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9 Closing a Speech: End with Power and Let Them Know It is Time to Clap

Audience clapping

Open Your Speech With a Bang Close It With a Slam-Dunk Westside Toastmasters

“Great is the art of beginning, but greater is the art of ending,” according to poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. The first few words of your speech make the audience want to listen and the last few sentences help them decide what they feel about you and your topic. In this chapter, I will explain the function of a conclusion, the format of a conclusion, and I will give you numerous examples of ways to end your speech. Most of this chapter is dedicated to showing you good examples of different types of speech closings. Let’s get started by talking about the purpose of the closing.

A Strong Closing Does Many Things

  • Summarizes the points. By restating your points your audience is more likely to remember them.
  • Tells the audience when to clap. Let’s face it, it is so awkward when you are done with your speech, and no one claps. Being clear the end is near, relieves the audience of the pressure of wondering if they are clapping at the right time.
  • Provides resolution. Your speech should give the audience a sense of resolve or a sense of being challenged.

The Formula for Closing Most Speeches

  • Transition statement to ending.
  • Review the main points–repeat the thesis.
  • If it is a persuasive speech, tell the audience what you want them to do or think.
  • Provide a closing statement.

Restate the Thesis

Tell them what you are going to say, say it, tell them what you have said. This speech pattern is useful in most types of speeches because it helps the speaker to remember your key points. As you build your closing, make sure you restate the thesis. A good rule of thumb is to write it in such a way that if the audience were asked to restate the main points, their answer would match closely with your thesis.

EXAMPLE Watch as Stella Young gives her thesis and then restates her thesis at the end of the speech as she wraps up. The thesis of the talk in the introduction: We’ve been sold the lie that disability is a Bad Thing, capital B, capital T. It’s a bad thing, and to live with a disability makes you exceptional. It’s not a bad thing, and it doesn’t make you exceptional. Restates the thesis of the talk at the closing: Disability doesn’t make you exceptional but questioning what you think you know about it does.

Stella Young, I’m not your inspiration, thank you very much. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtPGrLoU5Uk

This next example is from a student’s speech. It is easy to pull out one sentence that clearly summarizes the main points of her speech. Following her summary, she winds the speech down into a thoughtful conclusion and ends with three powerful words.

Now is the time to separate the war on drugs from the war on addiction. T oday you’ve heard the problems, impacts, and solutions of criminalizing addictions. Bruce Callis is 50 years old now. And he is still struggling with his addiction. while you all are sitting out there listening to this, I’m living with it. Bruce Callis is my father and for my entire life, I have watched our misguided system destroy him. The irony here is that we live in a society where we are told to recycle. We recycle paper, aluminum, and electronics. But why don’t we ever consider recycling them most precision think on Earth– the human life. Student Tunnette Powell, Winner of the 2012 Interstate Oratorical Association Contest.

Closing Phrases

After you restate your thesis, you should carefully deliver your closing phrases.  Your closing should provide a resolution to your speech and/or it should challenge the audience. Frantically Speaking writer Hrideep Barot suggests  “a conclusion is like tying a bow or ribbon to a box of your key ideas that your audience will be taking along with them.”

A speech closing is not just about the words you say, but it is also the way you say it. Change the pace near the end of your speech. Let your tone alone should signal the end is near. It is about deliberate voice control, don’t let your voice weakly away.

In the next section, I will cover these ways to end your speech:

End with powerful words End with a quote End with a graphic End with parallel construction End on a positive note End with a challenge End with a question End with inspiration End with well-wishing End with humor End with a call to action End with a feeling of resolve End with a prop

The best way to teach you about advanced closings is to show not tell. For this section, I will briefly explain each type of closing and then provide a video. Each video is queued so you can play the video and watch the closing statement.  I included a transcript under each video if you want to follow along.  It will be most beneficial for you to watch the clip and not just read the text. By watching, you will have a chance to hear the subtle changes in the speaker’s voice as they deliver their closing statements.

End with Powerful Words

As you design your closing, look at the last three to five words and examine them to see if they are strong words. Oftentimes, you can rearrange a sentence to end with a powerful word. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

Watch this clip for how BJ Miller ends with a powerful thought and a powerful word. 

Parts of me died early on, and that’s something we can all say one way or another. I got to redesign my life around this fact, and I tell you it has been a liberation to realize you can always find a shock of beauty or meaning in what life you have left, like that snowball lasting for a perfect moment, all the while melting away. If we love such moments ferociously, then maybe we can learn to live well — not in spite of death, but because of it. Let death be what takes us, not lack of imagination. BJ Miller, What Really Matters at the End of Life

End by Circling Back to the Opening

Another type of ending is to circle back to what you said in the beginning. You can revisit a quote, share the end to an illustration that was begun in the beginning, or you can put away a prop you got out in the beginning.

Watch this clip for how Zubing Zhang begins and ends with the same quote to circle back around to the main idea. 

She starts by telling a story of bungee jumping off the world’s highest platform and how she saw a sign with a quote that says, “Life begins at the edge of your comfort zone.” After telling her own story about pushing her emotional limits, she circles back around at the end by saying, “As the words said high on the bungee platform, “Life begins at the edge of your comfort zone.”

Yubing Zhang, Life Begins at the End of Your Comfort Zone. 

End With Quote

If you end your speech with a quote, attend to the following.

  • Always say the author of the quote before the quote for example, “I want to leave you with a leadership quote ‘What you do has far greater impact than what you say,’ Steven Covey.” The problem with this ending is that “Stephen Covey” are the last two words of the speech and that is boring. Consider instead this ending. “I think Robin Sharma said it best ‘Leadership is not about a title or a designation. It’s about impact, influence, and inspiration.'” In this arrangement, the last three words are powerful–influence and inspiration.
  • Provided context for the quote before or after. Make sure the quote is meaningful and not just an easy way to end.

Watch this clip for how Sir Ken Robinson ends with a quote. Notice how he says the author and then the quote.

Also, notice how he then ties his speech to the quote with a final few sentences and ends with the powerful word–“revolution” and how he uses a strong vocal emphasis as he says his last word. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

There’s a wonderful quote from Benjamin Franklin. “There are three sorts of people in the world: Those who are immovable, people who don’t get it, or don’t want to do anything about it; there are people who are movable, people who see the need for change and are prepared to listen to it; and there are people who move, people who make things happen.” And if we can encourage more people, that will be a movement. And if the movement is strong enough, that’s, in the best sense of the word, a revolution. And that’s what we need.

Sir Ken Robinson, How to Escape Education’s Death Valley. 

End with a Graphic

You might want to use a visual to make your final point. Bringing in a picture, graphic, or object, reengages the audience to pay attention to your final ideas.

Watch this clip for how Barry Schartz uses the magic words “so to conclude” and then he creatively uses a picture of a fishbowl to narrow in on his point. Notice how his final word is spoken with urgency as he says “disaster.” (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

 So, to conclude. (He shows a picture of fish in a fishbowl) He says, “You can be anything you want to be — no limits.” You’re supposed to read this cartoon and, being a sophisticated person, say, “Ah! What does this fish know? Nothing is possible in this fishbowl.” Impoverished imagination, a myopic view of the world –that’s the way I read it at first. The more I thought about it, however, the more I came to the view that this fish knows something. Because the truth of the matter is, if you shatter the fishbowl so that everything is possible, you don’t have freedom. You have paralysis. If you shatter this fishbowl so that everything is possible, you decrease satisfaction. You increase paralysis, and you decrease satisfaction. Everybody needs a fishbowl. This one is almost certainly too limited –perhaps even for the fish, certainly for us. But the absence of some metaphorical fishbowl is a recipe for misery and, I suspect, disaster. Barry Schwartz, The Paradox of Choice

End with Parallel Construction

Parallel construction is a series of repeated phrases. It can be a powerful tool to use in a persuasive speech as it creates a feeling of importance.

Watch this clip for how Malala Yousafzai ends with a series of parallel statements to build momentum. Notice how her pace perfectly matches her words and you feel her strength when she ends with “education first.” (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

Dear brothers and sisters, we must not forget that millions of people are suffering from poverty, injustice, and ignorance. We must not forget that millions of children are out of schools. We must not forget that our sisters and brothers are waiting for a bright peaceful future. So let us wage a global struggle against illiteracy, poverty, and terrorism, and let us pick up our books and pens. They are our most powerful weapons. One child, one teacher, one pen, and one book can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education First.

Malala Yousafzai,  United Nations Youth Assembly

End on a Positive Note

Audiences are constantly evaluating a speaker to determine their attitude and motivation. As you consider your speech closing, ask yourself what type of impression do you want to leave?  Do you want to leave them with depression or hope? Sadness or promise? Most of the time, audiences will receive messages that end positively better than speeches that end negatively.

In this speech sample, Hans Rosling showed the audience some hard statistics and he even pointed fingers at the audience as part of the problem. To help them hear his main point, he wisely ends on a positive note.

Watch this clip for how Hans Rosling ends this thought-provoking talk on a positive note. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

Now, when thinking about where all this leaves us, I have just one little humble advice for you, besides everything else, look at the data. Look at the facts about the world and you will see where we are today and how we can move forwards with all these billions on our wonderful planet. The challenge of extreme poverty has been greatly reduced and it’s for the first time in history within our power to end it for good. The challenge of population growth is, in fact, already being solved, the number of children has stopped growing.  And for the challenge for climate change, we can still avoid the worst, but that requires the richest, as soon as possible, find a way to use their set their use of resources and energy at a level that, step by step, can be shared by 10 billion or 11 billion by the end of this century. I’ve never called myself an optimist, but I do say I’m a possibilist and I also say the world is much better than many of you think.

Hans Rosling, Facts about the Population.

End with a Challenge

Leave the audience with a doable personal challenge. Help them mentally make sense of all the information that you shared by helping them know how to file it away and how to use it.

Watch this clip for how Melissa Butler ends with a challenge. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

So, I challenge each of you, when you go home today, look at yourself in the mirror, see all of you, look at all of your greatness that you embody, accept it, and love it. And finally, when you leave the house tomorrow, try to extend that same love and acceptance to someone who doesn’t look like you . Melissa Butler, Why You Think You’re Ugly. 

Watch this clip as Darren LaCroix literally falls face down to anchor the point that when we fall, we “fall forward.” (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

Darren LaCroix talks about taking risks and falling down and getting back up, he literally and purposefully falls down during his speech and ends this way: What’s your next step… take it. I didn’t want to look back at my life and say you know I never did try that comedy thing, but I died debt-free. All of us are headed toward that goal we are going to teach a point where we get stuck and our feet are like in cement and we can’t move but we’re so afraid of that ouch but we forget that if we lean forward and take a risk–(He falls face down) and we fall on our face. When we get up, notice, you still made progress. So please, with me, go ahead and fall. But fall forward. Darren LaCroiz, Winning Speech delivered at National Speech Association

End with a Question

Asking a question at the end is one way to reengage the audience. It helps them think about what your topic might mean for them.

Watch this clip for how David Eagleman reminds us about why his topic is important and then ends with a question. Notice how he pauses before his final question and how he changes the pace of his speech for the final sentence. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

So I think there’s really no end to the possibilities on the horizon for human expansion. Just imagine an astronaut being able to feel the overall health of the International Space Station, or, for that matter, having you feel the invisible states of your own health, like your blood sugar and the state of your microbiome, or having 360-degree vision or seeing in infrared or ultraviolet. So the key is this: As we move into the future, we’re going to increasingly be able to choose our own peripheral devices. We no longer have to wait for Mother Nature’s sensory gifts on her timescales, but instead, like any good parent, she’s given us the tools that we need to go out and define our own trajectory. So the question now is, how do you want to go out and experience your universe?

David Eagleman, Can We Create New Senses for Humans? 

Watch this clip for how Lera Boroditsky ends with a personal note and a  powerful final question. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

I want to leave you with this final thought. I’ve told you about how speakers of different languages think differently, but of course, that’s not about how people elsewhere think. It’s about how you think. It’s how the language that you speak shapes the way that you think. And that gives you the opportunity to ask, “Why do I think the way that I do?” “How could I think differently?” And also,  “What thoughts do I wish to create?” Lera Boroditsky, How Language Shapes the Way We Think

End with Inspiration

“Inspiring your audience is all about helping them see their own vision, not yours.”

You may want to end your speech with inspiring and encouraging words. Pick words that resonate with most of your audience and deliver them in such a way that your audience feels your lift in emotion.

Watch this clip for how Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie ends with an inspiring final note and a powerful last few words “regain a kind of paradise” (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

Stories matter. Many stories matter. Stories have been used to dispossess and to malign, but stories can also be used to empower and humanize. Stories can break the dignity of a people, but stories can also repair that broken dignity.

I would like to end with this thought:   That when we reject the single-story,   when we realize that there is never a single story   about any place,   we regain a kind of paradise.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie,  The Danger of a Single Story  

Watch this clip for how Dan Pink ends with an inspiring final note. (I have the video cued to play just the closing) Let me wrap up. There is a mismatch between what science knows and what business does. Here is what science knows. One: Those 20th century rewards, those motivators we think are a natural part of business, do work, but only in a surprisingly narrow band of circumstances. Two: Those if-then rewards often destroy creativity. Three: The secret to high performance isn’t rewards and punishments, but that unseen intrinsic drive– the drive to do things for their own sake. The drive to do things cause they matter.
And here’s the best part. We already know this. The science confirms what we know in our hearts. So, if we repair this mismatch between what science  knows and what business does, if we bring our motivation, notions of motivation into the 21st century, if we get past this lazy, dangerous, ideology of carrots and sticks, we can strengthen our businesses, we can solve a lot of those candle problems, and maybe, maybe — we can change the world. I rest my case. Dan Pink, The Puzzle of Motivation

End with Well Wishing

There are several types of closings where the speaker wished the audience well.

The Benediction Close: M ay God bless and keep you…. The Presidential Close: God bless you and may God bless the USA The Congratulatory Close: I congratulate you on your accomplishment and wish you continued success. 

End with Humor

You can end on a fun lighthearted note. It is important to always run your humor by a variety of people to make sure you are funny, and your humor is appropriate.

Watch this clip for how Andrew Dunham uses humor throughout his speech and ends with a funny one-liner. (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

I wish you all the best as we begin this journey on our paths and I sincerely hope and pray that your time and success have proven to be as memorable and spiritually rewarding as mine. If not, there’s always summer school.

Andrew Dunham, Valedictorian Comes Out As Autistic During Speech

End with a Call to Action

If you are delivering a persuasive speech, let the audience know exactly what you want them to do.

End with a Feeling of Resolve

Paul Harvey made famous the line “And now you know…the rest of the story.” Your closing should allow us to know the rest of the story or to know how a situation was resolved.

Watch this clip for how Lucy Hone ends this tough but inspiring talk with a feeling of resolve (I have the video cued to play just the closing)

https://youtu.be/9-5SMpg7Q0k?t=913 If you ever find yourself in a situation where you think there’s no way I’m coming back from this, I urge you to lean into these strategies and think again. I won’t pretend that thinking this way is easy and it doesn’t remove all the pain. But if I’ve learned anything over the last five years, it is that thinking this way really does help. More than anything it has shown me that  it is possible  to live and grieve at the same time. And for that I will be always grateful. Lucy Hone, The Three Secrets of Resilient People

End with a Prop

Nancy Duarte says you should give your audience, SOMETHING THEY  will ALWAYS REMEMBER–S.T.A.R. One way to do that is with an action or statement that will have the audience talking about it for a long time. President Obama did it with a mic drop.

Memorize Your Conclusion

End on time.

Do not diminish the effect of a great speech with a bloated, aimless conclusion. Dan Rothwell.

“Times about up.”

Don’t end with any references to time. It is like a giant stop sign saying, “stop listening.”  Don’t highlight that you ran over time or that it is almost time for lunch. You want them to think about your speech, not the clock.

“Any Questions?”

You want them to feel a sense of closure for your speech.  End with something powerful and let them applaud.  After the applause, you can offer to answer questions. Similarly, projecting your last slide with the words, “Any Questions” is a weak ending.

“Let Me Add This Point I Missed”

If you forget something in the body of your speech, it is usually best to leave it out.  Most of the time you are the only one who will miss it.

“Thank You to the Team”

There is a time to thank the organizers and those who helped you but it is not at the end of your speech. Your focus should be on your audience and what they need and what they need to hear is your idea.  Send a thank you letter to the team if you want them to feel your appreciation.

“I’m Sorry”

“Sorry again for the technology issue,” “I apologize for going over time, ” “I regret I have no answer to this.” These are all negative phrases.  Keep to your topic that is what they need to hear and stay focused.

“I’ll Close with this Video”

No, you should close with talking about the big idea.

If you don’t have a plan at the end, you will ramble. “Steer clear of meandering endings they kill a story,” according to the Moth Storytelling website. “Your last line should be clear in your head before you start. Yes, bring the audience along with you as you contemplate what transpires in your story, but remember, you are driving the story, and must know the final destination. Keep your hands on the wheel!”

To Thank or Not to Thank, That is the Question

There is a debate amongst speech professionals, speech teachers, and speech coaches about whether or not you should thank the audience. Here are their main arguments.

Why You Should Not Say Thank You

  • You want to end with powerful words. “Thank you” are not strong words.
  • The recency effect suggests they will remember the last words you spoke. You want them to remember more than just “thank you.”
  • It is not a very creative way to end.
  • It can be a sign of a lazy speaker, “I have no idea how to end this, I’ve run out of good things to say so I’ll say ‘Thank you’ so you will clap now.”

Why You Should Say Thank You

  • It has come to be the expected ending in many settings. Violating their expectations can cause them to have a negative reaction.
  • It clearly signals you are finished so the audience knows when to clap. The relieves the pressure from both you and the audience.
  • It expresses gratitude.

I will leave it up to you to decide what works for you. As for me, I plan on trying to find more creative ways to end other than just saying “thank you.”

Maximizing the Primacy Recency Effect

If I were to read you a list of thirty things on my grocery list and then asked you to list all that you can remember, chances are you would remember the first times on the list and the last items on the list ( and any ones you found interesting from the middle). When people engage in listening, they tend to remember the first and last things they hear, it is called the primacy-recency effect. T his is just one more reason that your introduction and conclusion should be so well planned out. It is those first words and last words that the audience is going to remember. 

The primacy recency effect influences, not only what people pay attention to in a speech, but also which speech we pay the most attention to in a series of speeches. For example, if there is a lineup of six speakers, the first and last speakers tend to get the most attention.

As a speaker, you can use this information to your advantage by volunteering to go first or last. If you are giving a long presentation, you can break it up by allowing the audience to move around or talk to a neighbor. When you come back from break, you have re-engaged that primacy effect and moved them back to a high state of attention.

Do You Have Everything You Need for a Strong Closing?

  • Have I signaled my speech is coming to an end with my words or my voice?
  • Have I restated my main points?
  • If I am persuading my audience, do they know what I want them to do or think?
  • Have I written the last three to five words in such a way that I end with powerful words?
  • Have I memorized my closing?

Getting Off the Platform is Part of Your Closing

Plan on making a strong exit. Whether you are stepping off a stage or simply going to your seat, you should consider that the audience is watching you.

I have had students who finished their speech and then walked over to the trashcan and in a large, exaggerated movement, they threw their notecards in the trash. In our minds, we threw their message away with those cards. I’ve seen speakers, sit in their chairs and then announce, “I can’t believe my hands were shaking so much.” I’ve sat there and thought, “I didn’t notice.” I then realized that the comments they made influenced my perception of them and my perception of their topic.

You said your last word and the audience is applauding, now what? Look at your audience and smile and nod in appreciation before walking off the stage. If you will be answering questions, wait until after the applause stops to begin your question and answering period.

When practicing your speech, it is a good idea to start from your chair, walk up to a spot and then give your speech, and then walk back to your chair and sit down. Your “speech” impression begins and ends from your chair.

Key Takeaways

Remember This!

  • A speech closing should include a review of the main points and a purposeful closing sentence.
  • Persuasive speech endings should tell the audience specifically what they should do or think about.
  • The recency effect suggests that people remember the most recent things they have heard which is one reason the closing is so important.
  • Chance the pace of your speech and the tone of your voice to signal the end of the speech.

Please share your feedback, suggestions, corrections, and ideas.

I want to hear from you. 

Do you have an activity to include? Did you notice a typo that I should correct? Are you planning to use this as a resource and do you want me to know about it? Do you want to tell me something that really helped you?

Click here to share your feedback. 

Adichie, C.N. (2009). The danger of a single story. [Video]. YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D9Ihs241zeg Standard YouTube License.

Anderson, C. (2016). TED talks: The official TED guide to public speaking. Mariner Books.

Barot, H.  Fifteen powerful speech ending lines (and tips to create your own). Frantically Speaking. https://franticallyspeaking.com/15-powerful-speech-ending-lines-and-tips-to-create-your-own/

Boroditsky, L. (2017). How language shapes the way we think.  https://www.ted.com/talks/lera_boroditsky_how_language_shapes_the_way_we_think  Standard Youtube License. 

Butler, M. (2018). Why you think you’re ugly. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=imCBztvKgus  Standard YouTube License. 

Dunham. A. (2019). Valedictorian comes out as autistic during speech. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtPGrLoU5Uk  Standard Youtube License. 

Eagleman, D. (2015). Can we create new senses for humans?[Video]. YouTube  https://youtu.be/4c1lqFXHvqI  Standard YouTube License. 

Hone, L. (2019).  The three secrets of resilient people. [Video]. YouTube  https://youtu.be/NWH8N-BvhAw  Standard YouTube License. 

Jeff, P. (2009). Ten ways to end your speech with a bang. http://sixminutes.dlugan.com/10-ways-to-end-your-speech

Jobs, S. (2005). You’ve got to find what you love. https://news.stanford.edu/2005/06/14/jobs-061505/

Khanna, P. (2016). Let the head of TED show you how to end your speech with power. https://www.fastcompany.com/3059459/let-the-head-of-ted-show-you-how-to-end-your-speech-with-p

Karia, A. (2013). How to open and close a TED talk (or any other speech or presentation). https://akashkaria.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/HowtoOpenandCloseaTEDTalk.pdf

LaCroix, D. (2001). World champion of public speaking. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUDCzbmLV-0  Standard YouTube License. 

Mandela, N. (2011). Speech from the dock in the Rivonia trial.[Video]. YouTube https://www.nelsonmandela.org/news/entry/i-am-prepared-to-die  Standard YouTube License. 

Mandela, N. (1994). Presidential Inaugural Speech. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/nelsonmandelainauguralspeech.htm  Standard YouTube License. 

Miller, B.J. (2015). What really matters at the end of life. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.ted.com/talks/bj_miller_what_really_matters_at_the_end_of_life?language=en  Standard YouTube License. 

Moth. (2021). Storytelling tips and tricks: How to tell a successful story. https://themoth.org/share-your-story/storytelling-tips-tricks 

Obama, B. (2016). White House correspondents dinner. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxFkEj7KPC0  Standard YouTube License. 

Pink, D. (2009). The puzzle of motivation. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.ted.com/talks/dan_pink_the_puzzle_of_motivation  Standard YouTube License. 

Rothwell, D. (2014). Practically Speaking. Oxford University Press.Robinson, K. (2013). How to escape education’s death valley. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wX78iKhInsc  Standard YouTube License. 

Rosling, H. (2014). Don’t Panic-Hans Rosling showing the facts about population.[Video]. YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FACK2knC08E  Standard YouTube License. 

Schwartz, B. (2005). The paradox of choice. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.ted.com/talks/barry_schwartz_the_paradox_of_choice  Standard YouTube License. 

Toastmasters International. (2016). Concluding your Speech. https://www.toastmasters.org/Resources/Concluding-Your-Speech

Young, S. (2014). I’m not your inspiration, thank you very much. [Video]. YouTube  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtPGrLoU5Uk  Standard YouTube License. 

Yousafzai, M. (2013). Malala Yousafzai addresses United Nations Youth Assembly. [Video]. YouTube https://youtu.be/3rNhZu3ttIU  Standard YouTube License. 

Zhang, Y. (2015). Life begins at the end of your comfort zone. [Video]. YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmN4xOGkxGo  Standard YouTube License. 

Media Attributions

  • Audience clapping © Alex Motoc is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  • jose-aragones-81QkOoPGahY-unsplash © Jose Aragones is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Advanced Public Speaking Copyright © 2021 by Lynn Meade is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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Frantically Speaking

15 Powerful Speech Ending Lines (And Tips to Create Your Own)

Hitiksha jain.

  • Public Speaking , Speech Writing

15 powerful speech ending and ways to create your own

A powerful speech ending line helps you recapture the essence of your speech: your main points and the purpose of why you spoke.

Basically, it is a summary of your dominant points. 

The words you say at the beginning, and especially at the end of your talk will be remembered longer than any other part of your speech. (This doesn’t mean the body of your speech has no importance.)

The beginning of your speech needs to be strong because it grips the attention of your audience. If that falls apart, they might lose interest in your speech. To avoid such a situation, here’s an article on 15 Powerful Speech Opening Lines (And How to Create Your Own) that you can refer to.

It has happened time after time- a speaker has concluded his speech with no conclusion or a simple “Thank you!” which made their impactful and amazing speech entirely fall apart.

An ineffective conclusion or no conclusion makes your speech lose its charm and the energy that has been created. This leaves your audience in a state of confusion and disappointment. 

Remember, the conclusion of your speech is NOT the time to introduce new points or new supporting evidence; doing so will all the more confuse the listeners. 

Instead, a conclusion is like tying a bow or ribbon to a box of your key ideas that your audience will be taking along with them. Meaning, it’s the final touch that makes your speech stand out and memorable.

