include foods like burgers, fried chicken, and pizza from fast-food restaurants, as well as packaged foods like chips, biscuits, and ice-cream, sugar-sweetened beverages like soda, fatty meats like bacon, sugary cereals, and frozen ready meals like lasagne. These are typically highly processed foods , meaning several steps were involved in making the food, with a focus on making them tasty and thus easy to overeat. Unfortunately, junk foods provide lots of calories and energy, but little of the vital nutrients our bodies need to grow and be healthy, like proteins, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Australian teenagers aged 14–18 years get more than 40% of their daily energy from these types of foods, which is concerning [ 1 ]. Junk foods are also known as discretionary foods , which means they are “not needed to meet nutrient requirements and do not belong to the five food groups” [ 2 ]. According to the dietary guidelines of Australian and many other countries, these five food groups are grains and cereals, vegetables and legumes, fruits, dairy and dairy alternatives, and meat and meat alternatives.

Young people are often the targets of sneaky advertising tactics by junk food companies, which show our heroes and icons promoting junk foods. In Australia, cricket, one of our favorite sports, is sponsored by a big fast-food brand. Elite athletes like cricket players are not fuelling their bodies with fried chicken, burgers, and fries! A study showed that adolescents aged 12–17 years view over 14.4 million food advertisements in a single year on popular websites, with cakes, cookies, and ice cream being the most frequently advertised products [ 3 ]. Another study examining YouTube videos popular amongst children reported that 38% of all ads involved a food or beverage and 56% of those food ads were for junk foods [ 4 ].

What Happens to Our Bodies Shortly After We Eat Junk Foods?

Food is made up of three major nutrients: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. There are also vitamins and minerals in food that support good health, growth, and development. Getting the proper nutrition is very important during our teenage years. However, when we eat junk foods, we are consuming high amounts of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, which are quickly absorbed by the body.

Let us take the example of eating a hamburger. A burger typically contains carbohydrates from the bun, proteins and fats from the beef patty, and fats from the cheese and sauce. On average, a burger from a fast-food chain contains 36–40% of your daily energy needs and this does not account for any chips or drinks consumed with it ( Figure 1 ). This is a large amount of food for the body to digest—not good if you are about to hit the cricket pitch!

Figure 1 - The nutritional composition of a popular burger from a famous fast-food restaurant, detailing the average quantity per serving and per 100 g.

  • Figure 1 - The nutritional composition of a popular burger from a famous fast-food restaurant, detailing the average quantity per serving and per 100 g.
  • The carbohydrates of a burger are mainly from the bun, while the protein comes from the beef patty. Large amounts of fat come from the cheese and sauce. Based on the Australian dietary guidelines, just one burger can be 36% of the recommended daily energy intake for teenage boys aged 12–15 years and 40% of the recommendations for teenage girls 12–15 years.

A few hours to a few days after eating rich, heavy foods such as a burger, unpleasant symptoms like tiredness, poor sleep, and even hunger can result ( Figure 2 ). Rather than providing an energy boost, junk foods can lead to a lack of energy. For a short time, sugar (a type of carbohydrate) makes people feel energized, happy, and upbeat as it is used by the body for energy. However, refined sugar , which is the type of sugar commonly found in junk foods, leads to a quick drop in blood sugar levels because it is digested quickly by the body. This can lead tiredness and cravings [ 5 ].

Figure 2 - The short- and long-term impacts of junk food consumption.

  • Figure 2 - The short- and long-term impacts of junk food consumption.
  • In the short-term, junk foods can make you feel tired, bloated, and unable to concentrate. Long-term, junk foods can lead to tooth decay and poor bowel habits. Junk foods can also lead to obesity and associated diseases such as heart disease. When junk foods are regularly consumed over long periods of time, the damages and complications to health are increasingly costly.

Fiber is a good carbohydrate commonly found in vegetables, fruits, barley, legumes, nuts, and seeds—foods from the five food groups. Fiber not only keeps the digestive system healthy, but also slows the stomach’s emptying process, keeping us feeling full for longer. Junk foods tend to lack fiber, so when we eat them, we notice decreasing energy and increasing hunger sooner.

Foods such as walnuts, berries, tuna, and green veggies can boost concentration levels. This is particularly important for young minds who are doing lots of schoolwork. These foods are what most elite athletes are eating! On the other hand, eating junk foods can lead to poor concentration. Eating junk foods can lead to swelling in the part of the brain that has a major role in memory. A study performed in humans showed that eating an unhealthy breakfast high in fat and sugar for 4 days in a row caused disruptions to the learning and memory parts of the brain [ 6 ].

Long-Term Impacts of Junk Foods

If we eat mostly junk foods over many weeks, months, or years, there can be several long-term impacts on health ( Figure 2 ). For example, high saturated fat intake is strongly linked with high levels of bad cholesterol in the blood, which can be a sign of heart disease. Respected research studies found that young people who eat only small amounts of saturated fat have lower total cholesterol levels [ 7 ].

