1. Writing a research article: advice to beginners

    The typical research paper is a highly codified rhetorical form [1, 2]. Knowledge of the rules—some explicit, others implied—goes a long way toward writing a paper that will get accepted in a peer-reviewed journal. Primacy of the research question. A good research paper addresses a specific research question.

  2. How Long Should a Research Paper Be? Data from 61,519 Examples

    1- The median length of a research paper is 4,133 words (equivalent to 166 sentences or 34 paragraphs), excluding the abstract and references, with 90% of papers being between 2,023 and 8,284 words. 2- A typical article is divided in the following way: Introduction section: 14.6% of the total word count.

  3. Successful Scientific Writing and Publishing: A Step-by-Step Approach

    Original research articles make up most of the peer-reviewed literature , follow a standardized format, and are the focus of this article. The 4 main sections are the introduction, methods, results, and discussion, sometimes referred to by the initialism, IMRAD. ... 1978-2001," is 141 characters long and includes the study's topic ...

  4. The "outdated sources" myth

    Seminal research articles and/or foundational books can remain relevant for a long time and help establish the context for a given paper. For example, Albert Bandura's Bobo doll experiment (Bandura et al., 1961) is often cited in contemporary social and child psychology articles. Remember, APA Style has no year-related cutoff.

  5. Writing a scientific article: A step-by-step guide for beginners

    Overall, while writing an article from scratch may appear a daunting task for many young researchers, the process can be largely facilitated by good groundwork when preparing your research project, and a systematic approach to the writing, following these simple guidelines for each section (see summary in Fig. 1). It is worth the effort of ...

  6. Detailing the Writing of Scientific Manuscripts: 25-30 Paragraphs

    For the 20 ABC's manuscripts and 34 JACC's ones, the average number of paragraphs was 28.9 and 28.2 (p = 0.703), respectively, with 1/3 of them having 25-30 paragraphs, and 57% of the total manuscripts having overall 22-33 paragraphs. This relative constancy should be observed and highlighted, considering that the topics and areas covered, as ...

  7. Writing for publication: Structure, form, content, and journal

    This article provides an overview of writing for publication in peer-reviewed journals. While the main focus is on writing a research article, it also provides guidance on factors influencing journal selection, including journal scope, intended audience for the findings, open access requirements, and journal citation metrics.

  8. How to Write a Research Paper

    By refining your focus, you can produce a thoughtful and engaging paper that effectively communicates your ideas to your readers. 5. Write a thesis statement. A thesis statement is a one-to-two-sentence summary of your research paper's main argument or direction.

  9. How Long Should a Research Paper Be?

    An Overview. ‍. In short, research paper's average length can range from 1,500 words for research proposals and case studies - all the way to 100,000 words for large dissertations. Research, by its nature of being complex, requires a careful and thorough elucidation of facts, notions, information, and the like - which is all reflected in its ...

  10. 10 Tips to reduce the length of your research paper

    Here are 10 tips to keep your manuscript concise: 1. Look out for sentences beginning with "there is a previous study on," "it has been reported that," or similar phrases. Such sentences should be accompanied by reference citations, which make the above phrases redundant. These phrases can be deleted, leaving only the citation.

  11. How to write a good scientific review article

    Care should be taken to cite the original article reporting a specific finding and the overall discussion should be balanced. Figures, tables and other display items should be used to aid understanding and break up long sections of text. Conclusions: 350-500 words: Rounds up the article by providing a summary of central themes and take-home ...

  12. PDF Summary and Analysis of Scientific Research Articles

    The analysis shows that you can evaluate the evidence presented in the research and explain why the research could be important. Summary. The summary portion of the paper should be written with enough detail so that a reader would not have to look at the original research to understand all the main points. At the same time, the summary section ...

  13. How Long Should the Introduction of a Research Paper Be? Data from

    The median introduction was 553 words long (equivalent to 21 sentences, or 4 paragraphs), and 90% of the introductions were between 245 and 1,245 words. 2. The introduction is the shortest section of the research paper (14.6% of the total word count), approximately half the length of other sections (Methods, Results, and Discussion).