So, how can you end your speech with a bang? To discover it, let’s jump in to the 15 powerful speech ending lines and ways to create your own:

1) Abraham Lincoln

Speech ending line: “And this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the Earth.”

How to use The Rule Of Three to end your speech?

The Rule of Three is an effective technique that allows you to express your ideas more completely by emphasizing your points and increasing the memorability of your message.

Dale Carneige once said, 

“Tell them what you are going to tell them, tell them, then tell them what you just told them.”

Information when presented in a group of three sticks in our head better than say, groups of four or five.

The answer is simple! We humans are generally good at pattern recognition and three is the smallest number needed to make a pattern. When used at the end of a speech, you can create maximum impact, (obviously) if said in a proper tone of voice. 

Repeating your ideas can make your message more persuasive, memorable, and entertaining.

Since, the conclusion is your last chance as a speaker to drive home your ideas, you need to repeat and emphasize phrases, sentences and words to make others remember your key message. 

The repetition of phrases and sentences should be such that it creates a micro story of your entire speech. 

If you are trying to incorporate the rule of three in your speech and need guidance to do so. Here’s an article on The Power of the Rule of Three in Speech Writing that might help you!

2) Simon Sinek

Speech ending line: “Listen to politicians now, with their comprehensive 12-point plans. They’re not inspiring anybody. Because there are leaders and there are those who lead. Leaders hold a position of power or authority, but those who lead inspire us. Whether they’re individuals or organizations, we follow those who lead, not because we have to, but because we want to. We follow those who lead, not for them, but for ourselves. And it’s those who start with “why” that have the ability to inspire those around them or find others who inspire them.”

How to mark an end of a speech with a story?

Telling stories can do wonders in making your speech a memorable one. Because we as humans relate to stories. 

Using an effective and persuasive story at the end can engage the audience, evoke empathy, increase trust and motivate action.

Your story should be crafted in such a way that it sums up your entire speech. But don’t forget, it needs to be short and sweet.

You can start your story by saying, “Let me tell you a story that illustrates what I have been talking about…”

To make your speech/story worth remembering, you can try these various storytelling approaches mentioned in this article- 9 Storytelling Approaches For Your Next Speech or Presentation .

3) Les Brown

Speech ending line: “If you want a thing bad enough To go out and fight for it, Work day and night for it, Give up your time and your peace and Your sleep for it

If only desire of it Makes you quite mad enough Never to tire of it, Makes you hold all other things tawdry And cheap for it

If life seems all empty and useless without it And all that you scheme and you dream is about it,

If gladly you’ll sweat for it, Fret for it, Plan for it, Lose all your terror of God or man for it,

If you’ll simply go after that thing that you want. With all your capacity, Strength and sagacity, Faith, hope and confidence, stern pertinacity,

If neither cold, poverty, famished and gaunt, Nor sickness nor pain Of body or brain Can turn you away from the thing that you want,

If dogged and grim you besiege and beset it, You’ll get it.”

How to end a speech with a poem?

This works similar to the notion of storytelling. 

You can end your speech with a poem that summarizes your entire speech. To do this you can either make your own or select the one that works the best for your speech. If you select one, remember to cite the source.

While reciting a poem add emotions and drama to your words, raise your voice on a key line of the poem and pause whenever required.

Poetry is a powerful way to get your point across because it helps you create an impression in your audiences’ mind. If you are planning to tap into poetry for your next speech, we have written an article- Getting Your ‘Wordsworth’: Poetry in Public Speaking that you can review to get some tips on how to add a poem in your speech.

4) Sir Ken Robinson

Speech ending line: “There’s a wonderful quote from Benjamin Franklin. “There are three sorts of people in the world: Those who are immovable, people who don’t get it, or don’t want to do anything about it; there are people who are movable, people who see the need for change and are prepared to listen to it; and there are people who move, people who make things happen.” And if we can encourage more people, that will be a movement. And if the movement is strong enough, that’s, in the best sense of the word, a revolution. And that’s what we need.”

How to close a speech with a memorable quote?

Quotations are usually concise and memorable phrasing of an idea. (This is why we repeat and remember quotations, right?)

The sole reason to quote material is that it reinforces your ideas. A quotation offers a second voice echoing your claims which is more powerful than simply just repeating yourself.

So, your quote should be such that summarizes your main idea. You can quote words of an expert, a person who spoke before you at an event or something in your own words.

Tips for using quotations in your speech:

  • Phrasing it correctly can help boost your credibility
  • Don’t quote anything outside your context

Taking the above example of Sir Ken Robinson, the quoted words at the end of his speech summarized the heart of his speech.

5) Lera Boroditsky

Speech ending line: “It’s how the language that you speak shapes the way that you think. And that gives you the opportunity to ask, “Why do I think the way that I do?” “How could I think differently?” And also, “What thoughts do I wish to create?”

How to end a speech with a question?

You can try and engage your audience with questions that will get them thinking.

It is often effective to end with a rhetorical question that captures the message and leaves the audience thinking—especially one that directly ties in your CTA. For instance:

“What choice will you make when you leave here today? Will you ____(your key message), or will you go about your normal routine?”

See how Lera Boroditsky leaves her audience with a set of questions rattling around their minds.

6) Melissa Butler  

Speech ending line: “So I challenge each of you, when you go home today, look at yourself in the mirror, see all of you, look at all of your greatness that you embody, accept it, and love it. And finally, when you leave the house tomorrow, try to extend that same love and acceptance to someone who doesn’t look like you. Thank you.”

How to give a challenge close to your speech?

In the above example, Melissa Butler used a challenge close to force her audience to take action over something.

In this type of closing, you challenge your audience to apply whatever you spoke in your speech and engage them in thought or action.

A good way to do that is to make sure they know you’re aware of the challenges that exist, and that you have concrete and actionable solutions to it.

To do this, you can have a bit of a forceful tone of voice to make a failure process a learning one.

Do express your belief in them and focus on setting a high bar, but an achievable one.

7) Brian Kateman

Speech ending line: “You can change the world by ordering a smaller steak, or doing something more. But don’t just sit by and ignore what you already know. Consider eating less meat and be a reducetarian.

Save our planet, improve your health, and save a lot of animals.”

How to end a speech by giving a solution to a concern?

This type of closing is suitable for speeches where you talk about a problem and give a solution for the same.

First you introduce the problem and explain why the audience should be concerned about it.

While concluding, you provide a practical solution to the stated concern. 

Look at how Brian Kateman states a problem: The battle between vegans, vegetarians, and everyone else and ends up giving a pragmatic solution.

8) Anjelah Johnson

Speech ending line: “Really?! It’s funny because my finger didn’t do like that before I came in here.” “It’s okay honey, don’t worry. I’ll fix it for you, don’t worry.” (Imitates talking in Vietnamese) (Laughter) (Laughter) (Stops talking Vietnamese) “Oh, see? You look so pretty!” God bless, you guys.”

How to leave your audience with a good laugh?

Wouldn’t you love leaving your audience with a good laugh? Ending your speech with humor can help you to do so. 

But you need to use them with caution. Tell jokes that are related to your speech. And avoid telling offensive jokes.

You can add anecdotes and funny stories that have happened in real life since it’s easy to relate to and, if said in a correct manner, you can have your audience laughing while hitting your message home!

Tips to deliver a good humor:

  • Surprise your audience by breaking their expectations with the help of a good setup and punchline. Setup creates a specific expectation in people’s minds and a punchline reveals the surprise. For instance, “I believe that each person can make a difference (setup), but it’s so slight that there’s basically no point (punch)”
  • Try and impersonate your dialogues or the characters as it will make your listeners feel they are in the scene
  • You can twist the literal meaning of a word. Example- Everybody looked up to me in college because I was the tallest of all
  • You can also incorporate the rule of three that works similar to the setup and punchline technique i.e. setup, setup, punch. Take an example of Elicia Sanchez, “I was a super nerd when I was a kid. I liked video games, I liked comic books, I was the youngest mage in the D&D campaign I was part of with 30-year-olds at the Yardbirds in Centralia, Washington.”

Apart from this, always test and rehearse the humor that you are going to incorporate and ask for honest feedback. Also, make sure the jokes and stories you use add value to your point and are insightful

9) Yubing Zhang

Speech ending line: “As the words said high on the bungee platform, “Life begins at the edge of your comfort zone.”

How to end a speech using the circle theory?

Here, the idea is to take your audience on a journey and get them back to the place from where you started, making a circle.

Meaning, you refer back to what you started with (movie, words, quote).

Yubing Zhang begins her speech with- Life Begins at The Edge of Your Comfort Zone” and ends with the same. 

You can bookend your speech in different ways:

  • You can end by referencing your opening
  • Concluding words can contrast from your opening words.
  • Open with a question and answer it at the end 

We have written an in-depth article on 7 Techniques to Bookending Your Speech: Guidelines and Examples . Review it for some inspiration!

10) BJ Miller

Speech ending line: “Parts of me died early on, and that’s something we can all say one way or another. I got to redesign my life around this fact, and I tell you it has been a liberation to realize you can always find a shock of beauty or meaning in what life you have left, like that snowball lasting for a perfect moment, all the while melting away. If we love such moments ferociously, then maybe we can learn to live well — not in spite of death, but because of it. Let death be what takes us, not lack of imagination.”

How to close a speech with an inspiring note?

Okay, let’s be real here. We humans are dealing with problems, difficulties, challenges, disappointments, setbacks, and temporary failures.

Ending your speech with an uplifting talk that gives a ray of hope might encourage your audience.

“Inspiring your audience is all about helping them see their own vision, not yours.” Anonymous

If your hope is to inspire your audience then your material needs to be about them and ways on how they can grow .

To do so you can opt for stories or share your personal experiences to get your message alive, but you need to paint a picture of what your audiences’ vision is when it comes to themselves and how you can help them achieve that vision by your talk.

11) Dr. Shashi Tharoor

Speech ending line: “95% of our 12 year-olds across India can read and write. So the future looks good. And as far as the workforce is concerned, if we can get all these other pieces in place, we can say to the rest of the world, “We are coming.”

How to end your speech with facts?

Adding only facts in a speech can make it boring, right? Because there’s nothing entertaining about that.

Well, this wouldn’t be a case when you use the right facts in a proper way and at a proper time. 

Adding facts as a speech ending line can be a way through which you can re-engage your audience, leaving them mesmerized. 

Incorporate only those facts that are relevant to your topic because you don’t want to make them apathetic towards you.

Present your facts in a creative manner. For instance, asking a question after when you stated the fact, audience poll, or add humor.

Trying to add facts in your speech without making it sound boring? Here’s an article- 11 Steps to Add Facts in A Speech Without Making It Boring that can guide you. 

12) Cameron Russell

Speech ending line: “If there’s a takeaway to this talk, I hope it’s that we all feel more comfortable acknowledging the power of image in our perceived successes and our perceived failures.”  

How to leave your audience with a piece of advice?

This works similar to the fact concept.

Your advices should get your audience encouraged about something and not discourage them or make them feel incompetent.

Try to chunk your advice into simple steps that your audience can follow. Inject emotions, relate it to your own experience (if possible) and make it inspirational.

The sole purpose of giving advice is to help someone. Don’t forget that!

Because a lot of times the advice is created on the basis of expectation and not understanding others. To simplify it, you need to understand the problem that your audience is facing and then advise them keeping your expectations and judgements aside.

Look at how Cameron Russell makes people feel good about themselves by empowering them regardless of the topic.

13) Nora Mclnerny

Speech ending line: “But yes, absolutely, they’re going to move forward. But that doesn’t mean that they’ve moved on.”

How to use a title close to end your speech?

To give your speech a title close, your speech needs to have a provocative title that encapsulates your message memorably. 

Use the title of your speech as your closing words to stir your audience to think more fully about what they just heard, reinforcing the title of your speech mentioned earlier.

14) Alfred Chuang

Speech ending line: “A new world is on the horizon. And it will be more incredible than any of us can possibly imagine. Our greatest innovations are ahead of us, not behind. But we need great engineers to build that world for us. And that’s you. We need you to not give up. Ever. We need you to finish your projects. Done, done, done. We need you to leverage the power of an immigrant-rich workforce. And we need you all to be a little insane.”

How to make a direct call to action at the end of your speech?

A well constructed and presented speech is the one that changes people’s mind and ignites action.

The call to action comes right before the end of a persuasive speech. Here, you clearly tell the audience the role they can play after they leave your talk.

It serves as a road map that your listeners can follow after when they are thoroughly gripped to your idea. Because they exactly know what they need to do.

In the above example, you can see how Alfred Chuang delivered a powerful CTA, as he clearly explains what listeners can do to push his idea forward.

Barring this type of a CTA, the other forms include signing a petition, buying your product, visiting your website.

15) Barack Obama

Speech ending line: “So let’s get to work, people. Let’s bring this home. I love you, Philadelphia. Honk if you’re fired up, honk if you’re ready to go. Are you fired up?”

How to use an appeal to end your speech?

The most common closing for a persuasive speech can be an appeal for action.

You can shape your appeal according to who your intended audience is and the purpose of you talking to them.

One of the best ways to make an appeal is by tapping into their emotions in order to form a deeper connection with the listeners.

Avoid making your message too pushy. Instead, try and make your content relatable and valuable for them. This is when the audience is much more likely to pay attention to you.

Valuable reads: The Secret of Writing a Persuasive Speech 

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Final Thoughts

Depending on the type of speech you are presenting, you will be asking the audience for something. And that can be- asking them to act in a certain way, or to change their attitude towards a certain person or topic or simply make them understand what you’re trying to say.

Nonetheless, the conclusion of your speech is to leave the audience positively motivated towards you and the topic you have been presenting. 

Hopefully, these 15 examples will guide you to create your own speech ending line that is impactful.

Let us know in the comments below which one worked for you.

Still looking for inspiration? Check out this video we made on closing remarks:

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  • How to end a speech effectively

How to end a speech memorably

3 ways to close a speech effectively.

By:  Susan Dugdale  | Last modified: 09-05-2022

Knowing how, and when, to end a speech is just as important as knowing how to begin. Truly.

What's on this page:

  • why closing well is important
  • 3 effective speech conclusions with examples and audio
  • 7 common ways people end their speeches badly  - what happens when you fail to plan to end a speech memorably
  • How to end a Maid Honor speech: 20 examples
  • links to research showing the benefits of finishing a speech strongly

Image: Stop talking. It's the end. Finish. Time's up.

Why ending a speech well is important

Research *  tells us people most commonly remember the first and last thing they hear when listening to a speech, seminar or lecture.

Therefore if you want the audience's attention and, your speech to create a lasting impression sliding out with:  "Well, that's all I've got say. My time's up anyway. Yeah - so thanks for listening, I guess.",  isn't going to do it.

So what will?

* See the foot of the page for links to studies and articles on what and how people remember : primacy and recency.

Three effective speech conclusions

Here are three of the best ways to end a speech. Each ensures your speech finishes strongly rather than limping sadly off to sure oblivion.

You'll need a summary of your most important key points followed by the ending of your choice:

  • a powerful quotation
  • a challenge
  • a call back

To work out which of these to use, ask yourself what you want audience members to do or feel as a result of listening to your speech. For instance;

  • Do you want to motivate them to work harder?
  • Do you want them to join the cause you are promoting?
  • Do you want them to remember a person and their unique qualities?

What you choose to do with your last words should support the overall purpose of your speech.

Let's look at three different scenarios showing each of these ways to end a speech.

To really get a feel for how they work try each of them out loud yourself and listen to the recordings.

1. How to end a speech with a powerful quotation

Image: Martin Luther King Jr. Text:The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.

Your speech purpose is to inspire people to join your cause. Specifically you want their signatures on a petition lobbying for change and you have everything ready to enable them to sign as soon as you have stopped talking.

You've summarized the main points and want a closing statement at the end of your speech to propel the audience into action.

Borrowing words from a revered and respected leader aligns your cause with those they fought for, powerfully blending the past with the present.

For example:

"Martin Luther King, Jr said 'The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.'

Now is the time to decide. Now is the time to act. 

Here's the petition. Here's the pen. And here's the space for your signature.

Now, where do you stand?"

Try it out loud and listen to the audio

Try saying this out loud for yourself. Listen for the cumulative impact of: an inspirational quote, plus the rhythm and repetition (two lots of 'Now is the time to...', three of 'Here's the...', three repeats of the word 'now') along with a rhetorical question to finish.

Click the link to hear a recording of it:  sample speech ending with a powerful quotation .

2. How to end a speech with a challenge

Image: New Zealand Railway poster - 'Great Place this Hermitage', Mt Cook c.1931. ((10468981965) Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Your speech purpose is to motivate your sales force.

You've covered the main points in the body of it, including introducing an incentive: a holiday as a reward for the best sales figures over the next three weeks.

You've summarized the important points and have reached the end of your speech. The final words are a challenge, made even stronger by the use of those two extremely effective techniques: repetition and rhetorical questions.

"You have three weeks from the time you leave this hall to make that dream family holiday in New Zealand yours.

Can you do it?

Will you do it?

The kids will love it.

Your wife, or your husband, or your partner, will love it.

Do it now!"

Click the link to listen to a recording of it: sample speech ending with a challenge . And do give it a go yourself.

3. How to end a speech with a call back

Image: Spring time oak tree leaves against a blue sky. Text: Every blue sky summer's day I'll see Amy in my mind. How end a speech with a call back.

Your speech purpose is to honor the memory of a dear friend who has passed  away.

You've briefly revisited the main points of your speech and wish in your closing words to  leave the members of the audience with a happy and comforting take-home message or image to dwell on.

Earlier in the speech you told a poignant short story. It's that you return to, or call back.

Here's an example of what you could say:

"Remember that idyllic picnic I told you about?

Every blue sky summer's day I'll see Amy in my mind.

Her red picnic rug will be spread on green grass under the shade of an old oak tree. There'll be food, friends and laughter.

I'll see her smile, her pleasure at sharing the simple good things of life, and I know what she'd say too. I can hear her.

"Come on, try a piece of pie. My passing is not the end of the world you know."

Click the link to hear a recording of it: sample speech ending with a call back . Try it out for yourself too. (For some reason, this one is a wee bit crackly. Apologies for that!)

When you don't plan how to end a speech...

That old cliché 'failing to plan is planning to fail' can bite and its teeth are sharp.

The 'Wing It' Department * delivers lessons learned the hard way. I know from personal experience and remember the pain!

How many of these traps have caught you?

  • having no conclusion and whimpering out on a shrug of the shoulders followed by a weak,  'Yeah, well, that's all, I guess.',  type of line.
  • not practicing while timing yourself and running out of it long before getting to your prepared conclusion. (If you're in Toastmasters where speeches are timed you'll know when your allotted time is up, that means, finish. Stop talking now, and sit down. A few seconds over time can be the difference between winning and losing a speech competition.)
  • ending with an apology undermining your credibility. For example:  'Sorry for going on so long. I know it can be a bit boring listening to someone like me.'  
  • adding new material just as you finish which confuses your audience. The introduction of information belongs in the body of your speech.
  • making the ending too long in comparison to the rest of your speech.
  • using a different style or tone that doesn't fit with what went before it which puzzles listeners.
  • ending abruptly without preparing the audience for the conclusion. Without a transition, signal or indication you're coming to the end of your talk they're left waiting for more.

* Re  The 'Wing It' Department

One of the most galling parts of ending a speech weakly is knowing it's avoidable. Ninety nine percent of the time it didn't have to happen that way. But that's the consequence of 'winging it', trying to do something without putting the necessary thought and effort in.

It's such a sod when there's no one to blame for the poor conclusion of your speech but yourself! ☺

How to end a Maid of Honor speech: 20 examples

More endings! These are for Maid of Honor speeches. There's twenty examples of varying types: funny, ones using Biblical and other quotations... Go to: how to end a Maid of Honor speech    

Label: old fashioned roses in background. Text: 20 Maid of Honor speech endings.

How to write a speech introduction

Now that you know how to end a speech effectively, find out how to open one well. Discover the right hook to use to captivate your audience.

Find out more: How to write a speech introduction: 12 of the very best ways to open a speech .

Retro Label: 12 ways to hook an audience

More speech writing help

Image: creativity in progress sign. Text: How to write a speech

You do not need to flail around not knowing what to do, or where to start.

Visit this page to find out about  structuring and writing a speech . 

You'll find information on writing the body, opening and conclusion as well as those all important transitions. There's also links to pages to help you with preparing a speech outline, cue cards, rehearsal, and more. 

Research on what, and how, people remember: primacy and recency 

McLeod, S. A. (2008).  Serial position effect .  (Primacy and recency, first and last)  Simply Psychology.

Hopper, Elizabeth. "What Is the Recency Effect in Psychology?" ThoughtCo, Feb. 29, 2020.

ScienceDirect: Recency Effect - an overview of articles from academic Journals & Books covering the topic.

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9 Tips to End a Speech With a Bang

A good talk or public speech is like a good play, movie, or song.

It opens by arresting the listener’s attention, develops point by point, and then ends strongly.

The truth is, if you don’t know how to end a speech, the overall message won’t be persuasive and your key points may get lost.

The words you say at the beginning, and especially at the end of your talk, are usually the most persuasive parts of the speech and will be remembered longer than almost any other part of your speech.

Some of the great speeches in history and some of the most memorable Ted talks have ended with powerful, stirring words that live on in memory.

How do you end a speech and get the standing ovation that you deserve?

Keep reading to discover how…

Here are 9 tips and examples for concluding a speech.

1) Plan Your Closing Remarks Word for Word

To ensure that your conclusion is as powerful as it can be, you must plan it word for word.

Ask yourself, “What is the purpose of this talk?”

Your answer should involve the actions that you want your listeners to take after hearing you speak on this subject.

When you are clear about the end result you desire, it becomes much easier to design a conclusion that asks your listeners to take that action.

The best strategy for ending with a BANG is to plan your close before you plan the rest of your speech.

You then go back and design your opening so that it sets the stage for your conclusion.

The body of your talk is where you present your ideas and make your case for what you want the audience to think, remember, and do after hearing you speak.

2) Always End a Speech With a Call to Action

It is especially important to tell the audience what you want it to do as a result of hearing you speak.

A call to action is the best way to wrap up your talk with strength and power.

Here is a Speech Conclusion Call to Action Example

“We have great challenges and great opportunities, and with your help, we will meet them and make this next year the best year in our history!”

Whatever you say, imagine an exclamation point at the end. As you approach the conclusion, pick up your energy and tempo.  This is even more important if the presentation you are giving is virtual .

Speak with strength and emphasis.

Drive the final point home.

Regardless of whether the audience participants agree with you or are willing to do what you ask, it should be perfectly clear to them what you are requesting.

3) End a Speech With a Summary

There is a simple formula for any talk:

  • Tell them what you are going to tell them.
  • Then, tell them what you told them.

As you approach the end of your talk, say something like,

“Let me briefly restate these main points…”

You then list your key points, one by one, and repeat them to the audience, showing how each of them links to the other points.

Audiences appreciate a linear repetition of what they have just heard.

This makes it clear that you are coming to the end of your talk.

4) Close with a story

As you reach the end of your talk, you can say,

“Let me tell you a story that illustrates what I have been talking about…”

You then tell a brief story with a moral and then tell the audience what the moral is.

Don’t leave it to them to figure out for themselves.

Often you can close with a story that illustrates your key points and then clearly links to the key message that you are making with your speech.

To learn more about storytelling in speaking, you can read my previous blog post “8 Public Speaking Tips to Wow Your Audience.”

Here’s a recap of these 4 tips in a video…

5) Make Them Laugh

You can close with humor.

You can tell a joke that loops back into your subject and repeats the lesson or main point you are making with a story that makes everyone laugh.

During my talks on planning and persistence, I discuss the biggest enemy that we have, which is the tendency to follow the path of least resistance. I then tell this story.

Ole and Sven are out hunting in Minnesota and they shoot a deer. They begin dragging the deer back to the truck by the tail, but they keep slipping and losing both their grip and their balance.

A farmer comes along and asks them, “What are you boys doing?”

They reply, “We’re dragging the deer back to the truck.”

The farmer tells them, “You are not supposed to drag a deer by the tail. You’re supposed to drag the deer by the handles. They’re called antlers. You’re supposed to drag a deer by the antlers.”

Ole and Sven say, “Thank you very much for the idea.”

They begin pulling the deer by the antlers. After about five minutes, they are making rapid progress. Ole says to Sven, “Sven, the farmer was right. It goes a lot easier by the antlers.”

Sven replies, “Yeah, but we’re getting farther and farther from the truck.”

After the laughter dies down, I say…

“The majority of people in life are pulling the easy way, but they are getting further and further from the ‘truck’ or their real goals and objectives.”

That’s just one example of closing using humor.

6) Make It Rhyme

You can close with a poem.

There are many fine poems that contain messages that summarize the key points you want to make.

You can select a poem that is moving, dramatic, or emotional.

For years I ended seminars with the poem, “Don’t Quit,” or “Carry On!” by Robert W. Service. It was always well received by the audience.

7) Close With Inspiration

You can end a speech with something inspirational as well.

If you have given an uplifting talk, remember that hope is and has always been, the main religion of mankind.

People love to be motivated and inspired to be or do something different and better in the future.

Here are a few of my favorite inspirational quotes that can be tied into most speeches.  You can also read this collection of leadership quotes for further inspiration.

Remember, everyone in your audience is dealing with problems, difficulties, challenges, disappointments, setbacks, and temporary failures.

For this reason, everyone appreciates a poem, quote or story of encouragement that gives them strength and courage.