Frequent consumption of junk foods can also increase the risk of diseases such as hypertension and stroke. Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure and a stroke is damage to the brain from reduced blood supply, which prevents the brain from receiving the oxygen and nutrients it needs to survive. Hypertension and stroke can occur because of the high amounts of cholesterol and salt in junk foods.

Furthermore, junk foods can trigger the “happy hormone,” dopamine , to be released in the brain, making us feel good when we eat these foods. This can lead us to wanting more junk food to get that same happy feeling again [ 8 ]. Other long-term effects of eating too much junk food include tooth decay and constipation. Soft drinks, for instance, can cause tooth decay due to high amounts of sugar and acid that can wear down the protective tooth enamel. Junk foods are typically low in fiber too, which has negative consequences for gut health in the long term. Fiber forms the bulk of our poop and without it, it can be hard to poop!

Tips for Being Healthy

One way to figure out whether a food is a junk food is to think about how processed it is. When we think of foods in their whole and original forms, like a fresh tomato, a grain of rice, or milk squeezed from a cow, we can then start to imagine how many steps are involved to transform that whole food into something that is ready-to-eat, tasty, convenient, and has a long shelf life.

For teenagers 13–14 years old, the recommended daily energy intake is 8,200–9,900 kJ/day or 1,960 kcal-2,370 kcal/day for boys and 7,400–8,200 kJ/day or 1,770–1,960 kcal for girls, according to the Australian dietary guidelines. Of course, the more physically active you are, the higher your energy needs. Remember that junk foods are okay to eat occasionally, but they should not make up more than 10% of your daily energy intake. In a day, this may be a simple treat such as a small muffin or a few squares of chocolate. On a weekly basis, this might mean no more than two fast-food meals per week. The remaining 90% of food eaten should be from the five food groups.

In conclusion, we know that junk foods are tasty, affordable, and convenient. This makes it hard to limit the amount of junk food we eat. However, if junk foods become a staple of our diets, there can be negative impacts on our health. We should aim for high-fiber foods such as whole grains, vegetables, and fruits; meals that have moderate amounts of sugar and salt; and calcium-rich and iron-rich foods. Healthy foods help to build strong bodies and brains. Limiting junk food intake can happen on an individual level, based on our food choices, or through government policies and health-promotion strategies. We need governments to stop junk food companies from advertising to young people, and we need their help to replace junk food restaurants with more healthy options. Researchers can focus on education and health promotion around healthy food options and can work with young people to develop solutions. If we all work together, we can help young people across the world to make food choices that will improve their short and long-term health.

Obesity : ↑ A disorder where too much body fat increases the risk of health problems.

Processed Food : ↑ A raw agricultural food that has undergone processes to be washed, ground, cleaned and/or cooked further.

Discretionary Food : ↑ Foods and drinks not necessary to provide the nutrients the body needs but that may add variety to a person’s diet (according to the Australian dietary guidelines).

Refined Sugar : ↑ Sugar that has been processed from raw sources such as sugar cane, sugar beets or corn.

Saturated Fat : ↑ A type of fat commonly eaten from animal sources such as beef, chicken and pork, which typically promotes the production of “bad” cholesterol in the body.

Dopamine : ↑ A hormone that is released when the brain is expecting a reward and is associated with activities that generate pleasure, such as eating or shopping.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

[1] ↑ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2013. 4324.0.55.002 - Microdata: Australian Health Survey: Nutrition and Physical Activity, 2011-12 . Australian Bureau of Statistics. Available online at: http://bit.ly/2jkRRZO (accessed December 13, 2019).

[2] ↑ National Health and Medical Research Council. 2013. Australian Dietary Guidelines Summary . Canberra, ACT: National Health and Medical Research Council.

[3] ↑ Potvin Kent, M., and Pauzé, E. 2018. The frequency and healthfulness of food and beverages advertised on adolescents’ preferred web sites in Canada. J. Adolesc. Health. 63:102–7. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.01.007

[4] ↑ Tan, L., Ng, S. H., Omar, A., and Karupaiah, T. 2018. What’s on YouTube? A case study on food and beverage advertising in videos targeted at children on social media. Child Obes. 14:280–90. doi: 10.1089/chi.2018.0037

[5] ↑ Gómez-Pinilla, F. 2008. Brain foods: the effects of nutrients on brain function. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 9, 568–78. doi: 10.1038/nrn2421

[6] ↑ Attuquayefio, T., Stevenson, R. J., Oaten, M. J., and Francis, H. M. 2017. A four-day western-style dietary intervention causes reductions in hippocampal-dependent learning and memory and interoceptive sensitivity. PLoS ONE . 12:e0172645. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0172645

[7] ↑ Te Morenga, L., and Montez, J. 2017. Health effects of saturated and trans-fatty acid intake in children and adolescents: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 12:e0186672. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0186672

[8] ↑ Reichelt, A. C. 2016. Adolescent maturational transitions in the prefrontal cortex and dopamine signaling as a risk factor for the development of obesity and high fat/high sugar diet induced cognitive deficits. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 10. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00189


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