  14. Writing a Research Paper Conclusion

    Step 1: Restate the problem. The first task of your conclusion is to remind the reader of your research problem. You will have discussed this problem in depth throughout the body, but now the point is to zoom back out from the details to the bigger picture. While you are restating a problem you've already introduced, you should avoid phrasing ...

  15. publications

    Maybe 2-3 hours. Obviously, if its a paper I need to know back-to-front, inside out, and be able to disect every possible problem or highlight, then its going to take me longer, but I probably wouldn't do that all at once. I'd probably do my 1-hour read, and then come back to particular bits, as and when needed.

  16. editors

    So I would not say that a long review would necessarily be frowned upon, it clearly depends on how constructive it is. If someone spends a lot of effort improving language and grammar (which does not necessarily constitute the expectations from a review) that could be very useful. Normally such comments may be made as revisions in a file rather ...

  17. How To Read Journal Articles Quickly & Effectively

    1 - The abstract (or executive summary) The abstract (which is located right up front) provides a high-level overview of what the article is about. This is giving you the first little taste of the soup, so to speak. Generally, it will discuss what the research objectives were was and why they were important.

  18. FAQ: How old should or can a source be for my research?

    A good rule of thumb is to use sources published in the past 10 years for research in the arts, humanities, literature, history, etc. For faster-paced fields, sources published in the past 2-3 years is a good benchmark since these sources are more current and reflect the newest discoveries, theories, processes, or best practices. Use the ...

  19. Writing an Article Critique

    An article critique requires you to critically read a piece of research and identify and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the article. How is a critique different from a summary? A summary of a research article requires you to share the key points of the article so your reader can get a clear picture of what the article is about.

  20. As a researcher, what is the time (in days or weeks) you need to write

    It varies. I completed my first research article in nearly 4 months. However, now on average it takes me about 4-6 weeks. Cite. ... Some editors keep a paper for long time, more than 6 months or a ...

  21. How Long Is a Research Paper? Let's Find Out

    How long is a research paper? This article will analyse various factors you should consider to determine the length of your paper. How long should a research paper be? The average length of a paper ranges between 4000 to 6000 words. However, research papers may carry up to ten thousand words depending on their complexity. A complex research ...

  22. How Long Should a Research Title Be? Data from 104,161 Examples

    Here's a summary of the key findings. 1. The median title was 14 words long (equivalent to 103 characters), and 90% of titles in the sample were between 6 and 25 words. 2. The 10-year trend shows an increase in title length from an average of 103 characters in 2012 to 111 characters in 2021. 3.

  23. Average journal article length requirements

    The 100 journals in this sample included research and practitioner venues across a range of subdomains and specializations. The authors gathered data for 3 points in time, at 10-year intervals ...

  24. Secret Service identified rooftop security risk before Trump rally shooting

    The rooftop where a gunman shot at former President Donald Trump during a campaign rally was identified by the Secret Service as a potential vulnerability in the days before the event, two sources ...

  25. Earnings Season Preview Reveals Risk of Stock Market Correction: NDR

    The research firm warned of a shift from accelerating to decelerating growth in heading into 2025. "Another high beat rate may be required to justify the rally," analysts said.

  26. Gunman pointed rifle at local officer before firing at Trump during

    Not long before shots rang out at Trump's campaign rally in Butler, Pennsylvania, rallygoers noticed a man climbing to the roof of a nearby building and warned local police, according to two law ...

  27. Peter Buxtun, Who Exposed Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Dies at 86

    A Public Health Service employee, he turned whistle-blower after learning of decades-long research involving hundreds of poor, infected Black men who were left untreated. By Trip Gabriel Peter ...

  28. Research: New Hires' Psychological Safety Erodes Quickly

    Summary. Across industries, from manufacturing to health care, the luxury of waiting years to benefit from new talent is long gone. Thriving in today's dynamic economy means bringing new hires ...

  29. U.S. stroke survival is improving, but race still plays role

    Previous research confirmed that strokes are more common in Black individuals, but this research found for the first time that long-term outcomes are worse for Black patients. Read more about the research. Read the U.S. News & World Report article, originally published on HealthDay. Read the Real Health article. Featured photo at top of brain ...