Here are 7 Tips to Tell an Inspiring Poem or Story to End Your Speech

  • You have to slow down and add emotion and drama to your words.
  • Raise your voice on a key line of the poem, and then drop it when you’re saying something that is intimate and emotional.
  • Pick up the tempo occasionally as you go through the story or poem, but them slow down on the most memorable parts.
  • Especially, double the number of pauses you normally use in a conversation.
  • Use dramatic pauses at the end of a line to allow the audience to digest the words and catch up with you.
  • Smile if the line is funny, and be serious if the line is more thought-provoking or emotional.
  • When you come to the end of your talk, be sure to bring your voice up on the last line, rather than letting it drop. Remember the “exclamation point” at the end.

Try practicing on this poem that I referenced above…

Read through “Carry On!” by Robert Service .

Identify the key lines, intimate parts, and memorable parts, and recite it.

8) Make it Clear That You’re Done

When you say your final words, it should be clear to everyone that you have ended. There should be no ambiguity or confusion in the mind of your audience. The audience members should know that this is the end.

Many speakers just allow their talks to wind down.

They say something with filler words like, “Well, that just about covers it. Thank you.”

This isn’t a good idea…

It’s not powerful…

It’s not an authoritative ending and thus detracts from your credibility and influence.

When you have concluded, discipline yourself to stand perfectly still. Select a friendly face in the audience and look straight at that person.

If it is appropriate, smile warmly at that person to signal that your speech has come to an end.

Resist the temptation to:

  • Shuffle papers.
  • Fidget with your clothes or microphone.
  • Move forward, backward, or sideways.
  • Do anything else except stand solidly, like a tree.

9) Let Them Applaud

When you have finished your talk, the audience members will want to applaud…

What they need from you is a clear signal that now is the time to begin clapping.

How do you signal this?

Some people will recognize sooner than others that you have concluded your remarks.

In many cases, when you make your concluding comments and stop talking, the audience members will be completely silent.

They may be unsure whether you are finished.

They may be processing your final remarks and thinking them over. They may not know what to do until someone else does something.

In a few seconds, which will often feel like several minutes, people will applaud.

First one…

Then another…

Then the entire audience will begin clapping.

When someone begins to applaud, look directly at that person, smile, and mouth the words thank you.

As more and more people applaud, sweep slowly from person to person, nodding, smiling and saying, “Thank You.”

Eventually, the whole room will be clapping.

There’s no better reward for overcoming your fear of public speaking than enjoying a round of applause.

BONUS TIP: How to Handle a Standing Ovation

If you have given a moving talk and really connected with your audience, someone will stand up and applaud. When this happens, encourage others by looking directly at the clapper and saying, “Thank you.”

This will often prompt other members of the audience to stand.

As people see others standing, they will stand as well, applauding the whole time.

It is not uncommon for a speaker to conclude his or her remarks, stand silently, and have the entire audience sit silently in response.

Stand Comfortably and Shake Hands

But as the speaker stands there comfortably, waiting for the audience to realize the talk is over, one by one people will begin to applaud and often stand up one by one.

If the first row of audience members is close in front of you, step or lean forward and shake that person’s hand when one of them stands up to applaud.

When you shake hands with one person in the audience, many other people in the audience feel that you are shaking their hands and congratulating them as well.

They will then stand up and applaud.

Soon the whole room will be standing and applauding.

Whether you receive a standing ovation or not, if your introducer comes back on to thank you on behalf of the audience, smile and shake their hand warmly.

If it’s appropriate, give the introducer a hug of thanks, wave in a friendly way to the audience, and then move aside and give the introducer the stage.

Follow these tips to get that standing ovation every time.

« Previous Post 8 Public Speaking Techniques to Wow Your Audience Next Post » 15 Ways to Start a Speech + Bonus Tips

About Brian Tracy — Brian is recognized as the top sales training and personal success authority in the world today. He has authored more than 60 books and has produced more than 500 audio and video learning programs on sales, management, business success and personal development, including worldwide bestseller The Psychology of Achievement. Brian's goal is to help you achieve your personal and business goals faster and easier than you ever imagined. You can follow him on Twitter , Facebook , Pinterest , Linkedin and Youtube .

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Practical Media Training and Public Speaking Tips

How to Close a Speech – 15 Unique Ways

ending words of a speech

The question of how to close a speech is an important one that every presenter must ask, given the weight those final words have on your audience.

As the open of your speech sets the stage, your close seals the deal. It is your last chance to restate a key idea, make a final impression, inspire the audience, move a group to action, or change a person’s perspective. A tall order, yes, but it’s far from impossible.

When speakers think about how to close a presentation, there are several key elements to consider when it comes to their close:

  • Is it engaging?
  • Does it reiterate your message?
  • Have you clearly identified the next step you want your audience to take?

Too often, speakers mistakenly believe that the audience will be able to infer what they should do next. The truth of the matter is even the most talented presenter can benefit from sending the audience off with a clear call to action . When it is specific, easy to execute, and aligns with their needs, wants, and concerns, they are more likely to take you up on your request.

Since these final words are so important, you’ll want to make a singular impression.

Here, we offer 15 unique ways to close a speech.

15 Unique Ways to End a Speech

These presentation closes highlight many different approaches in how to end a speech that work for our clients in our public speaking classes . What they are not are recipes for quick escapes. Save the “thank you for your time,” “feel free to email or call me with questions,” and “that’s all I have for today” for another day. Your close is what you want them to remember, so make sure it’s something they can’t forget.

1. The Summary Close –  Let’s talk turkey. This close is about the most straightforward, direct, and unequivocal one in the list. In the annals of how to close a presentation speech, it also could be called the “recap” close. If you opt to close a speech with a summary, you want to be clear with your biggest idea and convey to the audience that it is what you want them to remember. That doesn’t mean, however, the summary close is never engaging.

For example, you’re a doctor who is encouraging an audience to adopt lifestyle changes that can lead to longevity. You could end your talk by saying:

“In conclusion, while genetics plays an important role in our lifespans, there are decisions you can make that can improve your chances for a longer and more productive life. There are three letters I want you to remember, “i”, “a,” and “n.” Why? They come at the end of three important words: octogenarian, nonagenarian, and centenarian. If you plan to be active in your 80s, 90s, and 100s, you better start eating better, getting more exercise, eliminating unnecessary stress, and scheduling those routine screenings. A thriving future is in your hands.”

illustration of The Ants and the Grasshopper

2. The Illustrative Close – The artistry in this close comes from your ability to appropriate a first- or third-person anecdote, case study, or fable; an apocryphal (fictional but plausible) tale; or another storytelling device to serve as an illustration of the main points you made during your talk. Quick tip: Many talks begin and end in this manner.

Example No. 1: You are a senior vice president of a nonprofit that provides health and humanitarian care to locations around the world. You are talking to a group of would-be donors about the significance of their contributions. You decide to end your speech with a personal experience.

“I’ve spent the past 20 minutes encouraging you to dig into those pockets to help make the world a better place for others. I want to tell you one more story. It’s about a personal decision I made some 10 years ago after visiting a coffee shop. I plunked down my two dollars, grabbed my coffee, and headed out the door. During my five-minute walk back to my office, my one-minute walk up the stairs, and the four minutes I spent catching up on email, I had finished it. In 10 minutes, I had managed to spend and consume the amount of money that the world’s poorest people live on in a day. Could I give up that coffee to help others? You bet I could, and I did. Since then, no matter what else I donate each year, it always contains $520, what I call my “coffee fund.” Simple measures not only add up but have the power to change lives.”

Example No. 2:

You are a guidance counselor who is speaking to a group of students who are applying to college. Throughout your talk, you impress upon them the importance of planning and setting deadlines. You could end your speech by referencing Aesop’s fable The Ants and the Grasshopper .

“I want to tell you all a story, and perhaps it is one you remember. Long ago, a grasshopper decided to spend his summer making music and otherwise lazing about. In contrast, a group of ants busily set aside food for the winter. The grasshopper thought he would be fine if he waited to the last minute. He wasn’t, nor will you be if you put off the tasks that need to be done today. Applying for college is an intense and important process that can’t be rushed at the end.”

3. The Surprise Close – Some of the best movie endings of all time were wicked twists, surprising conclusions, and outright shockers. Why are they so memorable? First, they are unexpected. It turns out our brains are more active when we experience something we didn’t anticipate. Second, we expected a different conclusion. When a pattern is broken, we become particularly attuned to what comes next . When you close a speech with a surprise ending , you are signaling to your audience to listen up. Here are some ways to do that:

  • Your talk is about how positive thinking gives you the power to overcome overwhelming obstacles. Your talk has been about a woman who “beat the odds.” At the end, you reveal that person is you.
  • You lead a school building committee, and you are giving a presentation about the renovation plans for an 80-year-old school. You want to persuade the community to back the plan. As you end your speech, you concede that speaking about the design is a lot less effective than seeing it. You could close with this:
“We all know seeing is believing. So, while I do not have an actual building to show you, I want to take you on a virtual tour of our new middle school. You are the first to see this. (You reveal a screen and project a short video.) This plan provides for the students’ futures and doesn’t keep them stuck in the past.”

4. The Metaphor Close – When it comes to how to close a speech, you may feel that you are drowning in options, but if you take a careful look at your topic and what you want to convey, you will find it’s as easy as pie. We bet that’s music to your ears. Welcome to the metaphor close. We just gave you three. Metaphors are figures of speech that make an indirect comparison between two things that are symbolically similar but literally different. You are not literally drowning in options, but it sure can feel that way.

Here’s a way to employ this close: You are a spokesperson for a technology company that is releasing a new residential surveillance product. You outlined its merits throughout your talk and have arrived at the end. Here, we show you two closes, one without and one with a metaphor.

Example No. 1 (Without)

“Our proprietary technology makes our product stand out. By installing our surveillance system, you have – at your fingertips – one of the industry’s strongest lines of defense against would-be thieves, intruders, and other unwanted visitors.”

Example No. 2 (With)

“When you install our surveillance system, it is as if you have dozens of lookouts guarding your home.”

5. The Forward-Looking Close – Calling all dreamers and visionaries: Paint a picture of what the world might look like in the future. This speech close is a good option if you are talking about recommendations to adopt or future trends that could have a bearing on your topic. It’s important to create a vivid and vibrant picture to help the audience better visualize what it is you hope to accomplish. Say you are a financial advisor talking to a group 15 years away from retirement. During your talk, you have shared a portfolio of products and your firm’s approach to investment. Your close could be this:

“I have shared with you some tips and techniques that will help you to grow your money, so you have it when you need it most. We have talked about your bottom line, market variability, and the strategies that go into investing. But, I want to leave you with a different picture. When you pay attention to your investments today, your tomorrows will be spent poolside, hiking mountains, traveling the globe, learning a new skill, or finally attaining what you have always dreamed of doing. You will no longer be working for your money. Your money will be working for you.”

close a speech

6. The Backward-Looking Close – We move away from the future and reach into the past. Some audiences, including those who are discouraged or complacent, may need to be reminded of how far they have come. Say you are the manager of a sales team that has spent the past two years working full tilt to hit revenue goals. During your speech, you outlined an ambitious approach to the coming year that some audience members believe is unattainable. Your close, then, encourages them to move forward with confidence, given their past successes. You could offer this:

“I know how hard you all worked these past two years to increase revenue and create a more thriving and vibrant environment. You may not think it, but I can hear your silent groans of frustration. Yes, we do have an ambitious path before us. However, I have no doubts that you are all up to the task. In the past two years, you have taken a company with $500,000 a year in sales to one that clears $1 million. The expressions of doubt and concern that face me now were the same I saw two years ago. But guess what? During these past two years, whatever challenges we faced were met and managed quickly – and that is entirely due to your work ethic. I know we can do this. I know we will do this.”

7. The Next Steps Close – You probably have several to-do lists in your life. There are those that cover daily needs; others focus on short-term goals. There’s likely one lurking out there for long-term dreams, too. Although the timeframe may be different, each list has its own set of tasks that must be met to ensure that things get done. You can close a speech with a similar list. In this case, you want to lay out the sequence and timeline of steps needed to make a decision or achieve a goal.

8. The Rhetorical Question Close –  You don’t have to wait until the end, as rhetorical questions are effective throughout a talk. However, asking one at the conclusion of your presentation is powerful since the audience leaves with your question rattling around their minds. One of the most famous rhetorical questions came during a 1980 presidential debate between President Jimmy Carter and his challenger, Governor Ronald Reagan. In the ensuing years, Reagan’s message has become an oft-asked question during every presidential election cycle: “Are you better off than you were four years ago?” Here’s what he said to end that 1980 debate:

“Next Tuesday is Election Day. Next Tuesday all of you will go to the polls, will stand there in the polling place, and make a decision. I think when you make that decision, it might be well if you would ask yourself, are you better off than you were four years ago? Is it easier for you to go and buy things in the stores than it was four years ago? Is there more or less unemployment in the country than there was four years ago? Is America as respected throughout the world as it was? Do you feel that our security is as safe, that we’re as strong as we were four years ago?” And if you answer all of those questions yes, why then, I think your choice is very obvious as to whom you will vote for. If you don’t agree, if you don’t think that this course that we’ve been on for the last four years is what you would like to see us follow for the next four, then I could suggest another choice that you have.”

9. The Provocative Close – Merriam-Webster defines provocative as “serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate.” Of course, every presenter hopes to stimulate the minds of their audiences, but a provocative close snaps people to attention. Here’s how to end a presentation speech provocatively. For instance, you are:

Man with beard in front of a white background appears to be skeptical

  • Delivering a wake-up call – You conclude with a forceful call to action. This is particularly effective if you have power or hold sway over the group to whom you are presenting. For example, you have just delivered a talk to employees about a new technology they are going to have to learn – no ifs, ands, or buts.
  • Talking to a group that resists change – You could end with the consequences if no action is taken regarding your topic. You want to paint an “if we fail to act” vision, but it’s also important to take it easy. Too much negativity could lead to a sense of hopelessness, and hopelessness is not the greatest of motivators.

10. The PowerPoint Close – When you dispense with cluttered visual presentations and instead offer an image that draws your audience in, PowerPoint can create a memorable close. Powerful visuals encourage curiosity. Here are a few options to close a speech with a PowerPoint slide. You might project:

  • A photo that is seemingly unrelated to your speech topic and requires your explanation.
  • An image that is humorous but makes a profound point.
  • A line graph showing two potential outcomes – one if the audience gets involved and another if they don’t.

11. The Recommendation Close – In the long-running game show “Let’s Make a Deal,” contestants, who are dressed in outlandish costumes, are urged to, yes, make a deal for cash and prizes. They must choose a prize or gamble for another, which is often behind a curtain or some other wall or obstruction. “Let’s Make a Deal” contestants don’t know what’s behind the curtain, but your audience will. With the recommendation close, you provide your audience with the plusses and minuses of several different options – no curtains or costumes needed.

To be viewed as credible, however, you should offer honest pros and cons for each recommendation. It should not appear to the audience as if you are stacking the odds in favor of one column over the other. Just be mindful not to tip your hat, and the audience will get an unvarnished look at the options before them.

12. The Activity Close – As you can see, how to conclude a presentation speech is as unique to the presenter as it is to the message. In this close, you engage in an activity that drives your main message home. For instance, you could employ a group “pop quiz” to see how many of your key points landed. ( Added bonus: The feedback affords one more opportunity to clarify and reiterate what you want the audience to remember.) You could also end with some of the following activities:

You are a representative for a cosmetics company and are unveiling a new foundation. For your close, you break the audience into groups, provide samples, and ask the groups how it delivered. You run a government agency that is implementing a new program for requests for proposal. You are running some information sessions for contractors, consultants, and other businesses. For your close, you could lead participants through one test round of the system.

13. The Takeaway Close – Parents of young toddlers and teenagers do this every day, to mixed results, but when used to close a speech it can be entirely effective. You ask the audience to reflect on two or three things they heard you say that resonated with them the most. You might even ask them to write them down. The exercise has a twofold benefit – you get to see whether your messages stuck, and the audience is forced to recall what you said, but on their terms.

14. The “Since I Started Speaking” Close – This close works well when talking about a health issue, a societal phenomenon, or anything that can be explained through statistics and further broken down into concrete examples. Say, for instance, you are a spokesperson for a smoking cessation program, and you are talking to a group of employees about the dangers of smoking. After you have outlined how smoking leads to disease and is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, you could end with this:

“In the 60 seconds it will take me to finish my presentation, someone in the United States will have died from cigarette smoking. That happens every minute, making smoking the leading cause of preventable death in the United States. The dangers are real, and the dire consequences of smoking are relentless, yet it remains an unhealthy habit that too many are unable to quit. What will it take to make that change? After you leave here today, why don’t you take a minute and think of how much it costs you to smoke. Then think of what you could be doing with the money instead. Vacations? Home renovations? New bikes? A new wardrobe? Philanthropic pursuits? Find the incentive that finally gets you to stop lighting up. Quitting is difficult, but it isn’t impossible. And we’ll be here to help you, even if you fall down a few times along the way.”

Vintage cogs and gears mechanism in detail

15. The Relevance Close – In today’s fast-paced society, yesterday’s news ain’t what it used to be. A fresh tidbit during the morning news cycle is stale by lunchtime. Such an environment can make it hard for a presenter whose talk is historical or retrospective in nature. How to close a speech in this scenario? Connect old ways or thoughts to contemporary norms or thinking. Perhaps, you find that your topic reflects an adage that stands the test of time. Say you are a museum curator whose latest exhibition delves into the history of work and the machines that revolutionized different industries. You have just wrapped up a presentation about the show to a group of donors. You have laid out the main points and are heading for the close. Here are some closing techniques:

You might remind the audience how the machines of yesterday were once the state-of-art technology of their day. Then, encourage them to think about what will replace current technology and how that will affect the nature of work. Map out the historical line between an object of today with its predecessors to show how the technology of work is ever evolving. Find an adage or quote that covers the overall theme of how technology and human industry have been and will be linked into the future.

One caveat: For most talks, speakers would want to establish such a relevance early on (i.e., what now seems old was once state of the art). However, for some talks, such as the one referenced above, the moment might have more impact and resonance if it is saved until the end.

Need Help Closing Your Speech?

While every presenter needs to think about how to close a speech, the answer is not always going to be the same. It’s a personal decision that should reflect your personality, your goals, and the content of your presentation. You might choose one that is straightforward, traditional, creative, or innovative.

Whichever you choose, aim to end on a high note. This is not the time for quick goodbyes, mumbled thank-yous, or body language that suggests all you really want to do is flee. There are many public speaking tips  we share with our clients, and a key one is to remember that a presentation’s close is one of its most important parts.

It’s your last chance to make an impression on your audience – which in turn will help you to inspire them to think big, persuade them to change their perspective, or move them to action. Make it count!

Most speakers benefit from teaming any of these unique endings with a second close, which can make for a more powerful and memorable ending. Want to learn more? In this post , we delve into the art of wrapping up your talk with two closes, rather than just one. 

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How to End a Speech: The Best Tips and Examples

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Published Date : February 16, 2024

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As the introduction sets the stage, your conclusion seals the deal. The question, “How do you end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ?” is an essential query that each presenter or speaker must ask, given the final words’ impact and weight on your audience. 

Since your final words eventually have a lasting effect, you must make a striking thought to the people. Your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s ending is your last opportunity to reiterate the fundamental idea, inspire the listeners , motivate a group to take action, change an individual’s perspective, or make a final impression on them. 

If you are still wondering how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech that can appease your audience, then be worry-free because this guide can help you. Read this article to learn how to end a maid of honor Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , a graduation Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , and more because it contains the best tips and examples. 

Why is a Conclusion Important?

The audience is more likely not to forget the latest thing a speaker said due to the “Recency Effect” in learning. Hence, the conclusion of a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech serves as a signal to the audience that it is nearing the end, helping them recall the entire topic’s essential points. 

You can’t just suddenly stop speaking in front of your listeners because that will disappoint and confuse them. It is best to ensure they are left satisfied and knowledgeable about your speeches by closing them smoothly. 

Additionally, it is vital always to link your conclusion back to your introduction. The most effective way to do this method is through going back to your attention grabber or “hook.”

At the end of your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , it is where most of your audience’s lasting impression of everything you have said will form. Thus, if you ask how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , use its conclusion to secure the necessary components in your listeners’ minds. 

You might confuse, disappoint, or even leave the audience unconvinced without a satisfactory conclusion. With these thoughts, we can tell that it has a two-fold purpose: to signal the Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s end and reinforce the speaker’s message to the people. 

The Key Elements of a Good Conclusion

When contemplating how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , remember that your introduction is the appetizer, while your conclusion is its dessert. Conclusions must round off the topic and make a strong impression on people’s minds. 

To create a conclusion that will satisfy and sum up all the vital information from your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , consider these three key elements:

1. Reiterate the main idea

What is the central idea of your message? That is a secure place to start your conclusion. 

Above all, you have directed each part of your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech to support your topic, subject, or information. To start your conclusion, by all means, reiterate your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s main idea. 

Of course, making it different and fresh to the listeners would be best. You do not want to repeat it verbatim, making the audience feel like you are just redoing things. 

Somewhat loosen it up as you prepare to remind your audience why they would be well-provided to adopt your viewpoint or follow your suggestion. 

2. Summarize three primary points

Another vital element to answer your question on how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech is summarizing. For your overall summary, getting three main points is a good benchmark.

You do not have to restate each argument or claim because you can eventually pick three that you think are the most remarkable. In regards to your main idea, do not be dry and monotonous.

Avoid merely repeating three points; show your audience how those points strengthened your claim or Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . Draw them together into a single special force, supplementing weight to your primary idea. 

3. Close on a high note

Leave your audience pleased and satisfied but also wanting more. When you are closing your conclusion, consider ending it with a capturing, thought-provoking concept. 

You may want to raise a rhetorical question or state a notable quote from your research. From time to time, good quotations serve as illustrations, stating what we want to mention with a bit of Confidence <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Having confidence is to believe in yourself and your ability. When you're confident, it means you know your worth, and you're content and comfortable in your skin. When it comes to confidence in public speaking and presentation skills, it impacts your speech's delivery and how the audience receives it.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p><strong>How to display confidence in public speaking and presentation skills</strong></p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>During a speech, your look and demeanor affect your audience's perception of you. If you display a clear look of confidence, your audience will be more likely to respond to your message. Presentations, particularly, can be challenging. Having a confident exterior can endear you to the people you're presenting to and make them more likely to engage with you. Displaying confidence in public speaking and presentation skills can make or break your speech or presentation. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p><strong>How to display </strong><strong>confidence in public speaking</strong></p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Maintain an open stance</li><li>Maintain eye contact</li><li>Use positive body language.</li><li>Move around the stage self-assuredly.</li><li>Incorporate meaningful pauses</li><li>Prepare extensively before your presentation.</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/confidence/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">confidence and style. 

Another method to add some “food for thought” to your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s conclusion is to connect your primary idea to a more in-depth scenario. Also, note that your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s closing line needs extra effort . 

The portion acts as your last opportunity to make it stick, so never introduce new information in your ending. Additional information can confuse your listeners and take them away from the essential features of a conclusion, which are:

  • Restatement of your primary idea
  • Summary of three main points
  • Remarkable closing line

What are the Considerations on How to End a Speech?

When you imagine how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech or presentation, there are several things to consider when it comes to their close, which include:

  • Is your ending engaging?
  • Does your conclusion restate your message?
  • Have you identified the next step you want your listeners to take clearly?

Too often, speakers or presenters believe that people will infer what they should act next. The reality or truth is that even the most talented speaker can benefit from setting off a clear call to action to their audience. 

When it is particular, uncomplicated to perform, and aligns with the audience’s concerns, needs, and wants, they are more likely to take upon your persuasion , especially if you are making a persuasive speech. 

Always consider that an impactful ending encourages, empowers, and motivates people. See the best tips in the next part to learn how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . 

What are some Good Ways to End a Speech?

A study shows that when they need to recall information, they best remember the beginning and the end. Therefore, impacting your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s closing is essential because people will mostly think of that part. 

Here are seven different ways to choose and make an unforgettable ending for your audience if you still doubt how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech most appealingly. 

1. The Summary Close

This method on how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech is about the most direct, specific, and straightforward one on the list. The history of how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech or presentation also refers to this as a “recap” close.

If you end your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech with a summary, clarify your most significant idea and convey to the listeners that it is what you want them to take. However, that does not imply that your summary close is not engaging. 

2. The Surprise Close 

Several of the best movie endings of all time were surprising conclusions, outright shockers, and wicked twists. Why do you think they are so memorable?

It is because the viewers or the audience did not expect that ending. When we experience something we did not anticipate, it turns out that our brains are more active. 

In other cases, we might have also expected a different or another scenario for the conclusion. Hence, we become notably accustomed to what occurs when a pattern breaks.

Closing a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech with a hint of surprise at its ending is like signaling your audience to listen to you. 

3. The Illustrative Close

Another method to close your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech is to do it in this way. The artistry in an illustrative close comes from your skill to correct the following:

  • first or third-person anecdote

It can also refer to another storytelling device representing your illustration of the primary points you created during your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . Many speakers use this manner at the start and end of their talks.

4. The Forward-looking Close

This method of closing a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech is a better option if you discuss suggestions for future trends that could bear your topic. To help your audience visualize what you desire to accomplish, make a vibrant and vivid picture of it because it is essential.

For example, you are a financial consultant talking to a crowd 15 years away from retirement. During your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , share your company’s approach to investment or a portfolio of your products. 

5. The Backward-looking Close

Besides the forward-looking close, there is also a backward-looking close. This way, you move away from the future and go into the past instead.

Let’s say you are wondering how to end a maid of honor Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech as the bride’s sister and has spent so many years and memories with her. During your message, you can recall those moments. Then, from those past happenings, close your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech by wishing her a happy future with her husband. 

6. The Metaphor Close 

You might feel like you are drowning in options regarding how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . However, if you carefully look at your topic or subject and what you must convey, you will eventually find it easy as pie.

Welcome to the metaphor close. Yes, I just used some metaphors in the earlier part. Perhaps you had noticed them already before I pointed it out.

Metaphors are figures of Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech that indirectly compare two figuratively similar things but are distinct. You do not take it in a literal sense that you are drowning in options, but you can feel that way. 

If you still don’t know how to end a graduation Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , this method may be one of your best options.

7. The Provocative Close

Provocative refers to the tendency to provoke, stimulate, or excite. Of course, as the speaker or presenter, you hope to encourage your audience, but using a provocative close snaps them to attention.

Check the table for some examples of how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech provocatively. 

How to End a PowerPoint Presentation?

When you provide cluttered visual presentations , instead of an illustration that draws the people in, you can use PowerPoint to make a memorable close.

You can encourage and bring out their curiosity through powerful visualization. To help you with this matter, we have provided options for ending a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech with a PowerPoint slide. 

Here are a couple of samples of what you can project:

  • A humorous image but has a profound significance.
  • A photo that is supposedly unrelated to your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech subject or topic needs your explanation.
  • A line graph shows two possible outcomes in which the audience may get involved.

How Should You End a Presentation Slideshow?

Since you have learned what you can project in your PowerPoint presentation and how useful it is to end your talk, let us get into several essential tips on finishing a formal presentation slideshow.

Here are ways you can do to make it memorable and impactful to your audience:

  • Have a clear and concise message

To close your formal presentation slideshow, bring your fundamental message to the forefront and align it with your objectives. You must give your final message down to a notable point so that your audience can walk away remembering what you have said.

  • Utilize the best final PowerPoint slide.

Your final slide will differ according to the type of presentation you are delivering. 

For example, if you are still having second thoughts regarding how to end a maid of honor Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech uniquely, maybe you can opt to make a slideshow presentation for your sister’s wedding. There are creative ways to give your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , especially when you are too nervous about Public Speaking <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Public speaking refers to any live presentation or speech. It can cover a variety of topics on various fields and careers (you can find out more about public speaking careers here: http://orai.com/public-speaking-careers/).  Public speaking can inform, entertain, or educate an audience and sometimes has visual aids.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Public speaking is done live, so the speakers need to consider certain factors to deliver a successful speech. No matter how good the speech is, if the audience doesn't connect with the speaker, then it may fall flat. Therefore, speakers have to use a lot more nonverbal communication techniques to deliver their message. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:heading --> <h2>Tips for public speaking</h2> <!-- /wp:heading --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Have a sense of humor.</li><li>Tell personal stories that relate to the speech you're giving.</li><li>Dress appropriately for the event. Formal and business casual outfits work best.</li><li>Project a confident and expressive voice.</li><li>Always try to use simple language that everyone can understand.</li><li>Stick to the time given to you.</li><li>Maintain eye contact with members of your audience and try to connect with them.</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/public-speaking/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">public speaking . 

You only have to ensure that you are using a powerful final PowerPoint graphic slide to showcase your concluding information. Of course, you should fit its theme at the event. 

  • Use animation to highlight something.

Adding a hint of animation in your presentation or slideshow is one of the best ways to bring the significant element onto your slide at the perfect period. A program like PowerPoint has features, such as built-in animations, that you can efficiently utilize. 

How to End a Speech Dos and Don’ts

After discussing the key elements of ending a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech and ways to close your presentation, we should tackle how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s dos and don’ts.

We have compiled a few things that you must consider. See them in this table:

How to End Your Speech Examples (video examples)

We have made your work easier if you seek the best examples of closing a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . Be worry-free about how to end a maid of honor Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech , graduation address, and other presentations. 

How to End a Graduation Speech

Here are four tips on how to end a graduation Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech that would give you big applause from the crowd:

  • Plan every word of your closing remarks.
  • Close it with a story.
  • Insert a little humor and make the audience laugh.
  • Close your graduation Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech with inspiration. 

How to End a Maid of Honor Speech

Are you worried about how to end a maid of honor Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ? The following are the typical phrases used for the maid of honor speech ending:

  • Let us all toast for the happiness of the newly married couple!
  • Best wishes to the happy and lovely couple!
  • Please raise your glasses in honor of the bride and groom.
  • Cheers to the newlyweds!
  • Wishing years of bliss to the bride and groom!
  • What a beautiful wedding day, so let us toast wherever their lives may lead.

How to Close a Sales Presentation

Another example of how to end a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech we have is closing a Sales Pitch <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Sales personnel use a sales pitch to convince their audience to buy the products they're selling. It usually contains information about the product, the benefits of buying the product, and how to buy it. With the right content, a sales pitch can be effective. But many people won't connect well with a sales pitch if it seems too forced and ungenuine. So, sales pitches have developed into shorter and more relatable versions. Here are some tips for nailing your next sales pitch: http://orai.com/practice-public-speaking/ .</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:heading --> <h2>Types of sales pitches</h2> <!-- /wp:heading --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Rhyming sales pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>When your sales pitch rhymes, it helps people remember it better.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Question pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>This method frames your pitch in the form of a question. It invites the audience to answer the question for themselves to see the importance of your product.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>One-word pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A one-word pitch is a tagline that best represents your product. People must think of your product once they hear the word.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Twitter pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Twitter only has 140 characters per tweet, so it is challenging to think of a sales pitch that fits. So, you have to trim down to the basics and come up with something thought-provoking.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Pixar pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>This type is named after Pixar Studios, masters at creating stories that resonate with everyone. Framing your sales pitch like a story makes it much more interesting to your audience.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Subject line pitch</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>This type is used in email marketing. Your subject line must be well thought out and intriguing enough to garner interest in a potential customer.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/sales-pitch/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">sales pitch . An outstanding presentation turns off if you do not try to create a great closing. To make your customers eager to purchase, try the tips we recommend.

  • Go back to your opening idea.
  • Close it with a challenge to your audience.
  • Indulge your listeners into a metaphorical mission.
  • Share a story.
  • End your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech with a quote.

To get additional sales presentation tips, you can check this video:

How can you effectively call your audience to action?

To ignite action, be crystal clear with your desired action, use persuasive language to spark urgency, and highlight the benefits they’ll reap. Back it up with evidence, repeat it for impact, and remove any hurdles that stand in their way. Finally, it tugs at their heartstrings to connect and motivate them to follow through. This winning formula fuels effective calls to action!

What are some creative ways to end a presentation?

Spice up your presentation ending! Ditch the boring summary and opt for storytelling, metaphors, inspiring quotes, actionable steps, thought-provoking questions, surprising elements, laughter, or genuine gratitude. Choose what fits your style and leave your audience with a bang, not a whimper!

What should you not do when ending a presentation?

When concluding a presentation, it is important to avoid certain practices. One thing you should not do is end your presentation with a slide that simply asks “Questions?” This approach is commonplace and lacks originality, making it forgettable for your audience. Instead, it is crucial to consider alternative techniques for concluding your presentation on a strong and memorable note.

How can something from the opening be repeated to close a presentation?

Start strong, end strong! Bookend your presentation by repeating a thought-provoking question, concluding a captivating story, or tying back to your title. This creates a unified message, satisfying closure, and a lasting impression on your audience. They’ll leave remembering “the answer,” “the ending,” or “the meaning,” solidifying your impact.

What can be used instead of a “thank you” slide?

Ditch the “thank you” slide! Show gratitude verbally and utilize a summary slide with key points, a call to action, and your contact details. More text is okay here; use bullet points for Clarity <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Clarity of speech is often considered in public speaking. It is one of the qualities of a good speech, and without it, a speech can seem vague and cluttered. Whether written or spoken, a clear speech is far easier to understand, and it passes its message across well.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Clarity is a skill that has a massive influence on the success of the speech. A cluttered or unnecessarily verbose speech will only confuse the audience. The audience's intelligence level should also influence the clarity of the speech.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p><strong>Tips for mastering clarity in speech</strong></p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Pronounce and enunciate words correctly</li><li>Remove filler words like "uh," um," "like," "actually" from your speech.</li><li>Avoid using many synonyms in one sentence.</li><li>Improve your diction</li><li>Maintain the right tone and pace in your voice. Speak in a measured tone and never rush a speech.</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/clarity/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">clarity . It helps during Q&A; attendees might even snap a picture for a handy takeaway.

How can a running clock be used to emphasize the urgency of a message?

Tick-tock! Adding a running clock to your time-sensitive message visually screams urgency. It shows limited time, fuels action, grabs attention, and boosts your message’s credibility. Don’t let your audience miss out – let the clock do the talking!

How can a surprising fact re-engage the audience’s attention?

Attention fading? Drop a surprising fact with stats! It jolts your audience awake, adds credibility, and keeps them hooked. Find it online, but cite your source to be extra legitimate. Facts rock; use them to rule your presentation!

How can the rule of three be used in communication?

Group in threes! This communication rule makes your message stick. Break down ideas, stories, or anything you say into triplets. It’s easy to remember, catchy and keeps your audience engaged with your message long after you’re done. So go forth and conquer with the power of three!

How can the main points be linked to the key message in the conclusion?

Ditch the swim, find the gem! Your conclusion reflects your whole Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech . Summarize key points, deliver a lasting impact, and tie it all together. Don’t leave it as an afterthought – make it resonate, leaving your audience nodding, satisfied, and remembering your message long after you’re done.

How can a visual image be used to end a presentation?

Don’t bore your audience with text! Ditch the cluttered slides and use a powerful image to end your presentation. Funny, thought-provoking, or a line graph with a choice – pick one to intrigue and make them think. Leave it on the screen for impact, let them ponder; your message will stick long after you’re done. Just remember, image and message go hand in hand!

How can a compelling story be used to conclude a presentation?

Forget jokes and platitudes. Close with a powerful story! Not just any story, one that makes them laugh, feel your message and remember it all. Your article mentions this, but their article goes deeper. They say to make it personal, relatable, and tied to your key points. This creates empathy, connection, and an unforgettable ending that leaves your audience wanting more. Go beyond the basics and tell a story they’ll remember long after the presentation.

What are the different ways to end a presentation or speech?

Ditch the panic. Pick your closing! Consider metaphors to leave a deep impression, challenge your audience with a “what if” scenario, or use visuals to stimulate their minds. Summarize key points, deliver a powerful message, and practice your ending for polish. Do avoid rambling, awkward gestures, or rushing out. Remember, a strong closing leaves a lasting mark. Now go captivate them!

In making your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech ’s ending, do not make your conclusion only an afterthought. It should support everything you have said in your talk and remind the audience why your topic matters. 

Leave the people nodding in agreement or satisfied by ending your Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech remarkably. Yes, you can’t win everybody over your talk, but you can significantly make them pause and think.

We hope this article has imparted enough knowledge and answered your question about ending a Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech .  Download the Orai Speech <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech is a crafted message which can be either written or orally delivered. Speeches can carry different messages and can come in handy in almost all events. You can pass any message across using a speech that impacts the lives of multiple people. Speech-giving comes up in almost every area of life, from work to personal relationships.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech can be anywhere between formal and informal, depending on the occasion. For example, a career-related speech will be more formal than one given at a wedding. The purpose of a speech includes commemorating an event, educating people, and even amusing and entertaining a crowd. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Common types of speech</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Informative speech</li><li>Persuasive speech</li><li>Demonstrative speech</li><li>Entertaining</li><li>Motivational speech </li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech app for an AI-powered Speech Coach <!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>A speech coach trains people in public speaking techniques and uses them to improve their presentation skills. Getting a speech coach is great if you want to learn how to communicate effectively and get the best results from your speaking engagements.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>You can expect to learn how to control your voice, mannerisms, and other non-verbal communication techniques with a speech coach. They can also help you figure out the best way to present for each audience you take on. </p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --><br /><!-- wp:heading --> <h2>Types of speech coaches</h2> <!-- /wp:heading --><br /><!-- wp:list --> <ul><li>Content coach: A content coach helps you in the speech writing part of your presentation. </li><li>Speaker marketer coach: These coaches help you market your speech after you deliver it.</li><li>Delivery coach: This type of speech coach helps you develop your speech delivery skills and stage presence.</li></ul> <!-- /wp:list --><br /><!-- wp:paragraph --> <p>Consider using an app speech coach! Click here for more information about Orai and what we do.</p> <!-- /wp:paragraph --> " href="https://orai.com/glossary/speech-coach/" data-gt-translate-attributes="[{"attribute":"data-cmtooltip", "format":"html"}]" tabindex="0" role="link">speech coach for interactive and fun lessons!

Good luck with your presentation!

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Speech Conclusion: 12 Ways to End a Presentation the Best Way

how to end a speech

If you’ve learned anything about speech writing, you’ll know that there’s a recommended formula to use in designing the best presentation.

Essentially, your talk should have a short opening where you engage your audience , a middle part where you coherently cover the details of your speech topic and an ending that neatly sums everything up .

Remember, people have come to hear you talk when there are definitely other ways that they could be spending their time.

They’re looking to be entertained, or moved in some way. They want to leave the room better informed, educated and possibly curious to study more about your subject.

Therefore, you owe it to your listeners to put together the best presentation that you can – that includes a dynamite finish that they’ll reflect on afterwards.

Let’s take a closer look at how to approach the task. We’ll begin by discussing what not to do .

How NOT to End Your Speech: What Not to Do

Sure, when your talk is coming to an end you might be feeling relieved to have gotten through what you have to say without any obvious missteps.

It’s understandable if you’re ready to quickly exit stage left, and take your seat again with the audience members. After all, you’ve earned that privilege – right?

This is a natural temptation and another good reason why you really must take the time to write a proper wrap up.

Having said that, when it comes to crafting an effective ending, it’s not quite as simple as it sounds. Here’s what not to do.

end a speech

 Regurgitating remarks

We’ve already mentioned that the ending is the place where you sum up the main message of your speech in some fashion.

However, you don’t want to repeat so much of your talk that your audience’s eyes start to glaze over.

Going on too long about what you’ve already said is a definite no-no. People may just think that you’re doubting their intelligence!

Taking a tangent

As well, you mustn’t go off on a tangent and introduce some new thoughts that are unrelated to what you’ve just spent some time telling listeners.

This will only confuse people.

Furthermore, the participants may second guess what your topic really was all about, and whether they’ve heard you properly.

Stopping abruptly

Take care not to finish abruptly. People need to know by what you say that you’re getting ready to wind things up.

It should not come as a shock that it’s already time for them to applaud.

Trailing off 

You also shouldn’t stop with a whimper, so to speak.

You voice has to remain clear and strong right up until you’ve delivered your last statement. Keep the volume up and don’t mumble!

Offer an apology

Seriously! Don’t do this!

It could be that you believe your speech wasn’t up to your own standards. Maybe you got off track a little, or missed making a minor point that you’d intended.

Whatever it is, your listeners in all likelihood didn’t notice. Even if they did, they’ve already moved on and forgiven you.

Therefore, you certainly don’t want to draw their attention to anything that you felt wasn’t up to par.

how to conclude a speech

12 Best Ways to End a Speech to be Remembered

Be mindful that your final comments are probably going to be the most memorable part of your talk.

As people file out of the auditorium or meeting room, what you said last will be ringing in their ears. In addition, they may be sharing their reaction to your words with others in attendance.

Therefore, you want to leave them with a good impression.

Now that you can appreciate the importance of finishing off your presentation well − and some of the pitfalls to avoid – you’re ready to learn about a number of great ideas for speech endings.

Following are the different ways you can go.

1. Paraphrase the main points

Take a minute to recap the main points of your presentation.

Tell people again what you just told them, but be sure to do it in a very succinct way.

While you shouldn’t just say verbatim what you’ve relayed already, it’s quite acceptable to repeat a phrase or sentence from your opening as a way to reinforce your main point. Whatever you choose, keep it short.

One approach to paraphrasing is to package the information in three points.

It has been shown that patterns of three can have some staying power in the minds of listeners. Here are a few examples that illustrate this:

“...government of the people, by the people, for the people.” – Abraham Lincoln

“I came. I saw. I conquered.” – Julius Caesar

Basically, paraphrasing reinforces the main message of your talk so that those participating are much more likely to bring it to mind later on.

2. Give them a take-away

This approach is somewhat similar to the above idea. It involves giving people the single most important message that you want them to leave with.

Since you’re asking them to focus on only one thought, they’re more apt to commit it to memory.

Plus, boiling the information you’ve just delivered down to a central idea can be very impactful.

lightbulb-method

Listeners will take to heart that there’s one single take-away they should really pay attention to. They’re more likely to recall the main point you made, and even relay it in conversation with colleagues, friends and family.

One very effective method of doing this is to tell your audience upfront that you want them to recall something. For instance, you could preface your point with one of these phrases:

“When you leave here today, I want you to remember . . .”

“If you take anything away from my presentation today, it should be that . . .”

And say your point.

3. Call them to action

This is a very popular way to end a speech and, no wonder, when you think of how it can affect those listening.

Essentially, you’re going to ask people to do something as a result of absorbing your talk.

Maybe they’ve been swept away by the inspiration you’ve demonstrated in telling them a moving story of overcoming adversity. Perhaps they’re intrigued by the new ideas you’ve presented to manage personal stress.

At the end of your speech, the time is ripe to call them to an action of some sort. Here are some examples, using slightly different approaches:

table-topics-tips

“The next time you look at the stars in the night sky, I urge you to think about how incredibly vast is our universe.”

“When you see another television commercial about hunger, are you going to change the channel, or are you going to call the number on the screen and make a donation?”

Demanding something of your audience will cause them to reflect on your presentation and especially so when they next find themselves in the situation you’ve described.

Regardless of whether or not they decide to follow through on what you’ve asked, they’ll be thinking of what you said.

4. Repeat the title

Here’s a simple idea that you might have seen used.

Granted, we’ve already explained why you shouldn’t regurgitate your speech in your closing remarks.

However, just repeating the title of your speech can be a great way to sum up and refocus the audience on what your presentation was about.

Of course, this calls for creating an excellent title that will stand on its own as a representation of your talk.

Moreover, your title could be in the form of a provocative question, or employ an alliteration to make it really interesting and memorable.

5. Position with power

End your speech with a powerful bang by making a bold statement that links back to your talk.

Employ strong words or unique turns of phrase. This can be accomplished by writing out your closing statement and searching for synonyms for certain words that will convey more emotion, or spark increased interest.

Emphasize what you have to say with a confident posture that matches.

confident-speaking-off-the-cuff

Another approach to show your power is to make a grand physical gesture. If, for example, your closing statement is “What I want the whole world to know is . . .” you could spread your arms wide in a circle to suggest that you’re reaching out across the globe.

Listeners will remember your words for the strength and enthusiasm behind them.

6. Use your body language

If you’ve done any public speaking, you’ll already appreciate the importance of experimenting with body language . The right posture and gestures can convey so much!

It’s just as critical to display impactful body language at the end of your speech since this is the last thing people will see.

What you do physically on stage should help your audience recall you for the right reasons.

Certainly, you can take a little bow and then walk confidently away from the podium. However, wouldn’t it make people recall you and what you told them better if you did something different?

Maybe you want to shimmy off stage with a dance move, skip or give a few low sweeping bows while blowing kisses to the audience? Use your imagination and find something that fits with your speech topic .

In the following video, Vikram did a somersault to conclude his speech and the audience went wild! (starts at 6:42)

7. Use a prop or visual

If you’ve brought a prop on stage and referred to it earlier in your speech, bring the attention of your participants back to it as you make your closing remarks.

Perhaps you’ve rolled a little suitcase behind you when you first walked to the podium as a visual about the personal baggage that we all carry. Well, grab the handle and give the case a little twirl to bring the audience’s eyes back to it.

Have you arrived on stage wearing a funny wig? You’ve probably set it aside so as not to distract from your words, but pop it back on your head at the end of your speech to help people make a connection to your entire message.

At the start of the following speech recording, the 2014 World Champion of Public Speaking Dananjaya Hettiarachchi pulled out the petals of a flower and threw them into a trash can. At the end of his speech, he pulled out a whole flower from the trash can to make a point. 

It was a 'wow' moment.

There are other options for leaving people with a visual that they’ll remember. Here are a few:

  • Display a photograph – Try an eye-catching picture on a screen behind you that represents your talk. It could be an image of an endangered species or a clean shoreline if your topic was about the environment, for example.
  • Unveil a hidden prop – Removing a cover from a prop that participants haven’t seen can indelibly lodge it in their mind’s eye (i.e., a scale model of building you’ve spoken about).
  • Project a cartoon – Finish your speech with a funny cartoon or short video. This is entertainment that people really enjoy.
  • Throw something   – You could toss out a few small gifts into the audience, shower the first few rows of people with confetti or do something else entirely.

Don’t forget, your prop or visual aid should relate back to your topic. If you’re talking about a wedding , then a confetti shower could be an unforgettable finish!

8. Surprise them

There are so many amazing ways to do this. The sky might just be the limit!

Your listeners will perk up at the mention of something unexpected and take the time to reflect on how it connects to your topic.

A club member once gave a speech about online Zoom meetings, and I suggested to her to wear a formal attire for her top, and home clothes for her bottom, so that at the end of her speech, she could stand up to reveal that juxtaposition and walk away.

That would be a surprise humorous ending.

Here are a couple of other methods to consider:

  • Reveal an identity   – If your speech relates somehow to your own experience, keeping this information until the end can have people tuning in. On the other hand, there could be someone in the room that you want to introduce as having had a role in your story.
  • State a fact   – End your talk with a startling piece of data that’s unfamiliar to your listeners.
  • Give a timeline   − A variation on offering a fact that can have added oomph is to tell people something that has happened in the world during the time they’ve been listening to you – such as the number of births.

As always, have your surprise flow from the subject of your presentation.

9. Envision the future

Give your audience your take on the future. This will ignite a sense of curiosity, especially if they start to contemplate what it might mean for them personally.

Envisioning the future could be as simple as explaining what, in your mind, comes next or what you suggest needs to happen. Prepare a few words about what action needs to be taken to make a positive change, for instance.

Alternatively, you could forecast a future time when everyone will, or won’t, be doing something. Imagining the end of all wars around the world is one example.

Make your future image compelling with lots of detail. Draw on as many senses as you can to help participants to see, smell and hear your dream for the near or longer term.

You’ll have people quickly trying to connect the dots and the meaning of your speech.

10. Share a story

Polishing off your presentation with a short anecdote is another impactful method.

tall-tales-fantasy-story

It should be a brief story that relates back to your speech. Tell people a tale that illustrates the point of your talk, and ensure that it’s both captivating and relatable.

You might want to give the ending to an anecdote that you spoke about earlier in your presentation, or a piece that just wraps everything up nicely.

When you think about, people will often quickly become engrossed in a story . It makes what you have to say more digestible, and more readily recalled.

11. Show your scholarly side

Construct a noteworthy closing by harnessing the strength of a few novel ideas. The following tips can, for sure, increase the memorability of your speech:

  • Connect a quote − Ending with an inspirational quote, especially if it’s one the audience is familiar with, is a solid option. You can have a bit of fun with it, but be sure that it’s something that those listening can relate to, and not miss any cultural relevance.
  • Rhyme your word s  – You could try your hand at writing a few lines of original poetry, or find something else that fits the bill.
  • Try a metaphor – A metaphor can breathe more life into your final message. Albert Einstein used a metaphor when he said “All religions, arts and sciences are branches of the same tree.”

Any of these ideas will leave your listeners with something catchy, or special, to remember your presentation.

12. Thank them

Here’s another suggestion for a speech ending.

Say a few words of thanks.

You might express your appreciation directly to those in attendance that have been, hopefully, hanging on your every word. Thank them for showing up and giving you their time.

Additionally, you can talk briefly about your appreciation for others who may have invited you to speak or supported your presentation in some way.

This shows people very clearly that you’ve finished speaking.

However, if you had a strong conclusion, I wouldn't suggest this as it would weaken the impact of your conclusion and Call to Action.

How to Choose the Best Ending

Some of the ideas offered might lend themselves more to particular speech purposes. For instance, if your talk is intended to inspire it’s quite appropriate to finish off with a call to action.

And, you might feel more comfortable with certain options and gravitate towards them more readily.

Maybe you’ve already tired one or two of these methods?

Whatever the case, consider how your listeners are likely to respond to these examples, and decide on the ones that will work well with your speech.

Final Thoughts on Concluding a Speech

Once you’ve selected how you’re going to end your talk, prepare your lines .

There’s actually one school of thought that it makes sense to write your ending first and then build your speech from there. So, that’s something you might want to give a shot to.

Ideally, you’ll become practiced enough at public speaking , over time, that you’ll be able to memorize what you have to say. While it doesn’t have to be exactly what you wrote when you drafted your talk , it should be close enough.

In the meantime, your closing remarks are one of the two sections in your speech (the other is your opening) where you absolutely should memorize your lines .

This will help you ace your delivery, especially if you’re trying out a new way to end a speech that’s a little outside your comfort zone.

Happy experimenting!

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Different Ways to End a Presentation or Speech

November 6, 2017 - Dom Barnard

The beginning and ending of your presentation are the most important. The  beginning  is where you grab the audience’s attention and ensure they listen to the rest of your speech. The conclusion gives you a chance to leave a lasting impression that listeners take away with them.

Studies show  that when people are tasked with recalling information, they “best performance at the beginning and end”. It’s therefore essential you leave an impact with your closing statement. A strong ending motivates, empowers and encourages people to take action.

The power of three

The rule of three is a simple yet powerful method of communication and we use it often in both written and verbal communication. Using information in patterns of three makes it  more memorable  for the audience.

Examples of the power of three being used:

  • This is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning – Winston Churchill
  • Blood, sweat and tears – General Patton
  • I came, I saw, I conquered – Julius Caesar

A compelling story

Ending your presentation on a short story, especially if that story is personal or illustrates how the content presented affects others is the best way to conclude.

If you want to talk about a customer experience or successful case study, think about how you can turn it into a meaningful story which the audience will remember and even relate to. Creating empathy with your audience and tying the story back to points made throughout the presentation ensures your presentation will be well received by the audience.

A surprising fact

A surprising fact has the power to re-engage the audience’s attention, which is most likely to wane by the end of a presentation. Facts with  statistical numbers  in them work well – you can easily search online for facts related to your speech topic. Just make use you remember the source for the fact in case you are questioned about it.

A running clock

Marketing and advertising executive Dietmar Dahmen ends his Create Your Own Change talk with a running clock to accompany his last statement. “Users rule,” he says, “so stop waiting and start doing. And you have to do that now because time is running out.”

If you’re delivering a time-sensitive message, where you want to urge your listeners to move quickly, you can have a background slide with a  running timer  to add emphasis to your last statement.

Example of a running timer or clock for ending a presentation

Acknowledging people or companies

There are times when it’s appropriate to thank people publicly for helping you – such as

  • Presenting a research paper and want to thank people involved in the project
  • Presenting data or information obtained from a company or a person
  • When someone helped you build the presentation if it’s a particularly complex one

You can even use the  PowerPoint credits  feature for additional ‘wow’ factor.

A short, memorable sentence

A sound bite is an attention magnet. It cuts to the core of your central message and is one of the most memorable takeaways for today’s  Twitter-sized  attention spans. Consider Steve Jobs’ famous last line at his commencement address at Stanford University: “Stay hungry, stay foolish.”

Think about how you can distil your message down to a crisp, memorable statement. Does it represent your authentic voice? Does it accurately condense what your core message is about? Listeners, especially business audiences, have a radar that quickly spots an effort to impress rather than to genuinely communicate an important message.

An interesting quote

A relatively easy way to end your speech is by using a quote. For this to be effective, however, the quote needs to be one that has not been heard so often that it has become cliché.

To access fresh quotes, consider searching current personalities rather than historical figures. For example, a quote on failing from J.K. Rowling: “It is impossible to live without failing at something, unless you live so cautiously that you might as well not have lived at all – in which case, you fail by default.”

You need to figure out what resonates with your audience, and choose a quote that fits the presentation theme. If you’re up to it, you can round off the quote with your own thoughts as well.

A visual image

Make use of this power by ending your presentation with a riveting visual that ties to your take-home message. Leave this slide on when you finish your presentation to give the audience something to look at and think about for the next few minutes.

Use a summary slide instead of a ‘thank you’ slide

‘Thank You’ slides don’t really help the audience. You should be verbally saying ‘Thank you’, with a smile and with positive eye contact, putting it on a slide removes the sentiment.

Instead of a ‘Thank You’ slide, you can use a  summary slide  showing all the key points you have made along with your call to action. It can also show your name and contact details.

This slide is the only slide you use that can contain a lot of text, use bullet points to separate the text. Having all this information visible during the Q&A session will also help the audience think of questions to ask you. They may also choose to take photos of this slide with their phone to take home as a summary of your talk and to have your contact details.

Example summary slide for a presentaiton or speech

Repeat something from the opening

Closing a presentation with a look back at the opening message is a popular technique. It’s a great way to round off your message, whilst simultaneously summing up the entire speech and creating a feeling of familiarity for the audience. Comedians do this well when they tie an earlier joke to a later one.

Doing this will signal to the audience that you are coming to the end of your talk. It completes the circle – you end up back where you started.

There are a few ways to approach this technique:

  • Set up a question at the beginning of your speech and use your ending to answer it
  • Finish a story you started, using the anecdote to demonstrate your message
  • Close with the title of the presentation – this works best with a provocative, memorable title

Link the main points to the key message

At the beginning of your talk, it’s important to map out the main ideas you will talk about. An audience that doesn’t know the stages of the journey you are about to take them on will be less at ease than one that knows what lies ahead. At the end of your talk, take them back over what you’ve spoken about but don’t just list the different ideas you developed, show how they are related and how they support your main argument.

Finish with enthusiasm

It’s only natural that you’ll feel tired when you get to the end of your talk. The adrenaline that was racing through your body at the beginning has now worn off.

It’s crucial that the audience feels that you are enthusiastic and open for questions. If you’re not enthusiastic about the presentation, why should the audience be?

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Don’t end with audience questions

When the  Q&A session  is over, stand up, get their attention and close the presentation. In your closing give your main argument again, your call to action and deal with any doubts or criticisms that out in the Q&A.

A closing is more or less a condensed version of your conclusions and an improvised summary of the Q&A. It’s important that the audience goes home remembering the key points of the speech, not with a memory of a Q&A that may or may not have gone well or may have been dominated by someone other than you.

If possible, try and take questions throughout your presentation so they remain pertinent to the content.

Getting rid of the “questions?” slide

To start, let’s talk about what you shouldn’t do. You shouldn’t end a presentation with a slide that asks “Questions?” Everyone does and there is nothing memorable about this approach.

Ideally, you should take questions throughout the presentation so that the question asked and the answer given is relevant to the content presented. If you choose to take questions at the end of your presentation, end instead with a strong image that relates to your presentation’s content.

Worried about no audience questions?

If you’re afraid of not getting any questions, then you can arrange for a friend in the audience to ask one. The ‘plant’ is a good way to get questions started if you fear silence.

Chances are that people do want to ask questions, but no one wants to be the first to ask a question. If you don’t have a ‘plant’, you might need to get the ball rolling yourself. A good way to do this is for you to ask am open question to the audience. Ask the most confident looking person in the room for their opinion, or get the audience to discuss the question with the person sitting beside them.

A cartoon or animation

In his TED talk on  The Paradox of Choice  , Barry Schwartz ends his presentation with a cartoon of a fishbowl with the caption, “You can be anything you want to be – no limits.” He says, “If you shatter the fishbowl, so that everything is possible, you don’t have freedom, you have paralysis… Everybody needs a fishbowl”. This is a brilliant ending that combines visuals, humour and a metaphor. Consider ending your presentation with a relevant cartoon to make your message memorable.

Ask a rhetoric question

So, for example, if you’re finishing up a talk on the future of engineering, you might say, “I’d like to end by asking you the future of manufacturing, will it be completely taken over by robots in the next 30 years?”

The minute you  ask a question  , listeners are generally drawn into thinking about an answer. It’s even more engaging when the question is provocative, or when it touches potentially sensitive areas of our lives

Thank the audience

The simplest way to end a speech, after you’ve finished delivering the content, is to say, “thank you.” That has the benefit of being understood by everyone.

It’s the great way for anyone to signal to the audience that it’s time to applaud and then head home.

Call your audience to action and make it clear

It’s not enough to assume your message will inspire people to take action. You need to actually tell them to take action. Your call to action should be clear and specific. Your audience should be left with no doubt about what it is you’re asking.

Use the last few minutes of the presentation to reinforce the call to action you seek. Examples of strong calls to actions include:

  • Retain 25% more employees with our personal development solution
  • Save your business 150% by using this framework
  • Donate today to save millions around the world

Make it clear that you’ve finished

Nothing is more uncomfortable than the silence of an audience working out if you’ve finished or not.

Your closing words should make it very clear that it’s the end of the presentation. The audience should be able to read this immediately, and respond. As we mentioned previously, saying “thank you” is a good way to finish.

If the applause isn’t forthcoming, stand confidently and wait. Don’t fidget and certainly don’t eke out a half-hearted, ‘And that just about covers it. Thank you’.

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How To End A Speech

How To End A Speech

Putting together and delivering an effective speech takes time and the right strategy. One of the most challenging aspects is figuring out how to end a speech effectively. You might have prepared a fantastic opening and delivered a compelling message, but if you fail to wrap up your speech in a powerful and memorable way, your audience may leave feeling unsatisfied or even forget what you said altogether.

Many speakers struggle with their closing words, whether it’s because they run out of time, they lose their train of thought, or they simply don’t know how to bring everything together in a cohesive and impactful way. This can lead to a lack of confidence, anxiety, and even embarrassment, all of which can significantly hinder your ability to communicate your message effectively.

In this article we’ll explore some proven tips and strategies, show you three simple techniques that summarize your message and key ideas, and explain how to get your audience members to take action. You’ll start delivering the final words of your speeches with confidence and know you’re leaving a lasting impression on your audience. Whether you’re a seasoned speaker looking to polish your skills or a newcomer to public speaking , this article will help you overcome the hurdles of ending a great speech so you can deliver a powerful and memorable message every time. Your last words will be your most impactful words.

Why is a Conclusion Important?

end your speech

“Great is the art of beginning, but greater is the art of the ending.” Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

The conclusion of your speech is arguably the most critical part. It’s the pinnacle of your persuasion, the culmination of everything you’ve talked about so far, and it’s the moment when you state your final call to action. This is why it’s crucial to devote sufficient time and attention to crafting your last inspiring words and final point.

Your conclusion is where you’ll leave your audience with the most significant take away from your speech. These closing words are the last impression they’ll have of you and your key message, and it’s where you can reinforce the key message points you’ve made throughout your presentation. By reiterating your main message and summarizing your key arguments, you can ensure that your audience remembers your message long after your speech is over in such a way that inspires them to take action.

The conclusion is also where you summarize your entire speech and make your final call to action. Whether it’s encouraging your audience to remember and take specific actions, supporting a particular cause, or adopting a new way of thinking, your conclusion is the time to motivate your audience to act. This is where you can challenge them to make a difference, do something, or think differently about a particular issue.

Most importantly, your conclusion can make or break your speech. A weak or ineffective ending can leave your audience feeling unimpressed or even confused, undermining the impact of your entire presentation up to that point. Conversely, a strong and impactful conclusion can leave a lasting impression on your audience, motivating them to take action and inspiring them to share your message with others. It even has the potential to turn an average persuasive speech into an unforgettable speech.

Because the conclusion of your speech is so important, it’s worth taking the time to ensure that your final words are as effective as possible. By crafting a strong and impactful conclusion, you can leave your audience with a lasting impression, and ensure that your message is remembered long after your closing statement.

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What is a good closing message?

ending a speech

A good closing is a bookend to your opening, but is much more concise. It should resolve the entire presentation. In the beginning you grab your audience’s attention. Next you navigate them through all the parts. Finally you introduce your call to action so the audience knows what to expect. Your speech’s closing message should fulfill the classical requirements of any story: a strong beginning, a solid middle, and a decisive end.

To fully understand how your closing message connects with your opening you’ll need to first understand the three parts of your opening and how to think about them: Opening Gambit, USP, and Point B.

Opening Gambit

The Opening Gambit is a series of short sentences to get the audience engaged and establish a need for your idea, concept, or solution. Suasive recommends the following seven Opening Gambits .

  • Rhetorical question Get your audience thinking about your message by posing a meaningful question that is relevant to them. Scott Cook, the founding CEO of Intuit, used a rhetorical phrase when making a presentation at the Robertson, Stephens, and Company Technology Investment Conference in San Francisco. He began with: “Let me begin today’s presentation with a question. How many of you balance your checkbooks? May I see a show of hands?” Almost everyone’s hand went up. “Okay. Now how many of you like doing it?”  Everyone’s hand went down. He had their focus because he got them moving their body and used an easy question that would resonate with everyone. If he had launched into his presentation with a detailed description of Quicken accounting software, he likely would have lost them. Instead, he engaged the audience with a personal question and got them focused on thinking about their checkbooks.
  • Factoid You can convert any question to a simple, striking statistic or factual statement to capture your audience’s attention. For instance, instead of asking, “How many iPhones are sold each year?” (which cedes control of the floor), turn it into a Factoid: “185 million iPhones are sold every year.” The Factoid you choose should be related to the main theme of your presentation and not just dropped in for shock value. We’ve all heard off-the-wall statements that only serve to throw the audience off track all the while never coming back to the main point thread or thesis.
  • Retrospective/Prospective A Retrospective (backward) or Prospective (forward) look allows you to grab your audience’s attention by moving them in one direction or another, away from their present, immediate concerns. Consider this technique as a flashback or flashforward, or “That was then, this is now.” For instance, you could refer to the way things used to be done, the way they are done now, and the way you project them being done in the future. Technology companies often choose to start their presentations with a look back to earlier functions to contrast how their new technology disrupts the same functionality: library search before the internet, cassette tapes before digital music, brick and mortar shopping before e-commerce, a rat’s nest of tangled wiring before Bluetooth, and keypad entry before facial recognition.
  • Anecdote An anecdote is a brief human interest story. “Personal stories” have recently become the holy grail of storytelling . A tsunami of consultants, courseware, workshops , seminars, blogs, and publications are now advising individuals and businesses to develop their great speeches and presentations by reaching deep inside themselves for a heartwarming opening anecdote. People naturally identify with other people, and a personal story can create empathy.
  • Quotation You can also use a relevant quotation from a well-known, reliable source such as William Shakespeare, Winston Churchill , John F. Kennedy, Tom Peters or, as many businesspeople do, Sun Tzu’s The Art of War . Yet the best famous quotation is something from a third party that credentializes you, your idea, or your company. Whichever you use, be sure to tie the quotation closely to your content.
  • Aphorism An aphorism is a well-known saying, maxim, or idiom. Because of its familiarity, as soon as you state an Aphorism, it rings a bell in your audience’s minds. They may not even recognize the source, but it brings them to attention.
  • Analogy Analogies help explain complex subjects. If your business involves highly technical or specialized products, services, or systems, a simple analogous comparison can help clarify. During the early days of the internet, companies developing networking products analogized the web to highways: with main roads to represent carriers, interchanges to represent routing and switching equipment, on-ramps and off-ramps to represent local carriers, and tolls to represent revenues.

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Unique Selling Proposition

Once you’ve stated your Opening Gambit, it’s time for your Unique Selling Proposition (USP). The USP is a succinct summary of your business, describing the basic premise that describes what your company, product, or service does. One of the most common complaints about presentations is “I listened to them for 30 minutes, and I still don’t know what they do!” The USP is what they do.

The Opening Gambit grabbed your viewer’s attention and established need, and your USP demonstrates your solution to that need with maximum clarity. It summarizes the body or middle part of your speech. The best USPs are short and are communicated in one sentence.

Which company’s USP is “Melt in your mouth, not in your hand?” 

Did you guess it? M&Ms of course.

Point B is your call to action. It’s how you end your speech with a bang and plan to bring your audience to action. The Opening Gambit, USP, and Point B are all connected in a sequence that feeds into one another.

Here’s an example of a full sequence from Opening Gambit to Point B.

  • Opening Gambit (Anecdote): Last year, one of Acme’s customers had a flood in their home. The sprinkler system broke and damaged all the furniture, carpets, and other possessions. Not only did they lose their home, they took a big financial hit.
  • Link: This customer is like many customers who purchase a basic policy not customized to their individual needs. That means being just one step away from disaster.
  • USP: Acme Insurance has a solution. We can provide you with a customized, value-added package of insurance that provides for your Individual needs to protect you against serious financial loss.
  • Proof of Concept (POC)–evidence that your USP is worthy: That’s why Acme is one of the fastest-growing insurance brokers in the state.
  • Link: I know that you’ll want to take advantage of this opportunity…
  • Point B: …and sign up for this important coverage today.

You can see how all three elements feed into each other. One can’t effectively exist without the other. What’s great about the three steps is they compromise your entire speech outline on a macro level, and you can also use them again on a micro level within the closing section of your presentation.

Three Ways to Close a Speech Effectively

 speeches

“Tell ’em what you’ve told ’em” is a classic closing technique that involves summarizing your main points and reiterating your message in a clear and concise way. This technique helps to reinforce your key ideas and ensure that your audience remembers them long after your speech is over. By summarizing your main points and restating your message, you can drive home the key takeaways and leave a lasting impression on your audience.

“Tell ‘em what you’ve told ‘em” is your closing, a bookend to your opening, and includes three key elements: a Bookend Gambit (like the Opening Gambit but more concise), Recap (of the agenda and your main points), and Point B (call to action).

The Bookend Gambit is a powerful technique that involves referencing your Opening Gambit in your closing remarks. This technique creates a sense of closure and brings your presentation full circle, leaving your audience feeling satisfied and fulfilled.

A brief Recap of your agenda is the second element of the closing technique. By summarizing what you’ve covered you can reinforce the key points you’ve made and drive home your message in a powerful and impactful way.

Point B is the third element and involves making a clear and compelling call to action in your closing remarks. This technique encourages your audience to take specific actions based on the message you’ve delivered, whether it’s signing a petition, making a donation, or simply changing their behavior. By providing a clear and actionable next step, you can motivate your audience to take action and make a difference.

What is a Strong Concluding Statement?

A strong concluding statement is critical for leaving a long-term impression on your audience and motivating them to take action. You want to end your speech with your audience thinking about your objective, willing to do what you want them to do. It’s the last thing they hear you say at the end of your speech, and for many leading speakers it holds the most weight.

One of the most effective ways to close your speech with a bang is with a clear and concise call to action, also known as Point B as discussed above. This final remark should be a short and powerful statement that encapsulates the central message of your presentation and inspires your audience to act.

For example, let’s suppose that in your opening statement you said, “So that we can control our own destiny, I’m seeking your approval and a budget to start this unit.” In your closing statement, you might shorten this message to “All we need is your approval.” This statement is short, clear, and to the point, emphasizing the importance of your request.

Need Help Closing Your Speech?

Putting all the pieces of your speech or presentation together takes know how. The good news is because it’s more science than art, anyone can learn how to do it with the right training. A good presentation has all the parts of a good compelling story – a beginning, middle, and end. The only difference is the pacing and delivery techniques, but story is still at the heart. With practice and preparation, you can improve your speech writing and delivering skills, and make sure your ideas are heard and considered.

So whether you are preparing for a job interview, a presentation at work, or an entire speech in front of a large audience, remember to believe in yourself, focus on your key points, and prepare to the best of your ability. When it’s time to deliver your closing remarks, be sure to incorporate the three techniques you learned in this article and we’re confident you’ll make an impact.

How to tell your story so the audience feels it’s their story.

Suasive, Inc. is a Silicon Valley-based communication consulting company that offers public speaking classes for organizations and individuals. To date, we’ve coached over 600 CEOs and helped individuals in some of the world’s largest companies including Netflix , eBay , Sonos , Lyft , and Freshworks .

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The 7 Most Powerful Ways To End A Speech

  • December 26, 2019

crowd-applause-after-closing-a-speech

The ending of your speech. It contains the last words your audience will hear you say. They might also be the words that change everything. And so, knowing how to end a speech is very important. In my article on how to start a speech , I mentioned that the two most important parts of a speech are the introduction and the conclusion.

One reason why the introduction and conclusion are very important is the Primacy and Recency effect, also called the Serial-position effect . It is a cognitive bias of how humans remember series of events. We tend to remember the beginning and ending more than the middle. And so, when you treat the conclusion of your speech with levity, it not only makes you look unprofessional, it also depletes the overall strength and impact of your speech.

Unfortunately, some too many speakers do not take the conclusion of their speech seriously. I have seen cases where a speaker comes to the end of a slide and says, “oops! I guess this is the end,” or any other statement that reflects a thoughtless ending. You don’t want to be that person.

The conclusion of your speech is your last impression you have on your audience; it lingers. It is just like a good movie with a terrible ending. No matter how good the beginning and middle of the movie is, you leave the theater disappointed. And you most likely wouldn’t recommend it to a friend.

There are two things that you should do in the conclusion of a speech, no matter the approach you decide to adopt in your closing. Let’s look at these two things before we discuss the seven strategies to end a speech.

When you get to the conclusion of your speech, you have to slow down. Make each word count with the use of more pauses. Be intentional and emphatic. You want your audience to know that you are wrapping up. Doing this will enhance the impact of your closing message. 

Give a call to action

I think every speech, particularly persuasive speeches, should have a call to action. What do you want your audience to do based on what you just told them? Don’t ever assume they would use their initiative and take action. If you need them to do something, tell them at the end of your speech.

Now let’s look at some of the most effective ways to end a speech.

1. End with a summary

You’ve spent some time talking to your audience about a subject. One of the most important things that you can do is to recap all that you’ve said. You want them to remember and take to heart all you just told them. Example:

“ I will end by reminding us of these very important points… ”

Some speeches might not require you to list every point. But what is the one thing that you talked about that you want them to remember? Example;

“ If you forget every other thing that I have said today, I want you to remember this one thing… ”

2. End with a story

Just as opening with a story if effective, closing with a story is very powerful. Not just any story, but a story that relates to your subject matter and one that has a call to action. Because stories are easy to remember, your conclusion, and ultimately the message of your speech, stays with your audience for a very long time. For example, I still remember some of the speeches that I heard as a child. Such is possible because they contained stories.

3. End with a quote

Saying a relevant and preferably memorable quote can make your ending impactful. There are many quote out there. Quotes from famous figures (preferable). Those that you can tie to your speech. Find a quote that leaves a strong impression on your audience. For example, in a speech on climate change, you could end like this:

I will end with the words of Barack Obama, “Climate change is no longer some far-off problem; it is happening here; it is happening now.”

4. End with the introduction

Going back to your introduction is also a great way to end your speech. It is an indication that your speech has gone through a full circle.  If you started with a story, you could end be revisiting the moral of the story as your call to action.

Take this example. I started a speech telling the story of an eagle hatched with chickens. I ended the speech along the lines of:

“Are you like the eagle hatched with chickens? Do you feel like you are living a life that is beneath you? Just as that eagle came to itself…”     

5. End with a question

Sometimes you want your audience to keep thinking about what you just told them. Nothing could be more effective than asking a question or series of questions. Remember, questions make us think. For example. Let’s say your speech is on physical fitness. You could end your speech like this:

“What are you going to do about your physical health when you walk out of these doors? Are you going to sit and complain about how bad things are? Or are you going to take control of your life and make transformational changes? I urge you to make the right choice.”

6. End with a stylistic device

Stylistic devices or rhetorical devices are key elements in persuasive speeches. Some examples of rhetorical devices are anadiplosis, anaphora, asyndeton, polysyndeton, synecdoche, and a host of others. Ending with a rhetorical device leaves the audience motivated, energized, and excited. Here is how Winston Churchill ended his “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” speech with anaphora:        

“We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France; we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches; we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender…”

7. End on a high note

No matter how dreary your speech is, you want to leave your audience cheerful, motivated, aware, having an assurance that things could be better, that there is a solution, and so forth.  So, make sure to end your speech on a positive note.

You just read through the most effective ways to end a speech. I encourage you to practice and use these strategies to end your speeches. When you do, you will notice a phenomenal difference in your speeches.

Solomon Asine

Solomon Asine

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How to End a Speech with Impact

Last Updated: February 13, 2023 Fact Checked

This article was co-authored by Lynn Kirkham . Lynn Kirkham is a Professional Public Speaker and Founder of Yes You Can Speak, a San Francisco Bay Area-based public speaking educational business empowering thousands of professionals to take command of whatever stage they've been given - from job interviews, boardroom talks to TEDx and large conference platforms. Lynn was chosen as the official TEDx Berkeley speaker coach for the last four years and has worked with executives at Google, Facebook, Intuit, Genentech, Intel, VMware, and others. This article has been fact-checked, ensuring the accuracy of any cited facts and confirming the authority of its sources. This article has been viewed 38,928 times.

If you're hoping to wow your audience as you end your speech, there are lots of ways you can capture their attention and leave a lasting impression. Repeating the main points in your speech is a great way to make sure your listeners remember your message. You can also do things like tell a personal story, refer to a famous quote , or add humor to the end of your speech to make it really stand out.

Choosing an Impactful Strategy

Step 1 Repeat the main point of your speech in the ending.

  • If you had three main points in your speech, try to summarize your topics by having one sentence for each point.
  • You might even summarize your points in one sentence by saying, “Remember, tell your family you love them, spend time outdoors, and make time for your hobbies.”

Step 2 Inspire listeners by ending your speech with a call to action.

  • You might challenge the audience to spend more time with their loved ones, volunteer in the community, or smile at five people each day.
  • For example, if your speech was about the importance of taking a break from technology, you might challenge the audience to spend a couple hours a day technology-free.
  • Ending your speech by encouraging people to take action will leave them feeling motivated, and they'll be more likely to remember your main talking points.

Step 3 Tell a story...

  • For example, if you're speaking about volunteering, you might tell a story about a family's reaction to the house they were given after you spent time building it.
  • While your story shouldn't be too long, give enough details for it to make sense and create a full picture for the audience.

Step 4 Repeat a certain phrase to make it memorable.

  • Your line might be, “Take time to listen,” or “Make positive change.”
  • If you've repeated it several times throughout the speech, the audience might even say it back with you at the end.

Step 5 Use a famous quote to make an impact.

  • You might quote Martin Luther King, Jr. by saying, “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that.”
  • Search for the perfect quote by pulling up your online search engine and typing in “quotes about” and then a general theme that you'd like to convey, such as “hard work” or “hope.”

Step 6 Ask the audience a question as your ending.

  • If you're giving a speech at a school, you might finish it by asking, “What are you going to do to make time for reading?” or “How are you going to use your knowledge to impact the future?”

Step 7 Make the audience laugh to end on a note of humor.

  • For example, you might say, "I hope my speech kept you on the edge of your seats—hopefully because you were interested and not thinking about getting up to leave."

Perfecting Your Tone

Step 1 Speak clearly to make sure people understand you.

  • If you find yourself speaking quickly, take a breath in between each sentence to help slow you down.

Step 2 Use a range of inflections when you're speaking.

  • Practice mastering your voice inflection in front of a mirror before your speech, paying attention to how your voice sounds as you're speaking.
  • For example, you might raise your voice when saying super important points in your speech, or end a question in a higher voice to get your point across.

Step 3 Finish your speech...

  • Stand up tall and look at the crowd as you're finishing your speech.
  • If you notice yourself getting a little louder as you're ending your speech, this means the passion is coming through in your voice.

Expert Q&A

Lynn Kirkham

  • Your conclusion should be about 10-15% of your speech. Thanks Helpful 2 Not Helpful 2
  • Avoid ending your speech abruptly without signaling that it's coming to an end. Thanks Helpful 2 Not Helpful 3

ending words of a speech

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Give a Thank You Speech

  • ↑ https://uark.pressbooks.pub/speaking/chapter/closing-a-speech/
  • ↑ https://westsidetoastmasters.com/article_reference/12_ways_to_end_your_speech.html
  • ↑ Lynn Kirkham. Public Speaking Coach. Expert Interview. 20 November 2019.
  • ↑ http://canuwrite.com/speech_one_liners.php
  • ↑ https://courses.lumenlearning.com/publicspeakingprinciples/chapter/chapter-12-vocal-aspects-of-delivery/

About This Article

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How To End A Speech Excellently: 12 Concluding Tips

How To End A Speech Presentation: The ending part of a speech is very much as important as the beginning and the body of speech. It is necessary to be intentional about not neglecting speech closure. Speech cannot be completed in isolation of any of its components. In other words, what makes a speech, a speech is the fact that its generally accepted format is wholly adhered to without reservation. So much attention is normally given to the introductory part for obvious reasons which include the fact that it would go a long way stirring up the interest of the audience towards the speech.

Same level of attention and effort is made in respect of the body of a speech for the reason that it is the substance of the speech and contains the information intended to be passed. But it seems that little or no attention is given to the conclusive part of a speech because it is generally believed that conclusion is always never a big deal.

How to end a speech with impact

This is purely a misconception. A speech without a good end may loose its purpose. Not just for ending sake; the enthusiasm with which the speech is begun with must be sustained up till the ending part. That is what makes a perfect speech. Having pointed out the necessity of sustaining the initial efforts up till the end of a speech, here are best ways to end a speech.

Recommended: How to start a speech perfectly well

Tips to end an interesting speech with impact, joke or quote

1. Ensure to Complete Your Speech Presentation Within The Time Alloted to you:  I choose to consider this first because it is a non-negligible factor which people tend to neglect. The fact is this; whenever you run out of the time allotted to you during your speech, your conclusion bears the consequences.

How to end a speech with a quote

Circumventing this situation from occurring is the first step to ensuring that your speech is well ended. It is better to summarize your points while presenting the body of the speech (because this seems to be the part that costs more time). And interesting fact is that summarizing or hitting on the body of your speech whenever time factor calls for it, does not frustrate you from illustrating your points better.

This is because, those points would still be implicated during your conclusion. It is at towards the end of your speech that you’d wrap up your entire points. The attention of the audience is better sustained if this technique is correctly employed. On the other note of this heading, once your time has been clearly allotted, the audience would become conscious of that. Things you say outside your time may be less compelling, no matter how resounding the points are.

And when it is on your notice that you have already gone out of your time, it makes you unstable. The point here still is that your ability to work within time is the first best way to end a speech. Whenever you run out of the time allotted to you, your conclusion bears the burden.

2. Employ a Conclusive Tone:  While getting to the end of your speech, it is a formality to end with a conclusive tone. This shows that you are carrying your audience alongside your speech far way up till the conclusion. Tone is as a device helps to sustain the attention of your audience. It suggests perfect communication. You shouldn’t be found ending your speech abruptly or as a surprise.

How to end a welcome speech

That’s wrong. Your tone should be able to dictate or suggest the stage at which you are in your speech. Your audience should be able to predict that you are rounding off. Tone is not farfetched. It is the manner in which your speech is expressed. Trying to master a conclusive tone? Employ the appropriate intonation and articulation, be confident as to show that you understand and believe in your speech (this will make you sound convincing), employ the tone of sorrow, supplication, pity, hope, etc, where appropriate. All these put together, your tone should always suggest that you are concluding.

Also see: How to start a conversation with someone easily

3. You Can Use “in Conclusion”: This is straight. While ending your speech, you can use words which suggest the coming to an end of your speech. Words such as; in conclusion, that being the case, I choose to drop my biro by…, having said all that is necessary, in the absence of every other material point, and the host of them. Use such words only when you are sure that you’re concluding.

Great Ways to End a Speech

Remember that your audiences are flowing with you; don’t sway them into believing that you are concluding whereas you are still in the body of the speech. It is an abuse of the formality. Asides that, it can be annoying. Use conclusive clauses only when you are sure that you’re concluding.

4. End With a Summary : Having marshaled out your points while you were presenting the body of the speech, it is never enough. Your audience shouldn’t be surprised that you’ve ended. You need to wrap up all your points in a summary manner. You need to reiterate certain grave points to their hearing.

Remember that it is from the points which you’ve made at the body of your speech that your conclusion should be drawn from. Formality demands that you summarize them. Asides formalities, the audience expect and await your points to be reiterated.

Always end with a summary of your points. You know and understand your points better, and you’ve said a lot already. It is necessary to restate them towards the end of your speech in a summary manner.

Recommended: How to be a good conversationalist

5. Refer Back To Your Introduction : Towards your end, always remember where and why you started. Your introduction is the basis of your speech. It is the spike which gave rise to the totality of your speech. Your introduction is in fact the purpose of your speech. Your introduction extends to the issues which you’ve raised in your speech.

How to end a speech with a joke

These issues are never resolved if you fail to connect the dots of the introduction and body if the speech to the conclusion. Resolving the basis of your speech makes it a successful one. And to achieve that, you must towards the end of your speech, refer back to the introduction which had identified the basis of your speech.

6. Make Use Of Rhetorical Questions : By the time you start heading to the end of your speech, certain issues must have been raised in the mind of your audience. That’s not enough. Try to put up rhetorical questions towards the end of your speech where necessary.

It is an amazing device to employ. Rhetorical questions suggest that your speech is purpose driven. Thus, it has a direction; you understand your points, the issues and the possible solutions.

Also see: Challenges facing youths in the society today and solutions

7. Proffer a Solution : Having highlighted your points, you probably must have raised certain issues in the mind of the audience. Don’t leave them unattended to. Relax their mind by suggesting a solution. Your solutions must be credible, verified and realistic. It shouldn’t be such that will raise more questions in the mind of the audience.

Different Ways to End a Presentation or Speech

8. Call Your Audience to Action: Having suggested solutions, you must make a point towards its enforcement. This is done by urging the audience to do this or that.

Best Ways To End A Speech

It could simply be to urge them to find reasons with your line of speech, or to put the solutions which you have suggested into work.

Also see: How to speak in public without fear

9. Use a Summary Slide : Towards the end of your speech, if you are using slide, it would be more appropriate to shoe the summary of your speech in the slideshow instead of showing a thank you slide. Your thank you should be verbally expressed instead. The summary slide could just contain a list of your head points.

How to end a speech about yourself

10. Thank the Audience : It is true that you may have educated the audience. Maybe you’d think they owe you a thank you instead. No, that’s not it. Your audience has just given you the platform to popularize your capability.

How to end a welcome speech

They had just sacrificed their time and patience to come for you, stay for you and hear you. They had maintained decorum during your speech. That’s a lot of consideration. You owe them a thank you. You’ll have to tank your audience respectfully. The thank you doesn’t need to be stretched. A formal thank you will suffice.

Also see: How to read and remember anytime

11. Know the Stage Exit : This is an addendum benefit. You should try to understand the structure of the stage before hand. Understanding the stage design gives you confidence.

Know the entrance and the exit. This will save you an awkward moment of finishing with your speech and not knowing what to do next.

12. Exit the stage enthusiastically : With all the energy you came up to the stage with, you definitely won’t remain the same after your speech.

Yet, you still have to maintain that enthusiasm up till the end of your speech. Your tiredness shouldn’t be shown to the audience. Maintain the energetic pace with which you began with. Try not to fluctuate.

Recommended: How to become a successful lawyer

A speech is a session of speaking especially a long oral message given publicly by a person. It could be a debate, occasion speech, demonstrative, persuasive, informative, etc. the tips outlined in this article are applicable to them all. Mastering the best ways to end a speech makes the totality of your speech unfettered.

ending words of a speech

Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka, ACMC, is a lawyer and a certified mediator/conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a developer with knowledge in various programming languages. Samuel is determined to leverage his skills in technology, SEO, and legal practice to revolutionize the legal profession worldwide by creating web and mobile applications that simplify legal research. Sam is also passionate about educating and providing valuable information to people.

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How to End a Presentation (+ Useful Phrases)

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Most people are aware of the power of first impressions.

However, our appearance and the first words we utter are only one part of the impact we have on others.

Arguably, the final words we exchange during an interaction can have an even more lasting effect . And that applies to public speaking, too.

Obviously, the way you introduce yourself and the topic you’ll be discussing is important.

However, the end of a presentation should also be recognized as a crucial part of the experience .

With that in mind, this article will walk you through some:

  • Things you should consider before drafting your conclusion,
  • Tips for ending a presentation memorably,
  • Mistakes you should avoid, and
  • Phrases you can use to wrap up your speech.

But, before we discuss how to end a presentation, let’s establish why having an impactful conclusion is so essential.

How to end a presentation - cover

Table of Contents

Why is it important to have an impactful ending for your presentation?

In our article about starting a presentation , we explained how the steps of the motivated sequence framework correspond to the structure of the average presentation or speech.

As we have established, the introduction of a presentation mirrors the first step of that model. That means that one of its main goals is to get the listeners’ attention .

The central part of the speech, or the body , corresponds to the second, third, and fourth steps of the motivated sequence framework. In other words, it has to:

  • Introduce the audience’s need (or identify a problem the listeners are having),
  • Offer a way to satisfy (or resolve) that need, and
  • Help the listeners visualize the successful implementation of the speaker’s solution.

Having checked off these points, we arrive at the conclusion , i.e., the subject of this article.

That stage of a presentation corresponds to the final step of the motivated sequence model — which consists of the call to action .

So, the conclusion of a presentation allows the speaker to drive their point home and nudge the audience toward performing a specific action.

However, that’s not the only purpose of a conclusion.

According to the authors of Business Communication: Process & Product , the final section of a presentation should achieve 3 goals . It should:

  • Summarize the main themes of the presentation,
  • Leave the audience with a specific and noteworthy takeaway (i.e. propose a specific course of action), and
  • Include a statement that allows the speaker to leave the podium (or pass the mic) gracefully.

Above all, the ending of a presentation should be memorable , akin to the punchline of a joke.

Having said that, let’s talk about some factors you should consider as you’re writing the conclusion of your speech.

Things to consider before crafting the conclusion of your presentation

If you’re trying to figure out how to end a presentation, knowing the goals of a conclusion should help.

However, those objectives are only one part of the puzzle. To get the others, you should also consider:

  • Your audience’s demographic breakdown,
  • The general purpose of your presentation ,
  • The specific purpose of your presentation , and
  • Your thesis statement .

With that in mind, let’s see how each of these factors can help you develop an impactful conclusion for your presentation.

Factor #1: The demographic breakdown of the audience

As we have noted in our article about starting presentations, understanding the demographic breakdown of one’s audience is a crucial part of drafting a speech .

After all, the audience affects all of the choices we make — from the way we present ourselves to the vocabulary and the supporting materials we use during our presentations.

In our quest to learn more about the effect an audience can have on a presentation, we spoke to Persuasion Strategist Juliet Huck .

Having spent a significant portion of her professional career preparing people to take the witness stand, Huck knows a thing or two about adjusting one’s messaging to fit the preferences of one’s audience. She says:

Juliet Huck

“[The] ending [of] every presentation should be different and always based on the background of your audience. This should not be a blanket statement.  It also depends on if you are educating your audience or persuading them to make a decision in your favor.  You must do the homework on your audience prior to giving a presentation and end by leading them to your desired conclusion by giving them a conclusion they can relate to.”

But, if you’re not entirely sure how to take your audience into account when drafting your conclusion, consider the following questions:

  • How will your audience connect to the topic you’re discussing?
  • How can you relate the information you’re sharing to the listeners’ needs?
  • What would make your audience think back on your presentation in positive terms?
  • What would be the most effective way to get your point across to this specific audience?

Knowing whether your audience is friendly, neutral, uninterested, or hostile will also help you adjust your approach.

If nothing else, it’ll tell you whether you should stick to the facts or feel free to deliver a more casual or rousing speech.

Examples of different audience breakdowns

In our article about starting a presentation, we demonstrated our tips through 3 fictional speakers. So, let’s use the same presenters to illustrate this point.

  • Nick Mulder is talking about the dangers of phishing. He introduced himself as the head of the security department. So, we can assume that he’s speaking to an audience of fellow employees, perhaps even through video conferencing software. Therefore, he was addressing an internal problem the company was having in front of a fairly receptive audience.
  • Joan Miller is talking about how artificial intelligence is changing the future of the marketing industry. In her introduction, she mentioned having over four decades of experience in marketing. Consequently, we can infer that she’s speaking to an audience of marketing specialists who were previously unaware of her credentials.
  • Milo Green is talking about employee retention. In his introduction, he indicated that the audience may know him as the founder of Green & Co. So, he’s probably famous enough to be recognized by at least a portion of his audience. Between that and the subject of his presentation, we can assume that he’s talking to the upper management of other companies.

From our examples, we can see how the identity of the speaker and their level of familiarity with the listeners might affect the way they prepare their presentations .

Factor #2: The general purpose of your presentation

Understanding the general purpose of a speech brings you one step closer to knowing how to end a presentation.

According to the authors of Communicating at Work , most presentations can be sorted into one of 3 categories based on that factor. In that regard, your presentation could be:

  • Informative , aiming to expand the listeners’ knowledge and/or help them acquire a specific skill,
  • Persuasive , with the goal of changing the listeners’ opinions or encouraging them to behave a certain way, or
  • Entertaining , which is good for getting the audience to relax and look forward to upcoming speakers or events.

The general purpose of your presentation will naturally affect your conclusion because it will change what you choose to emphasize.

💡 Pumble Pro Tip

The basic goal of your presentation could correspond with the type of presentation you’re giving. To learn more about presentation types and styles, check out this article:

  • Presentation types and styles explained

Examples of defining the general purpose of a presentation 

Let’s see how our imaginary presenters would define the general purpose of their presentations.

  • The general purpose of our phishing expert’s presentation is informative . The speaker’s primary goal is to teach his coworkers how to recognize and defend themselves against phishing attempts.
  • Our marketing expert’s presentation is persuasive . She wants to change her listeners’ minds and make them more open to using AI in their marketing campaigns.
  • The last speaker’s presentation about employee retention is also persuasive . After all, the speaker is attempting to show his listeners how they can increase the employee retention rate at their own companies. However, depending on the circumstances surrounding the speech, it could also take on some entertaining qualities.

Factor #3: The specific purpose of your presentation

The specific purpose of a presentation is essentially the outcome you’re looking to achieve with your speech. Defining this goal will require you to know the answers to the following questions :

  • Who do you want to influence?
  • What do you want them to think or do?
  • How, when, and where do you want them to do it?

Ideally, the specific goal you come up with should be realistic and highly specific .

To that end, the authors of Communicating at Work recommend setting measurable goals . So, for example, instead of thinking: “ I want to get approval for my project. ”,

“I want my manager to let me set aside one day per week to work on this project. I also want them to let me ask one or two other people to help me with it.”

Having this kind of goal in mind will help you figure out how to wrap up your presentation.

Examples of defining the specific purpose of a presentation

So, how would our 3 speakers specify the desired outcomes of their presentations in measurable terms? Let’s see:

“I want the people in my company to understand the dangers of phishing attacks. They should learn the exact steps they need to take when they see a suspicious email in their inbox.”
“I want these marketing experts to be more knowledgeable about the way artificial intelligence works right now and understand how they can incorporate that software into their professional practice.”
“I want managers and HR professionals to know how they can make their companies a better place to work so they can keep their employee retention rate high.”

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Factor #4: Your thesis statement

Ultimately, defining the general and specific goals of your presentation is a great way to keep yourself on track when crafting your speech.

However, the audience doesn’t need to know those goals.

Instead, they can hear your thesis statement — a summary of your overall message .

You can treat this statement as the throughline of your presentation. It will appear at least once in the introduction, followed by a few repetitions throughout the body of the presentation.

Finally, you’ll also want to include that same idea in your conclusion at least once.

In addition to keeping you, as the speaker, grounded, that repetition also keeps your audience from wondering what your presentation is about .

Examples of defining the thesis statement of a presentation

So, what would a thesis statement look like in practice? Let’s hear it from our fictional presenters:

“Identifying and reporting phishing emails will save the company’s information and money in the long term.”
“Right now, artificial intelligence isn’t as advanced as people think it is. However, we can still use it for marketing purposes as long as we make sure the process doesn’t begin and end with AI.”
“Improving your employee retention rate makes employees more engaged with their work and saves the company time and money that would otherwise go to training new personnel.”

How to end a presentation with a bang: 10 tips + examples

Now that we know why having an impactful conclusion is so crucial, it’s time to find the right way to achieve your goals.

To that end, we have highlighted 10 tips that might help you wrap up your presentation .

  • Reiterate the key points and your core message.
  • Mirror your opening statement.
  • Elicit a response.
  • Engage the audience.
  • Call to action.
  • Hand out materials.
  • Acknowledge your contributors.
  • Provide contact information.
  • Thank the audience.
  • Ask for feedback.

Of course, many of these methods we’ll discuss can be combined. However, your choices may be limited depending on the factors we have previously mentioned.

Tip #1: Reiterate the key points and your core message

Making sure the audience remembers your main points is one of the most important objectives your conclusion should accomplish.

With that in mind, you should dedicate some time at the end of your speech to reinforcing what you were trying to say throughout your presentation.

Take it from Mark Beal , Assistant Professor of Professional Practice, Communication, at Rutgers University:

Mark Beal

“Every presentation should deliver and consistently reinforce three key message points. Most audience members will not recall more than three messages. Some may only recall one or two. With that [in mind], an engaging and effective presentation should conclude with the three messages the presenter wants the audience to take away.”

In essence, you’ll want to summarize your presentation by reiterating up to 3 key points and then repeating your thesis statement.

You could even translate this tip to your presentation slides. As Juliet Huck says:

“Your last slide should always draw your audience to your desired conclusion. [It] should be your billboard message , as we remember 70% of what we see and 20% of what we hear.”

We can see what that might look like through the example of our imaginary presentation on the dangers of phishing, below.

The final slide of a presentation about phishing

Tip #2: Mirror your opening statement

According to the authors of Communicating at Work , splitting a narrative between the introduction and the conclusion of your presentation is a good way to keep your audience’s attention.

Assistant Professor of Rhetorical Communication at the State University of New York, Dr. Lee M. Pierce , agrees:

Dr. Lee M. Pierce

“Psychological closure is looping back to the beginning to give the audience a sense of a closed circle. Don’t add new information in the conclusion, just tie the presentation up with a bow. [For example,] I always customize my closings based on the opening of the speech. During a TEDx Talk on Beyoncé’s ‘Formation,’ I began by walking out to the introduction to the song, and then I ended by walking off to the end of the song.”

The above quote demonstrates that this tip can be useful no matter which method you used to start your presentation .

You can use it to put a new spin on a statistic you shared in the introduction, give a story you told a different ending, or finish the punchline of a joke you started with.

Overall, coming back to the theme you introduced at the beginning of your speech should make your presentation seem more complete and intentional .

Phrases you can use to reflect the introduction of your presentation in the conclusion

With all that being said, let’s see how our imaginary speakers would mirror the opening lines of their presentations in their conclusion.

Having started with a phishing statistic, our first speaker might say:

“Going back to the number we started with, remember that the Anti-Phishing Working Group has recorded 1,270,883 individual phishing attacks in the third quarter of 2022 — and that number is always on the rise. Luckily, you now have all the information you need to avoid becoming a part of that statistic.”

Our second speaker would have announced her plans to survey her listeners at the beginning of her presentation. In her conclusion, she might say:

“At the beginning of my presentation, I asked you to answer a quick survey on whether you’d be willing to work with AI. If you look back at your phones, you’ll see a different link in the #general channel on Pumble . Let’s see if this talk has managed to sway some opinions!”

ending words of a speech

Lastly, our final speaker might refer back to a humorous statement he made about chaining one’s employees to their desks to ensure that employee retention rates stay high.

“Once you start making your company a better place to work, your employees will happily perform their daily tasks — without being glued to their desks.”

Tip #3: Elicit a response

Making an audience experience strong emotions is always a good thing, but especially as the presentation comes to a close.

Putting the listeners in a contemplative mood or, even better, a cheerful one, means that they’ll be more likely to remember you and the points you made after your presentation ends.

On top of that, concluding your presentation in this manner would allow you to step off the stage gracefully, which is one of the main goals your conclusion should accomplish.

Now, depending on the type of presentation you’re delivering and, indeed, your style of presenting, you could elicit a response by:

  • Ending with a short but powerful statement ,
  • Asking a thought-provoking rhetorical question ,
  • Relying on an impactful statistic or a quote , or even
  • Inserting a funny picture or a meme on your final presentation slide.

Any one of these methods could help you solidify yourself and your message in the minds of the audience.

Phrases you can use to elicit a response from the audience

So, how would our 3 presenters try to get a response from their audiences? Well, they might use the following statements.

“Ultimately, the best defense against phishing attacks is human intelligence. You, alone, can ensure that your information remains secure by implementing the checklist I’ve shared today.”
“So, let me ask you again. Would you be willing to incorporate AI into your marketing campaign?”
“Hey, if the conditions you’re offering to your employees are good enough — there’s no need to keep them glued to their desks.”

ending words of a speech

Tip #4: Engage the audience

As we’ll discuss later on, having a Q&A session at the end of your presentation doesn’t always pan out the way you want it to.

Even so, getting your audience — or at least a few select listeners — to verbally respond to you can go a long way toward making you seem like a more engaging speaker.

Still, you can’t implement this tip without a strategy. You want to lead your audience to a certain type of response .

Professional speaker, career change consultant, and host of the Career Relaunch® podcast, Joseph Liu , had this to say:

Joseph Liu

“I often invite attendees to share what action they’re going to take amongst the potential ones I’ve covered throughout the presentation or to at least commit to taking some sort of action.”

Speaker, author, and editorial producer at CNN, Nadia Bilchik , agrees:

Nadia Bilchik

“If time allows, I always ask participants to share their biggest takeaway.”

The quote above also highlights the importance of being aware of the time as you are concluding a presentation — which is another thing we’ll talk about later.

For now, we’ll just boil this tip down to the following statement: if possible, try to make people verbalize or at least think about the knowledge they’re taking away from your speech .

Phrases you can use to engage the audience

Going back to our imaginary speakers, let’s see how this tip might work in practice.

“As we approach my conclusion, I’d like for us to reflect on everything we’ve learned here today. So, let me turn the spotlight on you all. Does anyone remember how to recognize a phishing email without opening it?”
“Now, I’m sure everyone here has some idea of how they might incorporate AI into their next marketing campaign. Is anyone willing to share their strategy?”
“Alright! Pop quiz time — don’t worry, I won’t grade you. Can you all shout out the main 3 ways to increase employee retention? Number 1?”

Tip #5: Call to action

Once you have finished reiterating your core message and making sure you have your audience’s attention, you need to be able to direct the listeners to the next step.

As Michelle Gladieux , author of Communicate with Courage and President of Gladieux Consulting, an employee coaching provider, would put it:

Michelle Gladieux

“What can the audience DO with the information you’ve shared? Suggest a positive, fruitful next step or, even better, suggest several, and let your presentation participants choose among options that have panned out well for others.”

In her workshops, Gladieux says:

“We ask participants to document at least one goal for behavior change that is specific, measurable, and time-based, and take a bonus step of inviting them to name one person they’ll tell about their goal for added accountability.”

According to the authors of Communicating at Work , there are 2 ways to deliver a call to action at the end of your presentation. Namely, you can either phrase it as:

  • An appeal or a question (e.g. “If any of this sounds interesting, you can learn more by signing up for our newsletter through the link on the screen behind me.” ), or
  • A challenge or a demand (e.g. “Now, you can keep doing what you’re doing and getting lackluster results. Or, you can sign up for our newsletter to receive tips that will help you upgrade your strategy.” ).

As always, your choice will depend on the factors we have listed at the top of this article.

Phrases you can use to call the audience to action

Let’s see what our fictional speakers’ calls to action might look like.

“Remember, even if you happen to open a phishing email, you’ll be able to deal with it easily by forwarding it to this email address. That’s the main thing you need to remember from this talk.”
“I bet many of you could come up with even more creative ways to incorporate AI into your marketing campaigns. So, how about this: if you fill out the form I’m about to send you, I’ll check in with you in about three months. Those of you who succeed in using AI in a meaningful way will get a chance to share your insights on this very stage next year!”
“I have a challenge for those of you who are ready to meet me at my level. I want you to sign a pledge, promising to boost your employee retention rate by 10% in the next year. We had a similar experiment at one of my talks a couple of years back, and even I was surprised by the results.”

If you decide to accompany this part of your speech with a call to action slide, keep Juliet Huck’s advice in mind:

“A call to action slide is not always persuasive. Persuasion is not a call to action — it is a directed action. To ‘call’ means someone can say no, but to ‘persuade’ [is to] direct your audience to your desired conclusion based on a number of steps.”

In effect, that means that your call to action should be the final step of your persuasion strategy.

You should start building to that desired outcome well before you get to the end of your presentation.

Tip #6: Hand out materials

The ending of a presentation is the perfect time to give the audience a keepsake of your speech .

But, keep in mind that a memento doesn’t have to be a physical item. As Michelle Gladieux would say:

“I like to direct my audiences to free downloadable resources on our website for those who want to continue their personal and professional growth as leaders and communicators.”

So, sharing resources through email or a business messaging app would work just as well.

Of course, you don’t have to hold off until the conclusion of your presentation to give your audience something to remember you by. Gladieux also shared a method she used in her workshops: 

“[Most of our] participants have our high-quality original workbooks in hand during the presentation and available later as a tangible resource. Folks add notes, take short assessments, and work on case studies when we teach using workbooks. If we use presentation slides, we keep the content as engaging visually as possible and short on words.”

If your budget allows you to do something similar, that might be a good way to make the audience remember you.

Phrases you can use before handing out materials

In the scenarios we have conjured up, the speakers might introduce their additional materials like so.

“If you’re interested in learning more about phishing and how you can defend yourself from future attacks, you’ll find more information by following the link on the screen.”
“Now, at this point, I see that my associates have already started delivering some additional materials and miscellaneous goodies to you. I hope you’ll use them to workshop further ideas for using AI in your marketing strategies.”
“I’ll go ahead and forward these presentation slides as well as some additional resources for improving employee retention to you all.”

The third speaker uses the team communication app, Pumble, to share additional resources

If you’re looking for a convenient way to deliver additional resources to the attendees of your speech, Pumble is a great option. This article offers some practical tips for using business messaging software for educational purposes — including online conferences:

  • Using Pumble for teaching and learning  

Tip #7: Acknowledge contributors

If you’re delivering a business presentation as a representative of a team or a department, you can also use the final moments of your speech to acknowledge everyone who worked on the presentation with you.

On the one hand, you could simply thank your team in general terms and leave it at that.

Alternatively, you could highlight the individual contributions of specific team members if you want to make sure their effort doesn’t go unnoticed.

Phrases you can use to acknowledge your contributors

Here’s how our fictitious presenters might acknowledge the people who helped them create their presentations:

“Before I sign off, I’d like to take a moment to thank Jill and Vanessa from the security team, who helped me compile the data and create the slides you just saw.”
“Finally, I’d like to acknowledge that this presentation wouldn’t be half as informative without the experts who helped me understand the technical side of AI.”
“Now, let’s all give it up for my wonderful team, who helped me organize this lecture.”

Improve communication and collaboration for increased team efficiency with Pumble.

Tip #8: Provide contact information

Business presentations often double as networking opportunities , both for presenters and for audience members.

With that in mind, you might want to put your contact information on one of your closing slides.

For one, doing so would show the audience how they can get in touch with you after your presentation ends. After all, they may have additional questions or even interesting business opportunities for you.

On top of that, putting your contact information on the last slide is also a good way to remind the audience of your name and credentials .

For that reason, our second imaginary speaker might have “Joan Miller — Chief Marketing Officer at Happy Media” on her final slide.

Phrases you can use to provide contact information

So, how would our presenters encourage their audience to keep in touch? Well, they might say: 

“I’m always happy to answer any of your security or phishing-related questions on Pumble. You’ll find me by clicking the plus sign next to the direct messages section and searching my name, Nick Mulder.”
“If you all have any follow-up questions for me or one of the AI experts I’ve spoken to, you’ll find all of our contact information on this slide.”
“If you want to stay up to date on Green & Co’s latest news, follow us on LinkedIn.”

The first speaker asked his coworkers to contact him through direct messages on the business communication app, Pumble 

Tip #9: Thank the audience

Many presenters find a way to incorporate a “ thank you ” slide at the end of their presentations.

If you want to express your appreciation to your audience members , you could do the same thing.

However, as we’ll soon discuss, many of the experts we’ve spoken to would advise against having pointless visuals at the end of your presentation.

After all, you want to leave the audience with something memorable to take away from your speech.

Still, if you want to thank the audience, you could always make that final slide serve multiple functions .

For example, a “thank you” slide can also contain the speaker’s contact information, as well as additional resources.

ending words of a speech

Tip #10: Ask for feedback

Lastly, some speakers might benefit from knowing what the audience thinks about their delivery and other aspects of their presentation.

That’s why some of the experts we’ve spoken to suggest that conducting a brief survey of the audience could be a good activity to end a presentation with.

Rutgers University professor, Mark Beal, says that:

“Offering audience members the opportunity to take a concise survey at the conclusion of a presentation will result in valuable insights that will inform how to consistently evolve and improve a presentation. […] We use the last few minutes of seminars to allow participants to answer a few questions about what was most useful in our content and delivery, and what, in that individual’s opinion, could improve.”

Michelle Gladieux is also an advocate for audience surveys, saying:

“I’ve delivered thousands of training workshops and keynotes and never miss an opportunity to ask for feedback formally (in writing), informally (in conversation), or both. As you might guess, I advise every presenter reading this to do the same.”

You could encourage this type of feedback by:

  • Asking attendees to share their thoughts on your presentation after you step off the stage,
  • Setting up a notebook near the door and asking people to jot down their thoughts as they exit,
  • Having a suggestion box for hand-written feedback notes, or
  • Creating an anonymous survey online and linking to it on your presentation slides.

Most presenters nowadays tend to rely on technology to compile audience feedback, but the method you use will depend on the circumstances surrounding your presentation.

If you’ve never had to ask for feedback before, you might find this article interesting:

  • How to ask your manager for feedback  

The worst ways to end a presentation

Having gone through the best practices for concluding a presentation memorably, we also wanted to know what are some of the mistakes speakers should avoid as they reach the end of their speech.

The experts we have spoken to have identified 5 of the worst ways to end a presentation :

  • Overloading your final slide.
  • Settling for a lackluster closer.
  • Ending with a Q&A session.
  • Not having time for any questions at all.
  • Going over your time.

So, let’s see what makes these mistakes so bad.

Mistake #1: Overloading your final slide

Overloading your presentation slides isn’t a mistake you can make only at the end of your presentation.

Professional speakers know that slides are only there to accompany your speech — they shouldn’t be the main event.

As Nadia Bilchik says:

Nadia Bilchik

“Slides are only there to support your message. Towards the end of the presentation, I may even stop the slideshow entirely and just have a black screen. At the very end of the presentation, my suggestion is to have a slide up with the next steps or a call to action.”

Dr. Lee M. Pierce also tends to use blank slides:

Dr. Lee M. Pierce

“I always end and begin with blank slides. As a speaker, you’re trying to build connection and rapport between you and the audience, not between the audience and your slide deck.”

Therefore, putting too much information onto a single slide can make the speaker seem unprepared, in addition to overwhelming the audience.

When in doubt, remember Kawasaki’s 10/20/30 rule :

  • No more than 10 slides per presentation,
  • Keep your presentations under 20 minutes, and
  • The text on your slides should never be smaller than 30-point font. 

Mistake #2: Settling for a lackluster closer

If your goal is to become a proficient speaker, you’ll have to stop using uninspired closers like:

  • “Well, I guess that’s it.”
  • “That’s pretty much all I had to say.”
  • “That’s about it from me. Can we get some applause?”

The audience will respond if you say something deserving of a response.

Instead of using these bland lines, remember Juliet Huck’s advice:

“Never end your presentation without closing the loop of your beginning theme and being specific when asking for your desire conclusion.”

As we have established, it’s best to conclude your speech by bringing back your thesis statement and key points.

Finishing with weak visuals is similarly offensive — and here we’re not just talking about presentation slides.

Remember, body language is an important component of our communication .

Fidgeting as your presentation comes to a close or slumping your posture as soon as you’re finished speaking won’t do.

As Michelle Gladieux would say:

“Never end a presentation seeming happy to be done, even if you are! Be certain you’re happy to be the presenter before you begin, or find someone else to do it.”

In other words, try not to show signs of anxiety during your presentation .

Maintain a confident demeanor for as long as you remain on stage or as long as you’re on camera, in the case of virtual meetings .

Mistake #3: Ending with a Q&A session

One of the experts we have spoken to, Nadia Bilchik, was particularly adamant about not ending presentations with Q&A sessions.

“Never ever end a presentation on a question-and-answer session. I have seen numerous presenters end by asking ‘Any questions?’ Too often there are no questions, and the presenter is left looking deflated and muttering ‘Thank you.’ [If there are] no questions, you can always say ‘A question I’m often asked is…’ or ‘Something I would like to reiterate is…’ Never end your presentation without your audience being clear about what they are expected to do with the information you have just shared.”

Adding that you can:

“Ask for questions, comments, and concerns, and only then end with a quick wrap-up. The goal is to end with your audience being clear on their next steps.”

Even if the listeners do have questions, there’s a good reason not to have a Q&A session at the very end of your presentation.

Namely, there’s always a chance that someone will ask a question that completely derails the conversation.

If you have the Q&A portion right before your conclusion, you’ll have time to reiterate your core message and proceed with a memorable closing statement .

For reference, you can ask for questions by saying:

“Before I close out this lecture, do you guys have any questions for me?”

Then, if there are no questions, you can still proceed to your conclusion without losing face. 

A Q&A session is one of the best ways to make your presentations more interactive — but it’s not the only way to go about it. To learn more, check out this article:

  • 18 Ways to make presentations more interactive and engaging

Mistake #4: Not having time for any questions at all

Ending with a Q&A session could be a problem — but, perhaps, not as big of a problem as not taking questions at all.

As Mark Beal would say:

“Not giving the audience the opportunity to participate in the presentation via a question and answer session is another ineffective way to end a presentation. Audiences want to have a voice in a presentation. They will be more engaged with the presentation content and recall it more effectively if given the opportunity to participate in the presentation and interact with the presenter.”

Dr. Lee M. Pierce adds:

“It’s always good to leave at least 15 minutes for questions. Leaving 5 minutes is annoying and pointless. Also, be prepared that the audience may not have questions or not feel comfortable just jumping in, so have some of your own questions ready to offer them. You can say something like, ‘Just to put it out there, if I were going to ask me a question, I’d ask…’ ”

Now, both Nadia Bilchik and Lee M. Pierce have mentioned phrases you can use if no one comes forth with a question.

You’ll notice that the sentences they have come up with will require you to consider the questions you may be asked ahead of time .

In addition to helping you create a better presentation, doing this will also allow you to answer any questions effortlessly.

Mistake #5: Going over your time

Last but not least, many of the professional speakers we have interviewed have stressed the importance of ending one’s presentation on time.

Michelle Gladieux said it best:

“The best way to end a presentation is ON TIME. Respect others’ time commitments by not running over. You can always hang around for a while to speak with people who have more to say or more to ask.”

Dr. Lee M. Pierce agrees:

“The worst thing you can do is run over time. If you were given 45 minutes for a presentation plus 15 minutes for Q & A, you should end at 45 minutes — better if you end at 35 or 40.”

Then again, according to Guy Kawasaki’s 10/20/30 rule, even going over the 20-minute mark could risk boring and alienating one’s audience.

Useful phrases for ending a presentation

In the course of our research, we’ve found many practical phrases one might use to wrap up a presentation.

We even had experts send in their suggestions. For example, Nadia Bilchik says:

“I always end with a very quick summary of the content, a definitive call to action, and a reiteration of the benefits to the audience. This is a superb model, and I have shared it with thousands of individuals who have found it immensely valuable. Use this as your framework: What I have looked at today… What I am asking you to do… The benefits are…”

Other phrases you might use at the end of your presentation include:

“To recap, we’ve discussed…”

“Throughout this presentation, we talked about…”

“In other words,…”

“To wrap up/conclude,…”

“In short, I’d like to highlight…”

“To put it simply,…”

“In conclusion…”

“In summary, the goal of my presentation…”

“If there’s one thing you take away from my presentation…”

“In bringing my presentation to a close, I wanted to…”

If you’d like to incorporate a call to action, you might say:

“I’m counting on you to…”

“After this presentation, I’d like to ask you to…”

“Please take a minute to…”

“Next time you (see a suspicious email), remember to (forward it to this email address).”

To end with a quote, you could say:

“Let me leave you with this quote…”

“That reminds me of the old saying…”

Lastly, more useful phrases include:

“Feel free to reach out if you have any questions.”

“For more information, head to the link on the screen.”

“Thank you for your time/attention.”

“I hope you found this presentation informative/useful/insightful.”

Remember: the last words you say should make it abundantly clear that your presentation has ended.

What should your final slide look like?

If you don’t want to leave your final slide blank as some of the experts we have talked to would recommend, there are other ways to fill that space.

Joseph Liu told us:

“I tend to make it very clear the presentation is coming to an end by having a slide that says, ‘Closing Thoughts’ or something to that effect. I recommend ending with a recap of your content, reconnecting with the initial hook you used at the start, and finally, some sort of call to action.”

Mark Beal has a similar formula for his closing slides, saying:

“The final slides of my presentation include: A slide featuring three key messages/takeaways, A question and answer slide to engage the audience at the conclusion in the same manner a presenter wants to engage an audience at the start of a presentation, and A final slide including the presenter’s contact information and a website address where they can learn more information. This slide can include a QR code that the audience can screenshot and access the presenter’s website or another digital destination.”

Between these two suggestions and the many examples we have included throughout our guide, you ought to have a clear picture of what your final slide might look like.

End your presentations with a bang on Pumble

Knowing how to end a presentation effectively is a skill like any other — you’re bound to get better through practice and repetition.

To get the most out of your presentations, make sure to give them on Pumble.

Pumble — a team communication and collaboration app — allows you to have the most interactive, efficient presentations thanks to:

  • The video conferencing feature that allows you to share your knowledge with a large group of people,
  • The screen sharing feature that allows you share your presentation,
  • The in-call message feature, to ensure your audience can participate (and send questions for the FAQ partition of the presentation, for example), and
  • The blur background feature, that ensures your audience’s attention is always on you and you alone.

Secure, real-time communication for professionals.

OlgaMilicevic

Olga Milicevic is a communication researcher and author dedicated to making your professional life a bit easier. She believes that everyone should have the tools necessary to respond to their coworkers’ requests and communicate their own professional needs clearly and kindly.

What’s your team up to?

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Writing a eulogy, especially its conclusion, can be a profound and therapeutic experience. It's a chance to express your love and admiration, to grieve, and ultimately, to start healing. While the process is undeniably emotional, it's an important step in saying goodbye. And in the quiet closure of a well-delivered eulogy, we can find comfort, strength, and a deepened connection to the person we have lost.

So, as you join us on this journey of crafting the perfect ending for a eulogy, we hope you find the advice and insights you need to give your loved one the heartfelt farewell they deserve.

A strong conclusion to a eulogy does more than end a speech—it provides closure, offers comfort, and leaves a lasting impression of the life that was. But what exactly makes a eulogy conclusion effective? Let's delve into the essential components of a compelling eulogy conclusion and learn how you can personalize them for your own speech.

Summary of Main Points

The first component of a solid eulogy conclusion is a summary of the key points. Throughout the eulogy, you will have shared stories, discussed personal traits, and highlighted meaningful experiences. In your conclusion, revisit these main points in a succinct manner. You don't need to retell every story, but gently remind your audience of the essence of the life you've portrayed.

Personalizing Tip: When summarizing, keep in mind the central themes or messages you want the listeners to take away. If your loved one was known for their kindness, summarize stories that highlighted this trait. If resilience was their defining characteristic, remind the audience of the hardships they overcame. Align your summary with the overall narrative of your eulogy.

Personal Sentiments

In the conclusion, it's important to share your own feelings. How has the loss affected you? What will you miss most about your loved one? What part of their legacy will stay with you forever? Expressing personal sentiments adds depth to your speech, making it more relatable and emotionally engaging.

Personalizing Tip: Be sincere and speak from the heart. There's no right or wrong way to feel or to express your feelings. Just remember that your personal experience can resonate with others, helping them to process their own grief and feelings of loss.

Message of Hope or Comfort

Lastly, aim to end your eulogy with a message of hope or comfort. This is an opportunity to uplift the audience and provide solace in a difficult time. It could be a comforting quote, an optimistic outlook on the continuation of life, or a promise to uphold the deceased's values.

Personalizing Tip: Draw on the character and beliefs of your loved one. If they were religious, you might find comfort in scripture. If they were an optimist, express hope for the future. If they were passionate about a cause, pledge to carry on their work. This not only brings comfort but keeps their spirit alive in a tangible way.

Writing a eulogy conclusion involves balancing various elements. While you are summarizing the life of your loved one, you are also expressing personal emotions and delivering comfort to your audience. It's about finding the right blend of retrospection, emotion, and forward-looking optimism.

Remember, your words hold the power to comfort and heal—to help others make sense of their loss. While writing a eulogy is undoubtedly a challenging task, it is also a beautiful opportunity to honor your loved one in the most personal and heartfelt way possible. As you craft your conclusion, infuse it with sincerity and love. After all, it's not just the final words of your eulogy, but a lasting tribute to a life well-lived.

The conclusion of a eulogy is the final chance to leave a lasting impression of your loved one in the hearts and minds of your listeners. Achieving the right balance of poignancy and upliftment, sorrow and hope, can seem daunting. However, with the right approach to language, tone, and crafting your ending, you can create a conclusion that provides comfort and honors your loved one's memory. Here are some tips to guide you.

The language you use can have a profound effect on your audience. It shapes how they feel and remember your loved one. Use clear, simple, and heartfelt language. It's okay to be informal—this isn't a lecture, but a personal reflection on someone deeply loved and missed. Using 'big words' can distance you from your audience. Instead, speak as if you were talking to a friend.

Personalizing Tip: Consider your loved one's own language. Did they have favorite phrases or sayings? Incorporating these can make your eulogy conclusion feel more authentic and close to heart.

The tone of your conclusion should match the overall feeling of your eulogy. If your eulogy has been light-hearted, don't abruptly shift to a heavy tone. Similarly, if you've maintained a serious tone, a sudden joke can feel jarring. Consistency is key.

That being said, remember that a eulogy is a celebration of life. Even in the midst of grief, it's appropriate to inject some positivity into your conclusion. A balance between acknowledging the sadness of loss and the joy of having known them often works best.

Personalizing Tip: Reflect on the tone that your loved one would have appreciated. Were they someone who appreciated humor, even in tough times? Or did they prefer solemn, profound expressions of emotion? Let their personality guide your tone.

Crafting a Poignant, Yet Uplifting Ending

It's common to feel that the conclusion of a eulogy should be solemn or even somber. After all, it's a speech given at a funeral, a gathering steeped in grief and loss. However, it's also an opportunity to uplift your listeners, to offer comfort, and to inspire hope.

End your eulogy by highlighting the positive impact your loved one had on their world. Talk about their legacy and how they continue to live on in the lessons they taught, the love they shared, and the memories you all carry.

Personalizing Tip: Think about what your loved one stood for or believed in. Did they value family above all? Were they passionate about helping others? Did they believe in the power of love or the strength of human spirit? Tie these values into your uplifting message.

Remember, writing a eulogy conclusion that resonates with your audience involves more than just summarizing the speech or repeating clichéd phrases. It's about connecting with your listeners on a personal and emotional level, offering them comfort, and ensuring that your loved one's memory shines through. By being mindful of your language, maintaining a consistent tone, and crafting a poignant yet uplifting ending, you can create a memorable and fitting tribute to your loved one.

To fully understand how to craft a compelling eulogy conclusion, it can be incredibly helpful to examine a few examples. Let's explore three different eulogy endings, each of which skillfully incorporates the elements of summarizing main points, expressing personal sentiments, and delivering a message of hope or comfort.

"To summarize, my father was a man of few words, but the words he did share were always kind and meaningful. He lived by the principle of love and taught us to do the same. His passing is a profound loss, but his legacy of love lives on in us, his children, and in the countless lives he touched. As we gather here to say our goodbyes, I take solace in knowing that his spirit lives on, and his teachings continue to guide us."

This conclusion is effective because it recaps the central theme of the speech—the father's love and kindness. It acknowledges the loss, but it also offers comfort in the idea of his enduring legacy. It connects with the listeners, offering solace, and honoring the father's memory.

"Jenny was more than just a sister; she was my confidante, my role model, my best friend. We've laughed together, cried together, and faced life's challenges hand-in-hand. Today, it's difficult to imagine a world without her infectious laughter and indomitable spirit. But I know that her strength lives on within me, and in all who loved her. In honoring her memory, we keep her spirit alive."

In this conclusion, the speaker eloquently sums up the core attributes of the sister—her laughter, spirit, and strength. The message is heartfelt, acknowledging the pain of loss, but also the empowerment of carrying her strength within. It's an affirmation of continuing bonds with the deceased, which is a powerful source of comfort.

"As we say goodbye to our beloved grandma, I'm reminded of her favorite saying, 'The sun always rises.' She believed in the power of resilience, of finding light even in the darkest of times. Today, as we stand amidst the shadow of loss, her words ring true. For every sunrise is a reminder of her enduring wisdom, and each day a chance to live by the values she taught us. Even though she's no longer with us, her light continues to guide us."

This conclusion leverages the grandmother's own words to craft an ending that is both poignant and uplifting. It's not just about the sadness of the loss but about the hopeful message that she has left behind. It effectively connects the grandmother's wisdom to the continued presence of her influence, offering comfort and inspiration.

Each of these conclusions is effective because they strike a balance between expressing grief and offering solace. They are personalized to the individual being remembered, connecting the listeners to their unique attributes, values, or sayings. As you prepare your eulogy conclusion, consider the specific attributes and values of your loved one, and how these can be translated into a message of hope and comfort. Through this, you can craft an ending that truly honors their memory and provides solace to those in attendance.

Concluding a eulogy in a way that encapsulates your loved one's life and provides comfort can be a challenging task. In aiming for the right balance, there are some common pitfalls that you should be mindful of. By understanding these, you can more effectively craft a meaningful and resonating ending to your eulogy.

Overly Focusing on Grief

A eulogy should indeed acknowledge the pain and grief of loss, but its purpose goes beyond that. It is also a celebration of life, an opportunity to remember and honor the individual who has passed. If the conclusion is excessively centered on grief, it can overshadow the life and legacy of your loved one. To avoid this, ensure that your ending encapsulates not just the pain of loss, but also the joys and lessons of the life lived.

Being Too General

A common mistake when writing a eulogy conclusion is resorting to generic statements or clichés. While it's true that certain sentiments may be universal in times of loss, your conclusion should be unique and specific to the individual. Reflect on their life, values, passions, and their impact on those around them. These reflections should guide the crafting of your conclusion.

Rushing the Ending

Another pitfall is rushing the conclusion, often a result of the emotional weight of the process. Take your time in crafting your conclusion. It should be a thoughtful summation of the main points, sentiments, and messages conveyed throughout the eulogy.

Ignoring Your Emotions

It's understandable to want to maintain composure during a difficult time, but it's also okay to show your emotions. Don't shy away from expressing your feelings. Authenticity can bring a sense of comfort and connection to those listening.

Forgetting the Message of Comfort

It's important that your eulogy conclusion not only honors the deceased but also provides a message of comfort or hope to those in attendance. Try to include uplifting thoughts or a note of positivity that can bring solace to the grieving.

In ensuring your eulogy conclusion is both authentic and appropriate, remember that there is no 'perfect' way to write a eulogy. It's a deeply personal expression of love, grief, and remembrance. Be patient with yourself and let your feelings guide you. Listen to your heart and let it dictate the pace and tone of your writing.

Your eulogy conclusion is the last opportunity you'll have to communicate about your loved one in this specific context, make it count. Express your personal sentiments, recap the main points of the eulogy, offer comfort to the listeners, and above all, make sure it is a true reflection of your feelings for the person who has passed. Through this, you can craft a conclusion that honors their memory in the most heartfelt way.

Compassionate Eulogy Crafting for Spiritual Leaders

In the quiet moments before a final farewell, encapsulating your deep emotions in words can feel as intimate as capturing the essence of a soft evening's breeze. Composing a eulogy for a spiritual leader is a journey of respect and heartfelt sincerity. Eulogy Assistant is here to gently guide you in this task, blending homage with authentic emotion, turning meaningful memories into lasting tributes.

Our team, adept in the nuanced art of eulogy writing, is dedicated to helping you create a eulogy that reflects the serene grace and insightful wisdom of your spiritual leader. Eulogy Assistant offers more than just a service; we provide a partnership, offering empathetic guidance and support as you honor a life of spiritual significance.

Crafting a Mosaic of Reverent Memories

At Eulogy Assistant , we value the power of collaboration in creating an eulogy that resonates with emotional depth. Working with us, your personal recollections and heartfelt stories are seamlessly interwoven with our expertise, resulting in a tribute that is dignified and emotionally connecting.

Our approach is rooted in genuine dialogue and collaborative creativity. Your experiences and personal reflections are essential in painting a vivid narrative of your spiritual leader's life and legacy. This process goes beyond a mere recounting of their teachings; it's about capturing the essence of their personal connections and the impact they had on lives.

Together, we aim to craft a narrative that genuinely captures the spirit of your spiritual leader – a story that rises above standard eulogies, delving into deep respect, personal connections, and genuine emotion. Our joint efforts create a eulogy that is a heartfelt tapestry of words, reflecting the profound respect and love that your spiritual leader inspired.

Voices of Reflection: Client Testimonials

The true essence of our work is mirrored in the heartfelt testimonials from those we've assisted. These sincere expressions of gratitude and recognition from individuals who found solace and guidance in our services are the sincerest testament to our dedication.

"When the task of eulogizing my spiritual leader seemed daunting, Eulogy Assistant was a beacon of support, helping me craft a tribute that perfectly captured their spirit and teachings," Johnathan shares, who found understanding and solace in our service.

Emily adds, "The compassionate and skilled support from Eulogy Assistant was invaluable during my time of grief. They guided me in crafting a eulogy that was not merely words, but a heartfelt homage that deeply resonated with everyone connected to our spiritual guide."

These testimonials underscore our commitment to creating eulogies that are heartfelt expressions of respect, honor, and lasting memory. We are privileged to be part of your journey, celebrating the unique legacies of those who have profoundly influenced our lives and crafting eulogies that serve as enduring tributes to their spiritual guidance.

Join us in creating narratives that are deeply personal, respectful, and echo the true essence of the spiritual leaders who have left a lasting impact on our lives.

What is the Importance of Concluding a Eulogy Well?

Concluding a eulogy well is crucial as it leaves a lasting impression on the audience, provides closure, and encapsulates the essence and tribute of the loved one’s life.

How Do I Start to Conclude a Eulogy?

Begin the conclusion by transitioning from the body of the eulogy with a reflective statement or a summary of the key points you have shared about the deceased.

What Key Elements Should Be Included in a Eulogy Conclusion?

Include a final tribute to the deceased, words of comfort to the audience, a personal farewell message, and, if appropriate, a thank you to those in attendance.

How Long Should the Conclusion of a Eulogy Be?

The conclusion should be brief, typically lasting no more than a minute or two, effectively wrapping up the speech without extending it unnecessarily.

What Tone is Appropriate for Concluding a Eulogy?

The tone should be solemn yet comforting, reflective, and hopeful, in keeping with the overall tone of the eulogy and the nature of the service.

Can I End a Eulogy with a Quote or Poem?

Yes, concluding with a meaningful quote, poem, or scripture that resonates with the life or beliefs of the deceased can be a powerful and poignant way to end a eulogy.

Is It Appropriate to Share a Final Personal Memory?

Sharing a final, personal memory can be a touching way to end the eulogy, especially if it encapsulates the character or the impact of the deceased.

How Can I Make the Conclusion Personal and Meaningful?

Personalize the conclusion by expressing your feelings, sharing what the deceased meant to you and others, and how they will be remembered.

Should the Conclusion Offer Comfort to the Bereaved?

Yes, offering words of comfort and hope to the bereaved can help provide solace and acknowledge the collective grief of the audience.

Can I Include a Farewell Message to the Deceased?

A direct farewell message to the deceased in the conclusion can be a heartfelt and emotional way to say goodbye and can resonate deeply with the audience.

How Do I Transition Smoothly into the Conclusion?

Transition smoothly by acknowledging the end of the eulogy, perhaps with a phrase like “In closing” or “As we say goodbye”, signaling the conclusion to the audience.

Is It Suitable to Mention the Afterlife or Spiritual Beliefs?

If it aligns with the beliefs of the deceased and the audience, mentioning the afterlife or spiritual beliefs can offer hope and consolation.

How Can I Express Gratitude in the Conclusion?

Express gratitude towards the deceased for the lessons and memories shared, and thank the audience for their presence and support.

What If I Become Emotional While Concluding the Eulogy?

If you become emotional, it’s okay to take a moment to compose yourself. Showing emotion can be a natural and genuine part of saying farewell.

Can the Conclusion Reflect on the Legacy of the Deceased?

Yes, reflecting on the legacy and the lasting impact of the deceased’s life is a fitting way to conclude and honor their memory.

How Do I End the Eulogy on a Hopeful Note?

End on a hopeful note by focusing on positive memories, the enduring spirit of the deceased, or the support and strength of the community.

Should I Encourage Others to Remember and Celebrate the Deceased?

Encouraging others to continue to remember and celebrate the deceased’s life can be a comforting and unifying way to conclude.

Can I Use a Symbolic Gesture to End the Eulogy?

Using a symbolic gesture, like a moment of silence, a toast, or lighting a candle, can be a powerful and meaningful way to conclude.

How Do I Ensure the Conclusion is Respectful and Dignified?

Ensure the conclusion is respectful and dignified by keeping it focused on honoring the deceased and by avoiding any language or anecdotes that might be inappropriate.

Is It Okay to End with an Invitation to Further Commemorate the Deceased?

Ending with an invitation to share stories after the service, or to participate in another form of commemoration, can be a fitting way to encourage continued remembrance.

Looking For Examples? Here Are Some of The Best Eulogies

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13+ Closing Ceremony Speech Examples [ Training, Event, Conference ]

Closing Ceremony Speech Examples

A Closing Ceremony Speech is a pivotal moment, providing a chance to leave a lasting impression. This guide, brimming with diverse speech examples , offers a roadmap for creating impactful concluding remarks. Whether it’s encapsulating key moments, acknowledging contributions, or inspiring future endeavors, these speech examples serve as a foundation for crafting a message that resonates deeply. Ideal for anyone from students to professionals, this guide equips you with the tools to deliver a memorable and effective closing speech.

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Download Closing Ceremony Speech Bundle

As the old saying goes, “All good things must come to an end.”-1374 ( Chaucer) , and this has never rang true than in making closing speeches. Whether it be at a conference, during a big training or a special event. Everything has to come to an end and that is a fact. With that being said, some closing ceremony speeches can be tricky to write especially if you are told to write one and have no idea what to put. No worries, that problem will end too. Here are some 13+ closing ceremony speech examples to wow the right audience.

13+ Closing Ceremony Speech Examples

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2. Closing Ceremony Speech in School

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3. Closing Ceremony Speech For Students

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4. Closing Ceremony Speech Template

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5. Sample Closing Ceremony Speech Example

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7. Basic Closing Ceremony Speech Example

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8. Closing Ceremony Speech in PDF

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9. Formal Closing Ceremony Speech Example

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10. Printable Closing Ceremony Speech Example

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11. Closing Ceremony Speech by the President

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12. Standard Closing Ceremony Speech Example

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13. Closing Ceremony Speech on Education

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14. Closing Ceremony Speech Format Example

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Tips on Writing and Presenting Your Closing Ceremony Speech

You are about to be making or writing a closing ceremony speech. Whether it is for a church meeting, a wedding, a funeral, a graduation, or an award. There are a lot of people watching you, and you are supposed to be making it the best or a good closing speech. What are you going to do? Don’t panic, here are some tips to help you with.

  • Begin with a greeting : Begin with a simple greeting to welcome your guests, and the audience.
  • Mention Honored Guests : Just like in any formal event, there would always be honored guests, greeting and mentioning them should be a part of the speech.
  • Start with a thank you : Say thank you for those who have attended. Whether it is a sad event, a happy event, or any other type of formal event. Never forget to say thank you. You are being polite.
  • State the agenda: State as to why all of them are there. State the agenda or the reason for the ceremony.
  • Make eye contact : Do avoid bringing your copy of the speech in front. You can bring cue cards, and glance every now and then. But do not read your cue cards. You must maintain eye contact with your audiences.
  • Voice, Tone and Intonation : Keep an eye on your voice projection, your tone and your intonation. When making closing speeches, be careful you are not going to hurt someone’s feelings nor mispronounced someone’s name. Practice makes perfect.

Closing speeches for any type of occasion does not always mean it’s a sad event. Nor does it mean it has to be a boring event as well. When making your speech, interact with your audience, make them feel that they are part of the event as much as you are. Watch your tone when making and writing them as well, as a closing speech can also be a sad one especially when made in a funeral. But most of the time, closing speeches are used for happy events. With that being said, remember practicing makes it better.

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Conclusion transition words: Phrases for summarizing and ending

ending words of a speech

Transition words help us structure our thoughts and guide the reader or listener through what we are saying. When it’s time to summarize your message or end a paragraph, conclusion transition words let you signal this closing.

It’s good to know some synonyms for ‘in conclusion’ and ‘to conclude’, because although these are good examples of concluding words, they can get repetitive.

Our comprehensive list of transition words for conclusion and summary should give you all the inspiration you need, whether you are writing an essay or speech, or just want to become more confident forming an argument. These signal words can also be helpful for restating ideas, drawing attention to key points as you conclude.

We have included plenty of examples of how you can use these transition words for concluding paragraphs or sentences, so by the end of this article, you should be clear on how to use them properly.

ending words of a speech

Conclusion transition words with examples

We have grouped these summarizing and concluding transition words according to how and where they can be used. For example, some should only be used when forming a final conclusion, whereas others can be used to summarize sections mid-way through your speech or writing.

First, let’s be clear about the difference between a summary and a conclusion .

Summary vs conclusion

A conclusion comes at the end of a speech, chapter, or piece of text, and it brings together all of the points mentioned. A summary, however, can be placed anywhere (even at the beginning). A summary gives a brief outline of the main points but is not as in-depth as a conclusion.

If you are giving a presentation or writing a blog, you may wish to summarize the main points in your introduction so that people know what you are going to cover. You could also summarize a section part-way through before moving on to another angle or topic.

In contrast, the conclusion always comes at the end, and you should only use specific conclusion transition words as you are drawing to a close.

Transition words for conclusion paragraphs

Let’s begin with some discourse markers that signal you are moving to the concluding paragraph in your presentation, speech, essay, or paper. These can all be used to start a conclusion paragraph.

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • We can conclude that
  • Given these points
  • In the final analysis
  • As can be seen
  • In the long run
  • When all is said and done
  • I’ll end by
  • As we draw to a close

The last three on this list, the ‘closing’ transition words, would generally only be used in spoken discourse.

Some transition words for order and sequencing should also help with structuring what you want to say, including the ending.

Example conclusion sentences

The following sentences show how to use conclusion words correctly:

  • In conclusion , we can say that plan A will be of greater benefit to the company.
  • When all is said and done , it’s clear that we should steer clear of this investment strategy.
  • Given these points , I believe the trial was a great success.
  • I’ll end by reminding you all that this experiment was just the beginning of a much larger project.
  • To wrap up , let’s look at how this learning can be applied.
  • In the long run , we will make more profit by investing heavily in new machinery.
  • Having analyzed seven of our competitors in detail, we can conclude that our content marketing strategy should be updated.

Transition words for summary

The following summary transition words may be used as part of a conclusion paragraph, but they are especially helpful for concisely drawing together several points.

  • To summarize
  • On the whole
  • Generally speaking
  • All things considered
  • In a nutshell (informal)
  • In any case

Note that although you can insert summary transition words anywhere, the specific phrases ‘In summary’, ‘To summarize’ and ‘To sum up’ are generally only used at the end, similar to conclusion phrases.

Example summary sentences

  • In brief , this presentation is going to cover the pros and cons of the device and how we can apply this to our own product development.
  • This new technology is, in a word , revolutionary.
  • All things considered , we found that Berlin was a great city for a weekend break.
  • To summarize , we can say that Shakespeare’s writing continues to have a global influence.
  • We can say that the combustion engine was, on the whole , a good invention.
  • In any case , we should put the necessary precautions in place.
  • Generally speaking , girls are more thoughtful than boys.

Transition words to end a paragraph

You may wish to add ending transition words in the final sentence of a paragraph to conclude the ideas in that section of text, before moving on to another point.

Here are some transition words to conclude a paragraph:

  • This means that
  • With this in mind
  • By and large
  • For the most part

Note that some of these could equally be used to begin a new paragraph, so long as that paragraph is summarizing the points previously mentioned.

Cause and effect transition words could also be helpful in this context.

Examples of transition words for the end of a paragraph

  • Jamie is a vegan and Sheryl has a lot of allergies. This means that we should be careful which restaurant we choose.
  • The weather forecast said it would rain this afternoon. With this in mind , should we postpone our hike?
  • Each of the students has their own opinion about where to go for the field trip. Ultimately , though, it’s the teacher who will decide.

Restating points as you conclude

Conclusion transition words can also signal that you are restating a point you mentioned earlier. This is common practice in both writing and speaking as it draws the reader or listener’s attention back to something you want them to keep in mind. These are, therefore, also examples of transition words for emphasizing a point .

Here are some helpful transition words for concluding or summarizing by restating points:

  • As mentioned previously
  • As stated earlier
  • As has been noted
  • As shown above
  • As I have said
  • As I have mentioned
  • As we have seen
  • As has been demonstrated

You may switch most of these between the passive and active voice, depending on which is most appropriate. For example, ‘As has been demonstrated’ could become ‘As I have demonstrated’ and ‘As shown above’ could become ‘As I have shown’.

Example sentences to restate a point in conclusion or summary

  • As I stated earlier , the only way we can get meaningful results from this survey is by including at least a thousand people.
  • As has been demonstrated throughout this conference, there are exciting things happening in the world of neuroscience.
  • As shown by this study, the trials have been promising.

If you were researching these transition words for concluding an essay, you might find it helpful to read this guide to strong essay conclusions . Of course, there are many ways to use summary transition words beyond essays. They may be a little formal for casual conversation, but they certainly can be used in speech as part of a presentation, debate, or argument.

Can you think of any other concluding words or phrases that should be on this list? Leave a comment below to share them!

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Home > Wedding Tips and Advice > Wedding Speeches > Wedding Toasts – How to End Your Speech with a Bang

Wedding Toasts – How to End Your Speech with a Bang

Wedding Speeches

How should you end your wedding speech? Bearing in mind that a wedding ‘speech’ is formally a ‘toast’, it’s surprising how rarely we are asked who toasts who at the end of each wedding speech. A ‘toast’ is, of course, a moment when you ask the guests to raise their glasses to acknowledge one or more special people in the room. This is where it starts to get complicated with wedding toasts!

The Traditional Wedding Toasts

  • Traditionally the father of the bride speech includes a toast to the happy couple.
  • The groom responds on behalf of his wife and toasts the bridesmaids.
  • The best man replies on behalf of the bridesmaids and toasts the happy couple.

Best Man Wedding Toast

Times Are Changing

Clearly, the format and intricacies of weddings have changed drastically over the years. Wedding toasts have developed into speeches, and the rules for those speeches have become much more flexible .

Quite rightly, other people are taking to the mic’ and joining in. If you are inviting guests and other members of the wedding party to speak, we suggest you are as clear as possible about what you’d like them to cover and who you would like them to thank . You don’t want endless repetition; this isn’t the Oscars.

Alternative Wedding Toasts

  • Guests can toast their hosts for their wonderful hospitality.
  • Mother of the bride speeches can include a toast to friends and family.
  • A bride speech can include a toast to her husband.
  • A groom speech can include a toast to his wife.
  • There’s also an argument for toasting ‘Absent Friends’.

Groom Wedding Toast

How to Give an Unforgettable Wedding Toast

“Ladies and Gentlemen, I ask you to be upstanding and raise your glass to [insert person here].”

This ticks the box, but if you’ve given a stirring speech balancing heartfelt emotion and perfectly judged humour , it’s not really a fitting climax. It sounds more like a toast from a Livery function. As ever, we’d suggest a more modern and relevant form of words like:

“Please raise your glass to a long, happy and healthy future for [insert bride and groom’s names here].”

“Please raise your glass to the most important people in the room… friends and family.”

Finally, please make sure you use the names of members of the wedding party during any wedding toasts, not just their titles. “Thanks to our hosts for their hospitality” or “Here’s to the bride and groom” is terribly impersonal. Thanking “Sue and Jeff” is much warmer and more genuine.

Guest post by Lawrence Bernstein of Great Speech Writing

Images from…

Best Man Toast: Lara Hotz Photography

Groom Toast: James Andrew Photography

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Calls to 'fight' and echoes of Jan. 6 embraced by CPAC attendees

CPAC attendees stand at an electric staircase at the Gaylord National Resort Convention Center on Feb. 23, 2024.

NATIONAL HARBOR, Md. — Jack Posobiec set off a wave of alarm after a video of his welcome speech at this year’s Conservative Political Action Conference went viral . In the video, the right-wing activist and media personality said he wanted to end democracy and finish the mission of Jan. 6, installing a God-first government. 

“Welcome to the end of democracy. We are here to overthrow it completely,” he said Thursday. “We didn’t get all the way there on Jan. 6, but we will endeavor to get rid of it.”

Posobiec — known for internet trolling, conspiracy theories and blustering rhetoric — said in a subsequent speech and in an interview with NBC News that his statements were largely satirical, poking fun at what he sees as a lack of democratic values from President Joe Biden’s administration.

“We are always supportive of a constitutional republic,” Posobiec said on Friday, referring to conservatives at large. 

“What we’re trying to do is return it to the original system. We’re not destroying all of democracy, just their [Democrats'] democracy,” he added. 

Jack Posobiec talks at the 2023 Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington on March 3, 2023.

But in his speech Friday, Posobiec continued to use rhetoric evocative of a violent revolution.

"After we burn that swamp to the ground, we will establish the new American republic on its ashes, and our first order of business will be righteous retribution for those who betrayed America," he declared.

His calls for attendees to “fight,” and his support for “each and every J6-er” received standing ovations from many conference attendees, who defended the participants of the Jan. 6 insurrection in interviews with NBC News.

Posobiec has pedaled unfounded conspiracy theories about the involvement of federal agencies in fomenting the violence that occurred at the Capitol on Jan. 6, 2021, calling for justice for those prosecuted in relation to the incident. 

The conspiracy theory and its associated movement had fans at CPAC, many of whom thought that the events of Jan. 6 were a legitimate and good-natured effort to influence the election.

Jonathanan Linowes with his Jan. 6-themed pinball machine on display at CPAC.

Jonathan Linowes created a Jan. 6-themed pinball machine on display at CPAC that went viral on Thursday. Some people took the machine, titled “J6: Insurrection An educational documentary game,” as a joke, but for Linowes, it was a serious expression of his beliefs about Jan 6.

“I decided to make a game that actually expresses what really happened on Jan. 6,” he said in an interview Friday. “It’s very suspicious, and there was not any kind of a serious investigation of what went on.” 

When asked if he attended Jan. 6, Linowes said, “I can’t say.” He also wouldn’t answer directly whether he wanted to see a repeat of that day.

"I think that we should all be exercising our right to free speech and gather," he said.

Five people died at or in the days after the Jan. 6 insurrection, including a Capitol police officer and several participants.

People walk around media row at the CPAC at the Gaylord National Resort Hotel and Convention Center on Feb 22, 2024.

For some attendees, Posobiec’s calls against democracy resonated with them, playing into their belief that Jan. 6 was a just attempt at influencing processes of our democratic republic.

“Democracy is evil,” Tommy Tatum said. “Democracy is mob rule.”

Tatum, who has spoken extensively online about being at the Capitol on Jan. 6 and has recorded himself harassing Capitol police officers, was tabling at CPAC for the Jan. 6 Legal Defense Fund, which is used to pay legal fees for people facing prosecutions related to that day. 

Tatum said he supported the actions of the participants of Jan 6, saying “exactly what we wanted to have happen was happening,” referencing the interference of vote-counting at the Capitol. 

Suzzanne Monk with an orange shirt that reads "Pardon the J6,"

Suzzanne Monk, a Jan. 6 activist, runs a campaign seeking a pardon for everyone who was prosecuted in connection with the insurrection. Monk, who said she was in the area of the insurrection that day, echoed Tatum’s claims that the insurrection was supposed to be a peaceful effort to support a second term for Trump.

Monk said she doesn’t want violence, but that she worries what will happen if the 2024 election is called in Biden’s favor.

 “We’ve been ignored when we bring our concerns about election fraud,” she said, “so if it happens again, I don’t know what will happen.” 

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Ben Goggin is the deputy editor for technology at NBC News Digital.

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A Trump supporter spoke today at CPAC saying: ‘Welcome to the end of democracy!’ The radical right’s realistic roadmap for ending democracy is discussed by Joy Reid and her panel. Feb. 23, 2024

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COMMENTS

  1. 50 Speech Closing Lines (& How to Create Your Own)

    1. Will Stephen Ending Line: "I'd like you to think about what you heard in the beginning, and I want you to think about what you hear now. Because it was nothing & it's still nothing." 2. Canwen Xu Speech Ending: My name is Canwen, my favorite color is purple and I play the piano but not so much the violin… 2. Humor

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    A speech closing is not just about the words you say, but it is also the way you say it. Change the pace near the end of your speech. Let your tone alone should signal the end is near. It is about deliberate voice control, don't let your voice weakly away. In the next section, I will cover these ways to end your speech:

  3. 15 Powerful Speech Ending Lines (And Tips to Create Your Own)

    Hitiksha Jain Public Speaking, Speech Writing A powerful speech ending line helps you recapture the essence of your speech: your main points and the purpose of why you spoke. Basically, it is a summary of your dominant points.

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    Here are three of the best ways to end a speech. Each ensures your speech finishes strongly rather than limping sadly off to sure oblivion. You'll need a summary of your most important key points followed by the ending of your choice: a powerful quotation a challenge a call back

  5. 9 Tips to End a Speech With a Bang

    1) Plan Your Closing Remarks Word for Word To ensure that your conclusion is as powerful as it can be, you must plan it word for word. Ask yourself, "What is the purpose of this talk?" Your answer should involve the actions that you want your listeners to take after hearing you speak on this subject.

  6. How to Close a Speech

    There are three letters I want you to remember, "i", "a," and "n." Why? They come at the end of three important words: octogenarian, nonagenarian, and centenarian. If you plan to be active in your 80s, 90s, and 100s, you better start eating better, getting more exercise, eliminating unnecessary stress, and scheduling those routine screenings.

  7. How to End a Speech: The Best Tips and Examples

    1. Reiterate the main idea What is the central idea of your message? That is a secure place to start your conclusion. Above all, you have directed each part of your speech to support your topic, subject, or information. To start your conclusion, by all means, reiterate your speech 's main idea.

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    Moreover, your title could be in the form of a provocative question, or employ an alliteration to make it really interesting and memorable. 5. Position with power. End your speech with a powerful bang by making a bold statement that links back to your talk. Employ strong words or unique turns of phrase.

  9. Different Ways to End a Presentation or Speech

    Blood, sweat and tears - General Patton I came, I saw, I conquered - Julius Caesar A compelling story Ending your presentation on a short story, especially if that story is personal or illustrates how the content presented affects others is the best way to conclude.

  10. 3 Ways to Conclude a Speech

    Dream a little, and let your audience do the same. 3. Try repetition. Repeating a phrase or a couple of lines can be a great way to hammer home a couple of points and let your speech end with a bang. You can repeat whole phrases, or use parallel sentence structure to end your speech with repetition.

  11. How To End A Speech

    Henry Wadsworth Longfellow The conclusion of your speech is arguably the most critical part. It's the pinnacle of your persuasion, the culmination of everything you've talked about so far, and it's the moment when you state your final call to action.

  12. Closing your Speech with Impact (4 Keys)

    Before you close your speech, you should signal that you are closing. Tell the audience that the end is near. Be more creative than saying, "In conclusion" or "In summary" or something to that effect. I like to use picture words such as "Let's wrap this message up" or "As we come to the end" or "I'll leave you with this…".

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    But how you end it can make all the difference in your presentation's overall impact. Here are some ways to ensure you end powerfully: Way #1: Include a Strong Call-to-Action (CTA) Way #2: Don't End With a Q&A. Way #3: End With a Memorable Quote. Way #4: Close With a Story. Way #5: Drive Your Main Points Home.

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    Slow down When you get to the conclusion of your speech, you have to slow down. Make each word count with the use of more pauses. Be intentional and emphatic. You want your audience to know that you are wrapping up. Doing this will enhance the impact of your closing message. Give a call to action

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    1 Repeat the main point of your speech in the ending. While you likely went into detail about your main points throughout your speech, now is the time to summarize it simply. By repeating your message, you'll ensure that the audience hears what you have to say and will still remember it once they've left. [1]

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    9. Use a Summary Slide: Towards the end of your speech, if you are using slide, it would be more appropriate to shoe the summary of your speech in the slideshow instead of showing a thank you slide. Your thank you should be verbally expressed instead. The summary slide could just contain a list of your head points.

  17. How to End a Presentation (+ Useful Phrases)

    It should: Summarize the main themes of the presentation, Leave the audience with a specific and noteworthy takeaway (i.e. propose a specific course of action), and Include a statement that allows the speaker to leave the podium (or pass the mic) gracefully.

  18. How to Finish Off a Eulogy: The Perfect Ending

    Message of Hope or Comfort. Lastly, aim to end your eulogy with a message of hope or comfort. This is an opportunity to uplift the audience and provide solace in a difficult time. It could be a comforting quote, an optimistic outlook on the continuation of life, or a promise to uphold the deceased's values.

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    Download Closing Ceremony Speech Bundle. As the old saying goes, "All good things must come to an end."-1374 (Chaucer), and this has never rang true than in making closing speeches. Whether it be at a conference, during a big training or a special event. Everything has to come to an end and that is a fact.

  20. 42 Summary & conclusion transition words (with examples)

    A conclusion comes at the end of a speech, chapter, or piece of text, and it brings together all of the points mentioned. A summary, however, can be placed anywhere (even at the beginning). A summary gives a brief outline of the main points but is not as in-depth as a conclusion. ... Transition words to end a paragraph.

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